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A monarch on Joe Pye weed at Millennium Park

 


Monarch caterpillar in the Green on McLean garden

 


Chip Taylor

 

1996 143.5 million First HT Crops
2006 153 million Before Ethanol
2007 158 million Ethanol Mandate
2012 169 million Conversion Continues
2013 174.4 million Conversion Continues
Bottom Line: 29.5 million more acres of C&S in 2013 than 1996. Of this acreage >24 million represent former CRP, grassland, rangeland, and wetland habitats.

Loss of Monarch Habitat due to herbicide-tolerant Crops and Biofuel Initiatives

 

 

 

 

Monarch plant (milkweed)

 

 

 


Julie F.Tracy


Diane Blazek


Sarah Creech


Alicia Moore

 

 


Mike signing Attack of the Killer Asparagus at the
American Community Gardening Association soiree
Friday evening at Garfield Park Conservatory.


Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae)
Photo courtesy of Jeff Reutter


Toxic algae bloom in Lake Erie in 2011.
Photo courtesy of NASA


Algae bloom in Lake Ontario in 2013.
Photo courtesy of NASA.


Ducks in cyanobacteria. Looks like an oil spill, doesn't it?
Photo by Lamiot


The location of the Toledo Municipal Water Intake in Lake Erie; right in the middle of the algal bloom. NOAA + Google Maps Overlay


Mike with Christy Webber, Annamaria Leon, and Jessica the intern at Millennium Park


Annamaria Leon and kale.


Mike reading from his book at Uncommon Ground. That one about birds scares even Mike.

 


Niki Jabbour

 

 

 

 

 


Mosquito Dunk

 

 

 

 

 


Mike at The Sugar Beet Co-op


Farmer Jen in the rooftop garden at Uncommon Ground


Dan Kosta

 

The Transit Future map that shows how Chicago
could have an effective transit system


Derek Eder of DataMade

 

 

 


Cheryl Munoz

 


Gregory Berlowitz


Ina Pinkney

 


Rick Moskovitz


Stihl Tour des Trees


Mary DiCarlo

 

Attack of the Killer Asparagus book launch
The audience attacks at the Attack of the Killer
Asparagus
book launch at Women and Children
First bookstore last Thursday.

Uncommon Ground
Next up, the back room at Uncommon Ground

Garden at 2013 Sheffield Garden Walk
Garden at 2013 Sheffield Garden Walk


Band at the 2013 Sheffield Garden Walk


Laury Lewis


Garden at an earlier Dearborn Garden Walk


Cloud of black dust in Southeast Chicago
from petcoke piles


Petcoke mounds across the river from Chicago

 

 

 


Debra Shore

 


Simultaneous triple lightning strike during the
storm on June 30, 2014. Photo courtesty of
Stormhighway.com

 

 

 


David J. Zaber

 


Roundup TM weed Killer

 


Moleculary structure of 2, 4-D

 


Aerial application of herbicide

 


Superweeds are weeds that have developed
a resistance to herbicides such a glyphosate

 


Mike Stephen, of Outside the Loop radio


Straw bale gardening


Fischer Woods, the forest preserve that abuts
Dan Obermaier's garden


Native plot next to the woods in Dan's native
garden


Snake in Dan's grass


Solomon's seal in Dan's garden.


 

 

 


Lamanda Joy of the Peterson Garden Project

 


Marianne Krasny, director of the civic ecology lab
in the Department of Natural Resources at
Cornell University

 


Sally Brown of the University of Washington

 


Urban soils suffer more from neglect than contamination. Photo by Kate Kurtz.


Rufus Chaney of the United States Department
of Agriculture


Carrits need to be grown in raised beds if there is
soil contamination.

 


Leafy crops can also be a problem in contaminationed soils.


Ganga Hettiarachchi, Associate Professor of Soil and Environmental Chemistry at Kansas State University.

 

 


Eden Novak DeGenova


Sharon Bladholm with some of her sculptures
at the Garfield Park Conservatory


Sharon Bladholm pitcher plants


Aspiration, Respiration, Transpiration and Transmutation

This "simple" home garden remedy might not
be as effective or "safe" as you think

 

 

Chicago's Waste
and Recycling Tour
See How & Where Chicago’s Waste Gets Recycled!


Visit yard and food compost operations, former landfills, recycling centers, scrap metal piles, and observe the huge Petcoke mountains that have been in the news recently!


Tom Shepher of the Southeast Environmental Task Force


Night Sky in Vermont


Chicago at night

 



Rural Utica residents (from left) Dale Schreck, Kate Schwarz, Jim Lorimer, Joy Konczak, Steve Harmon and Diane Gassman stand Tuesday near a berm built by
Illinois Sand Co. for a controversial frac sand quarry.


One of the berms being erected by Illinois Sand Co. to protect rural Utica homes from the effects of blasting. Rural Utica residents who opposed the quarry during annexat

 


Susan V. Fox judging fragrance at the Biltmore Rose Trials in Asheville, North Carolina.


Susan Fox with P. Allen Smith and a chicken named Edwin. Don't we all wish we had a chicken named Edwin?

 


A monarch on the sumac in Mike's front yard in 2013.
Will any show up in 2014?

 


Bee on a coneflower in Mike's back yard

 


Scott Hoffman Black

 


Chip Taylor



Kayri Havens

 


A healthy boxwood in Mike's backyard


A very sad, not to say dead, boxwood in Hyde Park


Downy Mildew (Kelly Ivors/University of Wisconsin Exchange)


Dan Kosta and Mike in Dan's backyard

 


Marcy DeMauro, of the Forest Preserve District
of WIll County


Kelsay Shaw, of Possibility Place Nursery

 


Jen Walling in the studio with Mike

 


Josh Mogerman

 

 

 


Biltmore Tomato


Loran Strawberry


Black Diamond Watermelon

 


The Plant Chicago

 


Blake Davis

 


Aquaponics at The Plant

 


Courtesy of GreenDivas.com

 


Woodmint from Possibility Place Nursery


Kilbourn Park plant sale


Dave Coulter of Osage, Inc.


Hedgerow with bluebells


Carla Wittstock, founder of the Aquascape Foundation,
at work in Uganda


Tom Lupfer working in Ghana


Our favorite picture of Sandra Henry,
the ComEd Energy Doctor


Amber Gribben


Jennifer Davit

 


Mary Beth Rebedeau

 


Tom Shepher of the Southeast Environmental Task Force

 


Countries of the Trans-Pacific Partnership


Illinois Fair Trade Coalition

 

 

 

 


Christy Webber

 

 

 


Sarah Surroz, conservation and outreach manager for Conserve Lake County


Jim Anderson, natural resource manager for the Lake
County Forest Preserve District


Mary Beth Rebedeau of Green Parents Network

 

 


Melinda Myers, author of too many books to count,
including the Midwest Gardener's Handbook.

 

 


Vicki Nowicki, founder of Liberty Gardens


 


Robert Colangelo of Green Sense Farms


Kate Sackman, of EcoMyths Alliance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Lamanda Joy of the Peterson Garden Project


Guy McPherson, author of Going Dark

 

 


Kari Lydersen, author of Mayor 1%

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Doug Taron, of the Peggy Notebaert Museum

 

A monarch on the sumac in Mike's backyard

 

 


The swamp metalmark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Audrey Fischer

 


Mark Hammergren

 


David Blask

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Mike at Reelabilities after scenes from
The Signal Season of Dummy Hoy

 

 

 


Miriam Goldbers, author of Taming Wildflowers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Cathy McGlynn, of the NIIPP

 

 

 

 




Jim Slama of FamilyFarmed.org



Paul Saginaw of Zingerman's Delicatessen


 

 

 

 

 

 


Paczkis at Kolatek's


Caramel bacon paczkis . . . OMG

 

 

 


Jeanne Nolan, The Organic Gardener, and her girls


Jill Niewoehner of MamaGrows

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Dan Kosta with Mike, among the bonsai

 

 


Stevphen Jones from the Bread Lab

 


Gilbert Williams of Lonesome Stone Milling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Michelle Parker of the Shedd Aquarium

 

 


Josh Mogerman of the Natural Resources
Defense Counsel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The three defendants in the Enridge protest trial. Photo by Jeph Farr


Chris Wahmhoff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Mike with Jack Pizzo at one of Jack's prairie restorations

 

 

 

 


Paul Wilson, professor of engineering physics, and faculty director for advanced computing Infrastructure, from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

 


John Kutsch, director of the Thorium Energy Alliance

 


Thorium

 






Helen Yoest





 

 

 




Julie RIzzo of Recycled Granite




Debie Coble of Goodwill Industries



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Joe Pye Weed

 


Coneflower

 


At an open-pit sand mine

 


Monty Whipple

 

 

 

 

 


Susan Fox



Debbie Hillman


Tim Magner

 

 

 

 

 

 


Joel and Holly Baird

 

 

 




Robert Nevel


Martha Nussbaum

 




Dr. Frederic Miller










 






Naturalist and author Joel Greenberg




 

 

 

 

 


Passenger pigeon by Audubon

 



Cast


Ron Cowgill as Uncle Billy and the Truck Driver


Lisa Albrecht as Mary


Dennis Schetter as St. Joseph, Mr. Welsh, and
assorted  residents of Bedford Falls


 Rob Kartholl as Peter Bailey, Martini, Mean Man,
Bert and Harry


Carol Brewer as Violet and Ernie

Sarah Batka as Janey, Zuzu and Young Harry


Tom Shepherd of the Southeast Environmental
Task Force

Petcoke piles in Chicago


Byron nuclear generating station near Byron, Illinois


Nuclear power plant near Zion, Illlinois


Clinton nuclear power plant near Clinton, Illinois


David A. Kraft, director of the Nuclear  Energy
Information Service


Tom Watson, King County Recycling and
Environmental Services


Give an experience this Christmas . . .


. . . or give a good, warm feeling, and a cow.


Melinda Myers


 

 


Ellen Phillips




St. Charles Horticulture Research Center

 


85 Andersonville households are currently participating in what is Chicago's largest residential compost collection pilot, Andersonville Community Compost


One of the new Andersonville bike corrals


People Spot installed in front of Coffee Studio and Piatto Pronto. This new public space is made entirely from reclaimed materials courtesy of the non-profit Rebuilding Exchange.

 


 


Clouds of petcoke dust on the southeast side
of Chicago


An early petcoke protest

 


Fracking sand mounds next to a farm in
LaSalle County, Illinois.


The Frozen Robins at Chalet Nursery


 

 

 


The view from the 106th St. Bridge. Photo courtesy of
Josh Mogerman


Petcoke clouds in southeaest Chicago

 

 



Jody Osmund


Wes King


Lisa Albrecht with Brandon Leavitt and Mike at the
clean energy rally this week in downtown Chicaogo. 
They're standing in front of a balloon replica of a coal plant.

 

 


Sandra Henry, the "energy doctor," Is also a great
gardener, as witness this gorgeous tomato
from her garden.

 


Mike at The Plant about a year and a half ago, in what was formerly either a meat smoker or a storeroom on the Starship Enterprise.

 


The net-zero plan of The Plant


Lisa and friend at the protest against the Keystone XL pipeline
in Washington, D. C.


Christy Webber

Christy with Jennifer Brennan, Mike, and some of her crew at Christy Webber Farm  Garden Center


Roosevelt University's chair of the Department of Sustainability Studies (and Mike Nowak Show friend) 
Mike Bryson at Bioneers Chicago



 

 

 

August 24, 2014

The Attack of the Killer Asparagus Summer 2014 Tour Continues

Thanks to Rich's Foxwillow Pines--hello to Lurvey's in Des Plaines

It's embarrassing, but I managed to get to Rich's Foxwillow Pines in Woodstock on Saturday morning, sign a few copies of Attack of the Killer Asparagus and other lessons not learned in the garden, talk to some great folks and pack up my belongings just as the monsoon hit. It wasn't exactly pretty trying to get back home to Chicago but I made it and my basement wasn't flooded. A perfect ending to a perfect day.

My thanks to Rich and Susie Eyre for their hospitality and for their support of two great organizations--Heifer International and Mano a Mano International Partners. It was terrific to meet the representatives of those organizations and support their good works.

Now the Killer Asparagus juggernaut moves on to Lurvey Landscape Supply & Garden Center at 2550 East Dempster Street in Des Plaines. I'll be there on Saturday, September 20 from 11:00 am to 2:00 pm. But you can stop by at 10am for a Fall Container Class. Create a bright, beautiful Fall Container using cool weather annuals for your porch, patio or balcony.  Then head over to the author's table where Mike will be signing copies of his book.

For more information, call Lurvey's at 847-824-7411. My thanks to the wonderful Jean Bragdon at Lurvey's for helping to arrange my appearance there.

Meanwhile, if you want to order a book for yourself, log on to Around the Block Press. The book is available via all of the usual online suspects, or you can special order it at your favorite bookstore. And I wouldn't mind a bit if you gave Attack of the Killer Asparagus a Like on Facebook...or even a good review at Amazon.com. C'mon...one of you must have a spare 30 seconds!

State of the monarch butterfly, Summer 2014

Regular listeners to my show might remember a program segment I did earlier--June 1 of this year, to be precise. This was a few days before an event called Make Way for Monarchs at the Chicago Botanic Garden. Often, I report on environmental and gardening conferences of one sort or another, many of which I can't possibly attend, if only because I'm just one guy and there are so many conferences

However, I made sure that I showed up at this particular gathering. I was not disappointed. It featured Scott Hoffman Black , executive director of the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, and Kayri Havens, Ph.D., director of Plant Science and Conservation at the Chicago Botanic Garden, both of whom were on my show that week.

One person who was not able to be on the show that day was Orley R. “Chip” Taylor, University of Kansas professor of ecology and evolutionary biology, and founder and director of Monarch Watch. Why have an organization like Monarch Watch? Candy Sarikonda, Monarch Watch Conservation Specialist, explained in a post earlier this year:

Monarch conservation is important for many reasons. First, conserving and creating monarch habitat will help many of our pollinators. Every third bite of food we eat comes to our table courtesy of a pollinator. Monarchs, bees and many other pollinators share much of the same habitat—so what happens to monarchs, happens to other pollinators. Monarchs are an indicator of the damage done to our environment—we can count them as they gather by the millions in Mexico. They are an indicator of what we cannot fully quantify—the loss of our pollinators and their habitat. We need to protect all of our pollinators—the many bees, birds, bats, and other insects that provide us with pollinator-services and ultimately put food on our table. Do you like blueberries, strawberries, raspberries? How about watermelon, apples, bananas or squash? Chocolate? Then thank a pollinator!

This followed on the heels of this report in January 2014 in the New York Times:

The Mexican government and the World Wildlife Fund said at a news conference on Wednesday that the span of forest inhabited by the overwintering monarchs shrank last month to a bare 1.65 acres — the equivalent of about one and a quarter football fields. Not only was that a record low, but it was just 56 percent of last year's total, which was itself a record low.

At their peak in 1996, the monarchs occupied nearly 45 acres of forest.

In case you're not paying attention, let me put it bluntly. The monarch butterfly is in danger of going extinct in our lifetimes. I'll pause while that unfortunate reality sinks in.

So why is this happening? Earlier this year, I posted this article from the Washington Post about the monarch crisis. Lincoln Brower, a professor of biology at Sweet Briar College who has studied the monarch migrations for decades, credits three things:

  • Deforestation in Mexico,
  • Recent bouts of severe weather
  • The growth of herbicide-based agriculture destroying crucial milkweed flora in the Midwest

However, in a post on Monarch Watch at about the same time, Chip Taylor had slightly different list of culprits:

  • The adoption of herbicide tolerant (HT) crops
  • The ethanol mandate
  • Development

He writes:

One of the startling aspects of the corn and soy dynamics is the increase in acreage over the last 17 years. In 1996 the total acreage for corn and soy was 143.5 million acres while in 2013 was 174.4 million acres – an increase of 29.5 million acres. Note that while the acreage increased by 9.5 million acres from 1996 to 2006, the acreage increased by 20 million over the last 7 years. This increase is largely due to the ethanol mandate. Early in 2007 congress passed the Clean Energy Act of 2007, frequently referred to as the ethanol mandate. It was apparent to many growers in the spring of 2007 that this act was going to increase the demand for and price of corn. Corn planting has been increasing ever since with the result that farmers have removed hedgerows and narrowed field margins. In much of the corn-belt, farming is from road to road with little habitat for any form of wildlife remaining. Grasslands – including some of the last remaining native prairies, rangelands, wetlands, and 11.2 million acres of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) land – have been plowed under to produce more corn and soybeans. Most of these acres formerly contained milkweeds, monarchs, pollinators and other forms of wildlife. They are gone and the total loss of these habitats since 2008 exceeds 24 million acres (an area about equal to the state of Indiana).

Yikes.

He continues to say that development gobbles up about a million acres of farmland a year, while our addiction to shopping malls, new housing and roads costs us another million acres of woodlands and other open areas. (You really need to take a look at that post.)

As I posted in June, a recent U.S. Geological Survey study finds that 70 percent of Americans say conserving monarchs is “important” or “very important.” Respondents also indicated they would be willing to support monarch conservation by growing monarch-friendly plants or donating to monarch conservation groups.

Speaking of those groups, an organization that I was introduced to at the Chicago Botanic Garden event was Monarch Joint Venture. In addition to their website, you can also get updates on the status of the monarch at their Facebook page.

When it comes to "monarch-friendly plants," there's a group that stands about all others: milkweek (or Monarch Plant, if you're interested in rebranding, as I am.) The problem is that milkweed habitat, as mentioned above, is disappearing at an alarming rate.

Which is why Monarch Watch has created a Milkweed Market. The idea is to get as many organizations, companies and volunteers to plant as much of the genus as possible. (By the way, there are dozens of different kinds of Asclepias species in the U.S.--at least one for each state in the U.S.)

While science is the driving force behind protecting and preserving the monarch butterfly, it doesn't hurt to have artists on your side. Chip tells me that he recently became aware of a a 21 year-old dancer, actor, and writer by the name of Gwynedd (pronounced Gwyneth) from New York City, who has created something called Moving for Monarchs. To see what she is doing to help the cause, click on this video.

Which brings us to the current status of monarchs. On July 29, Chip Taylor posted this on Monarch Watch:

Here is a brief overview of factors supporting my prediction of a modest increase in the number of monarchs this fall:

1. I looked at reports from those visiting the overwintering sites about the mortality seen at the colony locations. I also watched the weather in Mexico to be sure that there were no unusual weather events at the overwintering sites that would contribute to mortality. Fortunately, though the population was low, it seemed to winter well.

2. I followed the first sightings reported to Journey North and monitored, as closely as I could, the conditions of the milkweed and flowering of nectar sources in Texas. Since lower than normal temperatures in Texas in March and early April are also associated with an increase in the population, I monitored the temperatures in the region as well. Again, all the signs pointed to a slight growth in the population.

3. The temperatures during May and early June are another key to population growth. These temperatures largely determine when the first generation monarchs coming out of Texas and Oklahoma will reach the northern breeding area. Past records have shown that the timing of arrival of these monarchs in the north (i.e., >40N) is also critical. First sightings suggested fair numbers arrived during the critical period in the upper Midwest, smaller numbers arrived later in MI, OH and ONT and, still later, even fewer reaching the New England area. All of which suggested that most of the increase would come from the upper Midwest assuming that summer temperatures were normal or above normal.

4. A look at the longer-term temperatures suggested that normal temperatures could be expected over most of the northern breeding area, further supporting my optimistic outlook through May and early June.

5. The reports so far this July have not been disappointing. The 4th of July butterfly counts supported by the North American Butterfly Association, and other counts, have generally reported better numbers of monarchs in their surveys than last year.

To add to the modest optimism of his report, he wrote in his personal email to me that " the present status is a bit more positive."

Indeed? We'll find out this morning when he joins me on the program.

 

August 17, 2014

The Attack of the Killer Asparagus Summer 2014 Tour Continues

Join us at Rich's Foxwillow Pines on August 23

The latest stop on the Attack of the Killer Asparagus and other lessons not learned in the garden Summer 2014 Tour is in beautiful Woodstock, Illinois next Saturday, Augusty 23. Rich and Susie Eyre have graciously asked me to be a part of their Hosta Sale and Bolivian Arts & Crafts Fundraiser at Rich's Foxwillow Pines at 11618 McConnell Road. The sale goes from from 9 to 4pm. However, if you want to catch me there, you'll need to show up between 9am and noon.

All proceeds benefit  Heifer International, while the sale of beautiful Bolivian handicrafts benefits Mano a Mano International Partners.  Cash or check only. This year Heifer International marks its 70th year and Mano a Mano International Partners its 20th year. In conjunction with the garden event, the nursery will host speakers who will talk about their respective organizations. Call 815-338-7442 for more information.

Meanwhile, if you want to order a book for yourself, log on to Around the Block Press. The book is available via all of the usual online suspects, or you can special order it at your favorite bookstore. And I wouldn't mind a bit if you gave Attack of the Killer Asparagus a Like on Facebook...or even a good review at Amazon.com. I ain't that proud, folks.

Fighting autism with gardening and farming

It happened quite by accident, but the over-arching theme of this morning's radio show is how growing things can make people healthier. I'm not talking about health in the sense of physical health--I'm referring to mental and spiritual health.

In January of this year, Clare Johnson, writing on the My Chicago Botanic Garden blog in a post titled Gardening and Autism, wrote,

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors.

In the spring and summer of 2013, I worked with two organizations and schools and led weekly horticultural therapy sessions in their outdoor gardens. We observed many benefits when engaging both children and adults on the autism spectrum.  For today, I'll discuss three primary benefits I observed: quiet fascination and stimuli reduction, the ability to follow direction, and tactile sensory integration.

The Julie + Michael Tracy Family Foundation /Urban Autism Solutions (JMTF) is a group that has been working to help people who live with autism--to have the same opportunities as their peers and siblings, to feel welcome and safe at home, and to be better integrated into their communities.

To that end, they have created the Growing Solutions Farm in Chicago in the Illinois Medical District, featuring 28 16-foot raised cedar beds, 50 smart pots, 48 earth boxes and a full time grower and farm operations manager Gwenne Godwin. Recently, WGN TV did a piece about the farm, as did ABC7 Chicago. From the Growing Solutions website:

Teachers, volunteers and agency staff engage in daily work together with garden interns to develop the soft skills and resumes which will lead to future success in the workplace. All the while, we are presenting instructions to support individual gardeners using meaningful modifications with visual, printed and video models. We are able to offer paid employment for up to 20 gardeners to include stations within the farm as well as sales and eventual farm stand operations. Farm interns currently include residents of Project 1212, CPS students from Al Raby High School, Easter Seals Therapeutic School for Autism Research and private applicants.

And now, the National Garden Bureau has stepped up with its first-of-its-kind “Growing for Futures” (#growingforfutures) philanthropic program to build therapeutic gardens across the country. The NGB has made Growing Solutions the first beneficiary of their initiative, which will be an annual award. The goal is to raise $50,000 in cash and supplies to help support the continued growth of this innovative garden project.

Because part of the fundraising is through Indiegogo, they're counting on the support of gardeners everywhere to help support Growing Solutions. That means you, folks.

Diane Blazek, Executive Director of the National Garden Bureau, and Julie F. Tracy, President of the Julie and Michael Tracy Family Foundation, join me in studio this morning to talk about how you can help farming and gardening help others.

Real American heroes grow and teach others how to grow food organically

A couple of months ago, I received an email from Jeff Hake, who happens to be the Farmer Training Program Manager at The Land Connection. He wrote:

I wanted to bring to your attention a farm that was established this year in North Salem, Indiana. Alicia Moore and Sara Creech are military veterans who recently went through our Central Illinois Farm Beginnings course with the explicit intention of founding a non-profit farm that was focused on rehabilitating and training military veterans to become farmers. What they eventually established was Blue Yonder Organic Farm. They are in their first year and are currently working on establishing their production systems and profitability, while also developing their training curriculum to be launched next year.

Frankly, I don't think he knew what he was getting into, because I swooped down on him like a hawk on a field mouse--or in the case of my neighborhood, a rat.

I told him that I was very interested in this story and he put me in touch with the two women, whose farm is located in North Salem, Indiana, which is just west of Indianapolis. I very quickly received this message from Sara:

Alicia and I would love to talk to you about our Veterans program. We are really excited about the opportunity to connect with other Veterans who are interested in getting involved in agriculture. I think sustainable farming is a unique opportunity to offer a combination of small business opportunities for returning veterans, while at the same time offering healing. There is something incredible about working with plants and animals, that connects you with that piece of your "soul" that many war veterans feel they have lost forever. 

Another program you might be interested in talking about is the "Homegrown By Heroes" label that was rolled out nationally this year as a way to designate farm products/businesses as veteran owned and operated. It is an exciting way to offer the community a tangible way to support their military veterans. It is based on a pilot program through the Kentucky Dept of Agriculture and is now spreading across the nation. We are happy to be the first certified farm in Indiana and will be rolling out the program in the next few weeks!

Something rang a bell in my head as I was reading her email and I realized that I had recently received something from the State of Illinois about Homegrown By Heroes. As Sara wrote, it was started in Kentucky.A press release announced that the program was coming to the Prairie State:

Illinois veterans soon will have the opportunity to leverage a national branding campaign to help market their farm products. The Homegrown By Heroes initiative, a product labeling program, will allow Illinois farmers, ranchers and fishermen who have served or are still serving in any branch of the U.S. military to use a special logo on their agricultural products. Farmer training and education also are large components of the initiative, which will make informational resources available to veterans desiring to farm in the state.

Meanwhile, as Sara reported, Blue Yonder Organic Farm is the first farm in Indiana to be a part of the Homegrown By Heroes (HGBH) program. As they explain on their website,

HGBH requires that veteran farmers have written plans in place to deal with variety of issues, such as sanitation, growing standards, methods to deal with customer grievances, etc. The standards for this certification are high but well worth it in order to show customers that we grow and raise high-quality, nutrient-dense products which are free of hormones, pesticides, and antibiotics.   When customers purchase items from Blue Yonder Organic Farm, they are not only supporting local agriculture but also supporting veterans through training, employment, and internships. At the farm veterans can find a calming environment while learning new skills. Veterans are exposed to a variety of agricultural production models, such as growing produce, raising livestock, and learning the basics of farm management.  

Additionally, we are tackling another growing issue: the lack of farmers in the US. Currently, the average age of the American farmer is 60, and there are not enough young farmers to replace those who are retiring. If we do not take an active role in our food system, who is going to feed us?

Indeed, that last question might be the most important of all. Where is the next generation of farmers coming from? Perhaps the answer is "the battlefield." I don't mean that to sound glib. I simply mean that we need farmers and our veterans need jobs and, often, a place to heal. I can't think of a better way to fill both needs than by growing food.

If you want to help fund this way of rewarding the people who have served our country well, you can support a group called Veterans in Apiculture and Agriculture (VIAA). While they are working on becoming a non-for-profit organization, donations can be made through The Land Connection, which is a 501(c)(3) organization. You can do that online here. If you donate online, please indicate that you would like your donation to help VIAA. Or if you would rather send by mail, make your check out to the Land Connection, and indicate in the memo line that you want it donated to VIAA. Mail checks to:

The Land Connection
505 W. University, Suite 203
Champaign, IL 61820
217-840-2128

In addition to their website, you can keep track of Blue Yonder Organic Farm on Facebook. Sara also wanted me to give a plug the Land Connection's Central Illinois Farm Beginnings class, which starts on October 18 of this year. The deadline for registration is September 1.

I'm thrilled that Sara Creech and Alicia Moore have come to Chicago this morning to be in studio with me.

 

August 10, 2014

The Attack of the Killer Asparagus Summer 2014 Tour Continues

Join us at Rich's Foxwillow Pines on August 23

If you think that I'm going to stop promoting Attack of the Killer Asparagus and other lessons not learned in the garden anytime soon, dream on. However, this post is brief, if only because the next book event is one that I've already written about-- the Hosta Sale and Bolivian Arts & Crafts Fundraiser at Rich's Foxwillow Pines in Woodstock, Illinois on Saturday, August 23. While the event goes from 9am to 4pm, I'll be there signing book from 9 to noon at 11618 McConnell Road in Woodstock. Call 815-338-7442 for more information.

All proceeds benefit  Heifer International, while the sale of beautiful Bolivian handicrafts benefits Mano a Mano International Partners.  Cash or check only. This year Heifer International marks its 70th year and Mano a Mano International Partners its 20th year. In conjunction with the garden event, the nursery will host speakers who will talk about their respective organizations.

Meanwhile, if you want to order a book for yourself, log on to Around the Block Press. The book is available via all of the usual online suspects, or you can special order it at your favorite bookstore. And I wouldn't mind a bit if you gave Attack of the Killer Asparagus a Like on Facebook...or even a good review at Amazon.com. I ain't that proud, folks.

Have we come full circle? The Great Lakes are in trouble again

It was a series of algal blooms in Lake Erie in the 1960s that, in part, led to the creation of the EPA, the Clean Water Act and the 1972 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, which was signed by Canada and the United States. It commits the two countries to cooperate and coordinate efforts on issues such as

  • Preventing environmental threats before they turn into actual problems
  • Updating phosphorus targets for open waters and nearshore areas of each lake and taking actions to reduce phosphorus levels that contribute to harmful algae
  • Preventing the introduction and spread of invasive species
  • Developing plans to protect and restore nearshore areas, the primary source of drinking water for Great Lakes communities and where most commerce and recreation occurs

and much more. That agreement had an immediate and profound effect, reducing the amount of phosphorus in Lake Erie by about 60%. But when it comes to water quality, vigilance is a necessity. In 2011, severe algae blooms once again returned to the Great Lake.

And, unless you just spent the past couple of weeks on vacation on Jupiter, you know that 2014 has been another bad year for Lake Erie. So bad, in fact, that some 500,000 people in the Toledo area were without safe drinking water for a couple of days, turning that area, in essence into a third world country.

The culprit is a blue-green algae, cyanobacteria, which can produce a toxin called Microcystis. According to Health Canada,

Cyanobacteria is the scientific name for blue-green algae, or "pond scum." The first recognized species were blue-green in colour, which is how the algae got their name. Species identified since range in colour from olive-green to red.

Cyanobacteria form in shallow, warm, slow-moving or still water. They are made up of cells , which can house poisons called cyanobacterial toxins . A mass of cyanobacteria in a body of water is called a bloom. When this mass rises to the surface of the water, it is known as surface scum or a surface water bloom .

So, basically, a lot of toxic pond scum formed in Lake Erie. But it's not as if we didn't see it coming. For one thing, it seems to fit perfectly with climate change projections. Scientific American says that

Nutrients in agricultural runoff is the biggest contributor to algae blooms in Lake Erie. What brings that runoff from farm fields to the lake is rain, and lots of it.

“It's a combo of more rainfall; that climate change is predicted to cause more severe rain events. And more rainfall means more nutrients and higher nutrients mean more toxicity,” Timothy Davis, an ecologist at the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory , said.

An increase in heavy rainfall is already being seen throughout the U.S. The Midwest has seen a 37 percent increase in the amount of rain falling in heavy precipitation events since the late 1950s, the second-highest increase in the U.S. over that period.

In addition, The Blade reports that the Ohio EPA warned Toledo's Mayor, D. Michael Collins, that

the city's Collins Park Water Treatment Plant was “vulnerable to potential failures that could severely impact the city's ability to provide adequate quantities of safe water to its citizens.”

“I cannot underscore boldly enough the precarious condition of Toledo's drinking water system and the imminent vulnerability to failure,” Ohio Environmental Protection Agency Director Craig W. Butler wrote in a June 9 letter to Mr. Collins, a copy of which was obtained by The Blade on Thursday through a public records request along with a stack of other documents and copies of emails that show the agency had severe reservations about the plant for months leading up to the crisis.

Regardless of who knew what, I think this can be considered Mother Nature's shot across the bow of whatever boat you happen to have floating in any of the Great Lakes. And while it's true that Lake Michigan is not under the same pressures as Lake Erie, and one need only look at the algae problems near Door County in Wisconsin to know that we are playing with fire.

Meanwhile, some of you might want to know what the difference is between harmful algal blooms and common "muck" in our water. Believe it or not, that 's a good question. Here's the answer.

A lot of the increased phosphorus has been blamed on farming activity, but farmers are unhappy with being painted as villains in this story.

"We put the minimum on that we can put on because the crop can only absorb so much, and you're wasting your money completely," he says. "If you put an extra 2 pounds on you've wasted your money because it just does not use it."

Forty miles south of Schimming's land, another farmer, Paul Herringshaw, oversees his soybean fields. Farmers like him have been working for decades to reduce fertilizer runoff into the lake, he says. Many farmers have cut back or stopped tilling the soil.

"We implemented such things such as minimum till, no till, conservation tillage as an idea to keep the soil in its place with the hope of preventing the runoff of nutrients," he says.

So what's causing the problem and how do we stop it?

A coalition of groups that include the Alliance for the Great Lakes, American Rivers, Environment Ohio, Freshwater Future, Lake Erie Charter Boat Association, Lake Erie Waterkeeper Inc., Ohio Environmental Council, National Wildlife Federation and the Sierra Club have issued an Action Agenda for Reducing Nutrient Pollution and Securing Safe Drinking Water for Lake Erie Communities.

Citing the progress made with the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative and the latest Farm Bill, they have a number of recommendations:

International

  • Currently,  no  limits  exist  on  the  amount  of  phosphorus that can be in our rivers  and   streams that flow into Western Lake  Erie. The  Great  Lakes  Water Quality  Agreement of 2012 established  an  interim phosphorus target for all of Lake Erie, and soon a task team under the agreement  will release updated numbers. However, the Agreement does not require the U.S. or Canada to enact regulations or pass laws to meet these targets.
  • Recommendation: The U.S. and Canada should establish requirements that will ensure each country meets the nutrient targets developed under the Agreement.

Federal

  • Even  though  microcystin  has  been  around  for  decades, the federal government never   established a specific safe drinking water standard for this toxin. The result is that we do not have established protocols for testing, monitoring or prevention.
  • Recommendation: The  US  Environmental  Protection Agency (EPA) should establish a specific   microcystin standard under the Safe Drinking Water Act.
  • Healthy wetlands and streams improve water quality by filtering polluted runoff from farm fields and city streets that would otherwise enter rivers and streams that flow into the Great Lakes. Right now more than 1,500 square miles in Ohio and numerous wetlands in Ohio are unprotected.
  • Recommendation: Congress must not block Americans from commenting on the propos
    ed Clean Water Protection Rule or the EPA or Corps from incorporating these comments and finalizing the rule this fall. .

State of Ohio

  • No federal or state law controls phosphorus application, which has now become the largest
    source of pollution to the Maumee River (which feeds Lake Erie). Fall application of fertilizer frequently leads to spring run off.
  • Recommendation: The Maumee River watershed should be declared in distress and vigorous actions taken by farmers to implement a variety of Best Management Practices.

You can read the rest of the recommendations at Action Agenda for Reducing Nutrient Pollution and Securing Safe Drinking Water for Lake Erie Communities.

Lyman Welch, director of the Alliance for the Great Lakes Water Quality program, joins me this morning to talk about why we need to save the Great Lakes all over again.

Bringing permaculture to Millennium Park

Earlier this year, I got wind of a project that Christy Webber was putting together in Millennium Park. In the interest of full disclosure, Christy Webber Landscapes and Christy Webber Farm & Garden are advertisers on The Mike Nowak Show.

But the project seemed pretty remarkable for a landscaper who has spent no small part of her career slamming petunias and impatiens and annual salvias into the ground in places like O'Hare International Airport. Here's how she described it:

In February of 2014, while Chicago was experiencing one of the harshest winters on record, Christy Webber, President of Christy Webber Landscapes, gathered her staff of landscape designers, horticulturists and local gardeners on the city’s West Side to design the “annual display” beds for Millennium Park. In a brave and bold move; a team that consisted of a local landscape contractor, a West Side permaculture expert and an activist for urban farming, collaborated to create Millennium Park’s first ever public permaculture display.

Permaculture? You mean the "branch of ecological design, ecological engineering, environmental design, construction and Integrated Water Resources Management that develops sustainable architecture, regenerative and self-maintained habitat and agricultural systems modeled from natural ecosystems"? That permaculture?

Yup, that permaculture. In Millennium Park, no less. You know, next to The Bean and the Great Lawn and all of those stodgy yews and boxwoods and concrete and steel.

Christy reached out to permaculture expert Annamaria Leon, permaculture expert, who worked to combine edible plants with the yew hedge as a back drop. Angela Taylor and her husband Sam brought their growing expertise, combined with the student work force from West Town Academy, to grow the plants. Angela notes that the students were aware that they were making history by growing food for one of the great parks in America.

I'm pleased to have in studio Christy Webber, Annamaria Leon, Angela Taylor among others from the team that is changing the way we look at public gardens.

 

August 3, 2014

The Attack of the Killer Asparagus Summer 2014 Tour Continues!

Thanks to Uncommon Ground; Looking forward to Foxwillow Pines

The juggernaut that is Attack of the Killer Asparagus and other lessons not learned in the garden continues to roll on, crushing anything and anybody in its path.

Okay, you just got the Cliff's Notes version of a dream I had last night, in which I was exposed to a burst of gamma radiation.

Regardless, I need to thank the good folks at Uncommon Ground Restaurant at 1401 W. Devon Avenue in Chicago for the hospitality they showed to the wonderful group of people who showed up on Thursday evening for the latest book release party. We ate, we drank, we told dumb jokes, we failed to recognize each other, and we went upstairs to take a look at the world famous organic rooftop farm with Uncommon Ground co-owner Helen Cameron.

Like I said, however, this book tour is a juggernaut, which means we must bid farewell to the folks at Uncommon Ground and look forward to the next presentation.

This one will be part of the Hosta Sale and Bolivian Arts & Crafts Fundraiser at Rich's Foxwillow Pines in Woodstock, Illinois on Saturday, August 23. While the event goes from 9am to 4pm, I'll be there signing book from 9 to noon at 11618 McConnell Road in Woodstock. Call 815-338-7442 for more information.

All proceeds benefit  Heifer International, while the sale of beautiful Bolivian handicrafts benefits Mano a Mano International Partners.  Cash or check only. This year Heifer International marks its 70th year and Mano a Mano International Partners its 20th year. In conjunction with the garden event, the nursery will host speakers who will talk about their respective organizations.

Meanwhile, if you want to order a book for yourself, log on to Around the Block Press. The book is available via all of the usual online suspects, or you can special order it at your favorite bookstore. And I wouldn't mind a bit if you gave Attack of the Killer Asparagus a Like on Facebook...or even a good review at Amazon.com. I ain't that proud, folks.

The Weekend Gardener with Niki Jabbour returns for a simulcast

It's that time of year again, when I hook up with gardener, author and radio host Niki Jabbour, who hosts a program called The Weekend Gardener with Niki Jabbour on www.news957.com in Halifax, Nova Scotia. It used to run exactly at the same time as mine--11:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Atlantic Time, which is 9:00 to 11:00 a.m. CDT--but this year her show starts an hour earlier than mine, so our programs overlap for only an hour.

Some of you might say, "So what?" Believe it or not, however, in this day of live streaming on the Interwebs, there are people out there who like to listen to both shows. Hey, I'll take whatever listeners I can get!

Niki is author of The Year Round Vegetable Gardener, which won the 2012 American Horticultural Society Book Award . Niki also contributes regularly to magazines like Garden Making, Canadian Gardening, Gardens East and Fine Gardening.

And now she has a new book, Groundbreaking Food Gardens: 73 Plans That Will Change the Way You Grow Your Garden. In her introduction, she writes,

Because edible gardening is such a large part of my life, I am always looking for new techniques, designs, and ideas to grow more food. With this in mind, I dedicated 18 months of my life to tracking (stalking?) avid gardeners, garden writers, professional horticulturists, television and radio hosts, garden bloggers, managers of botanical gardens, university staff, and community gardeners across North America and the United Kingdom to find out how and why they grow their own food. The result of that research is this book, which spotlights the rapidly growing trend of food gardening, offering 73 plans for edibles that I hope will inspire you to think differently about where and how you can grow food.

Indeed, if you can't figure out a place to grow food after looking at this book, you're not even trying. Produced by Storey Publishing, the book is filled with great full-color illustrations and garden designs (not a single photograph!) in easy to digest chapters. Among the ones that caught my eye--with their contributors--are

Urban Farmscape - Patti Marie Travioli
Pollinator-Friendly Raised Bed - Paul Zammit
Eggs & Everything - Jessi Bloom
Partially Shaded Vegetables - Marjorie Harris
Small Space Beds - Chicago Botanic Garden
Front-Yard Foraging - Sarah Elton
Hanging Gutters - Jayme Jenkins
Vintage Victory Garden - LaManda Joy
Teaming with Microbes - Jeff Lowenfels
Urban Shade Garden - Kathy Martin
Vertical Vegetables - Rhonda Massingham Hart
Edible Hedge - Charlie Nardozzi
Edible Cutting Garden - Debra Prinzing
Cocktail Garden - Amy Stewart and Susan Morrison
"Good Bug" Garden - Jessica Walliser
Forager's Garden - Ellen Zachos
52 Weeks of Salad - Michelle Chapman
Backyard Beekeeper's Garden - Kenny Points

A number of the contributors have been on my show, including LaManda Joy, Jeff Lowenfels, Shawna Coronado, Debra Prinzing, Joe Lamp'l, Amanda Thomsen and Jean Ann Van Krevelen.

Like I said, there's something for everyone in this useful book. And speaking of useful, I think I've stumbled upon the secret of writing my next book--get in touch with about 70 good gardeners, interview them and let them do the heavy lifting. Actually, my own publisher, Kathleen Thompson, has been trying to get me to do that for years!

Speaking of my publisher, Niki Jabbour says that she will do a review of my new book as I am doing the same for hers. I suppose we can't talk at the same time, so we'll take turns heaping praise on the other. Well, I'll be heaping praise on her--I can only hope it will be returned.

Stopping mosquitoes before they become mosquitoes

If I asked you which animal on this planet is responsible for the most human deaths each year, you might guess human beings...and you'd be close. We come in second, at about 750,000. We are indeed a dangerous species.

The honor--or blame, in this case--goes to mosquitoes, which account for about a million deaths world wide. Mosquito-borne malaria is the chief culprit, causing about 600,000 deaths. However, there are other diseases, such as dengue fever, West Nile virus, yellow fever and more.

To put things in perspective, wolves and sharks, two of the most feared animals on land and in the sea, are each each responsible for about 10 deaths. And yet, we are hunting them to the brink of extinction. One needs only to look at the passenger pigeon to know how we can reduce a population in the billions to nothing in only a few decades. We are not trying to exterminate dogs, and yet, through rabies, they kill 25,000 people every year.

Getting back to mosquitoes, just two weeks ago, Florida health officials and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced the nation's first locally acquired chikungunya cases. What's chikungunya? According to the CDC,

Chikungunya...virus is transmitted to people by mosquitoes. The most common symptoms of chikungunya virus infection are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash. Outbreaks have occurred in countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In late 2013, chikungunya virus was found for the first time in the Americas on islands in the Caribbean. There is a risk that the virus will be imported to new areas by infected travelers. There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat chikungunya virus infection.

The good news is that the disease is rarely fatal. The bad news is that the "outbreak in the Caribbean region has sickened more than 355,000 people, with the number of new infections continuing to grow by roughly 40,000 cases each week." The mosquito species that spread the virus are found in the southeast and southwest, though may be found in the Middle Atlantic states and the lower Midwest.

Meanwhile, West Nile Virus continues to be a concern in many parts of the country. But to put it in perspective (think about dogs killing 25,000 people each year world wide), there were 2,469 cases of West Nile Virus in the United States in 2013, resulting in 119 deaths.

Nevertheless, mosquitoes are among the most reviled of insects, and controlling them as adults results in spraying chemicals like malathion and naled and the synthetic pyrethroid insecticides prallethrin, etofenprox, pyrethrins, permethrin, resmethrin and sumithrin for adult mosquito control. The EPA notes that synthetic chemicals can cause collatoral damage to pollinators and even humans if they are not applied properly. Not only that, but some of those products are becoming less effective as mosquitoes have developed resistance to them.

Which brings us to a product called Mosquito Dunks by a company called Summit Chemical Company, which, in the interest of full disclosure, is a sponsor of The Mike Nowak Show. Here's how they work:

A Mosquito Dunk® looks like a small, beige donut which floats on standing water. As the Dunk® slowly dissolves, it releases a bacterium which is toxic to all species of mosquito larvae. Mosquito Bits® are a granule that contains the same active ingredient found in the Dunks®, but unlike the Dunks® the Bits release the larvicide immediately.

The active ingredient is Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies israelensis (B.t.i.). , which affects the larvae of mosquitoes, fungus gnats, and blackflies, while leaving other organisms unharmed. Many folks don't like the idea of having their muncipalities sprayed with synthetic chemicals, which is why the idea of dunks might be the best way to control mosquitoes before they become adults.

Zach Cohen from Summit stops by the program this morning to talk about safe mosquito control with Mosquito Dunks® and Mosquito Bits®. Please call in with your questions to 773/763-9278.

 

July 27, 2014

The Attack of the Killer Asparagus Summer 2014 Tour Continues!

Join Mike at Uncommon Ground on Devon this Thursday

My thanks to the great folks at the Sugar Beet Co-op in Oak Park, who hosted their 3rd annual Sugar Beet Edible Garden Tour yesterday. I stopped by the headquarters for the event at 812 W. Madison and signed copies of Attack of the Killer Asparagus and other lessons not learned in the garden for the folks, many of whom were getting on their bicycles to head out to see the gardens on the tour.

Unfortunately, that was not in the cards for me, as I had a date with a couple of special people who helped fund my Kickstarter campaign--Lou Ann and Larry Grabowski. We had lunch at the fabulous Uncommon Ground Restaurant at 1401 W. Devon Avenue in Chicago, then went upstairs to take a look at the world famous organic rooftop farm with Farmer Jen from Uncommon Ground.

Well, I'll be back again thisThursday, July 31, thanks to the generosity of owners Helen and Michael Cameron. It's another book signing, complete with snacks (and a cash bar, for those of you who can't face my writing without some alcoholic backup), a tour of the rooftop farm, and even a 10% discount for folks who want to stick around for dinner (I'll be one of them). Of course, I will be reading a couple of select excerpts from the book, which might have you reaching for a second drink.

To RSVP for the event, call Uncommon Ground at 773.465.9801,

Meanwhile, if you want to order a book for yourself, log on to Around the Block Press. The book is available via all of the usual online suspects, or you can special order it at your favorite bookstore. And I wouldn't mind a bit if you gave Attack of the Killer Asparagus a Like on Facebook.

It's a bonsai bonanzai!

My buddy Dan Kosta at Vern Goers Greenhouse in Hinsdale sent me a message awhile ago, asking if I could plug the Annual Bonsai Show for the Prairie State Bonsai Society. What am I going to tell him--find your own bonsai radio show, dude?

The Praire State bonsai show is next week, August 2 and 3, and is being held at the Morton Arboretum as part of their Destination Asia Summer Festival. The show is FREE with Arboretum Admission, though if you want to attend one of the many workshops, you'll have to pay a fee and register in advance.

As my own fee for having on the show, I made Dan come up with his top ten tips for taking care of bonsai (pronounced BONE-sigh, in case there's a pop quiz at the end of the show). Here's what he came up with:

1. Provide proper light. Keep the tree in a bright, sunny location. Outdoors in sun or indoors close to a sunny South or West window.
2. Pay attention to watering. Check soil daily, especially in summer, and water thoroughly when soil is somewhat dry. Saturate the soil at each watering. If using overhead watering apply water 3 times at 5 minute intervals to fully soak the soil or place in a dish of water for up to 30 minutes. Do not allow the tree to stand in water continuously. Always use lukewarm water.
3. Fertilize regularly during the growing season, generally March to mid-September.
4. Provide an appropriate environment for the tree. Hardy outdoor trees such as juniper, pine, or maple need to be kept outdoors year-round. they are not houseplants. Tropical trees such as Ficus or Schefflera may spend the summer outdoors in a sunny location and be brought indoors in fall and winter, or be kept indoors all year.
5. Winter protect all outdoor trees. Sink pots in soil or mulch in late fall, with foliage exposed, or bring into a cold indoor location such as a shed or garage. Temperatures in such locations should be between 30 and 40 degrees. Do not bring into a warm indoor environment.
6. Trim new growth as needed to maintain the size and shape of the tree as well as to increase the density of the foliage on the tree.
7. Use wire as a temporary training device. Use wire to shape the branches and remove the wire before it becomes tight and scars the branch.
8. Repot at appropriate intervals. Do not allow a tree to remain rootbound in the pot nor repot too frequently.
9. Do not trim roots except at repotting times. Do not remove more than one third of the roots at any time.
10. Watch for insects or disease problems and use an appropriate treatment to resolve the problem.

The bonsai show put on by Dan's group isn't the only one happening in the area. I received word from Larry Strephan, that the 37th Annual Mid-America Bonsai Exhibit will be held across town at the Chicago Botanic Garden from August 15-17. Centered on the Chicago Botanic Garden's Permanent Collection, featuring almost 50 world-class trees, it's a showplace of specimens from across the midwest. Enthusiasts from five states bring their trees to be judged in the main hall at the Garden's Regenstein Center - with this year's Guest Master Rodney Clemons.

So there's a reason for folks to stop harrassing me with about how I never cover the bonsai circuit. Not that anybody ever does, but it pays to be ahead of the game.

Solving the world's problems, one app at a time

Here's a scary thought. Imagine a bunch of technology and social justic geeks gathering together once a week to by-pass the normal channels (i.e., politics) about how things get done, and create their own paradigm that relies on the accumulation of data and the dissemination of that information through various applications on your computers and your phones.

Crazy, huh?

Guess what? It's been going on in Chicago for more than two years. I'm not sure exactly how, but I stumbled onto something called Open Gov Hack Night, and I actually attended a session to see what it was all about. On their own website, they describe it as "Chicago's weekly event to build, share, and learn about civic tech."

On the evening I attended, there were probably 60 to 80 people who filled one small room and spilled out into the hall at a place called 1871 (which has a website so slick it makes your teeth ache) in the Merchandise Mart.

But Open Gov Hack Night is just one of several projects launched by a group called Open City. As they say on their website (not quite as slick...whew!), " We are a group that create apps with open data to improve transparency and understanding of our government."

Hmm. Now you're starting to intrigue me. Here's are some of the apps they've created:

  • Transit Future - An interactive map that explains the Transit Future, a campaign to get Cook County to build a dozen new rail lines by creating a dedicated local revenue stream.
  • Is there sewage in the Chicago River? - Every so often when Chicago gets a lot of rain or there's a significant snowmelt, the Chicagoland water management agencies pump excess wastewater into the lake and river in order to prevent flooding. This site notifies Chicagoans when this happens. (You might have heard me mention this app on my show a few weeks ago.)
  • Chicago Councilmatic - Are you curious about what legislation the Chicago City Council has been passing? Search, browse, subscribe and comment on everything the City Council has done since Jan 1st 2010.
  • 2nd City Zoning - 2nd City Zoning is an interactive map that lets you find out how your building is zoned, learn where to locate your business and explore zoning patterns throughout the city.
  • Crime in Chicago - Crime in Chicago is a data visualization that lets you explore crime trends in Chicago's 50 wards. It was built using open data about Chicago crimes released by the Chicago Police Department.

And there are more. One thing that many of these apps have in common is a guy named Derek Eder, meaning that he has been involved in the creation of more than a dozen open source civic apps. He is the owner of DataMade , an open government and open data web consulting company, a co-founder of Open City, and an organizer for Open Gov Hack Nights. Meaning that he's either somebody you immediately want on your team, or you might want to look over your shoulder to see if he's sneaking up behind you...or both.

Derek is on my show this morning to talk about all of the above.

By the way, when I showed up at Open Gov Hack Night in June, they were in the middle of the Center for Neighborhood Technology Urban Sustainability Apps competition. The winner turned out to be something called Chicago Green Score, which ranks city neighborhoods according to whether they have abundant green roofs, community gardens, farmers markets, parks and public transit and bike facilities, while lowering scores for environmental complaints.

Well, I decided to give it a try for my south Logan Square neighborhood. One of the things it tells you is whether there is a community garden in the vicinity, which adds green points to your neighborhood. However, when I checked the app, my own community garden, Green on McLean, was not listed. Hmm.

So I wrote to the folks at Chicago Green Score to tell them of this problem. I heard back from one of the developers, Tom Greenhaw, who apologized for the omission. He said that an app can only be as good as the data base from which is working, which makes perfect sense.

I invited him to be on the show this morning with Derek but he was unavailable. I suspect that he and I will be chatting on the air in the future.

 

July 20, 2014

The Attack of the Killer Asparagus Summer 2014 Tour Continues!

Join Mike at the Sugar Beet Co-op Edible Garden Tour next week

Now that my first book, Attack of the Killer Asparagus and other lessons not learned in the garden has been launched, you're going to have the opportunity to see a little more of me out and about the Chicago area. Hey, these things don't sell themselves, ya know!.

First, another reminder that a very special book launch party (we can keep these things going for months, the way I see it) is planned for Thursday, July 31 at Uncommon Ground Restaurant on Devon Avenue in Chicago. Thanks to owners Helen and Michael Cameron, there will be a book signing complete with snacks (and a cash bar, for those of you who can't face my writing without some alcoholic backup), a tour of the world famous organic rooftop farm, and even a 10% discount for folks who want to stick around for dinner (I'll be on of them).

You will need to RSVP for the event, and until it is listed on the Uncommong Ground site, you can write to me at mike@mikenowak.net and I'll make sure you get a seat.

Meanwhile, if you want to order a book for yourself, log on to Around the Block Press. The book is available via all of the usual online suspects, or you can special order it at your favorite bookstore. And would it kill you to give Attack of the Killer Asparagus a Like on Facebook?

But before that I'm taking a big box o' books to Oak Park next Saturday, July 26 from 9:30 a.m. to noon to be part of the 3rd annual Sugar Beet Edible Garden Tour. I'll be hanging out in the mother ship, the Sugar Beet Co-op, at 812 W. Madison in Oak Park.

The tour actually happens between 10 am and 3 pm, and the starting location is The Sugar Beet Co-op. The walk features edible gardens in Oak Park, Forest Park, River Forest and Austin. These private gardens are all about growing food and you might even pick up a few tips about how it's done in urban and near-urban yards, including the Forest Park Community garden, started by Jessica Rinks (a/k/a @SnappyJDog on Twitter), my buddy from Purple Leaf Farms, a wonderful advertiser on The Mike Nowak Show.

Other highlights include:

● Back by popular demand: The Ioder Goat Farm housed in a backyard garage in the Austin neighborhood, Chicago
● Examples of successful community gardens including Wonderworks Childrens Museum, The Longfellow Family Garden Club Garden, the Forest Park Community Garden and the Dominican Priory Garden
● A private home in North Oak Park that completely converted their front and back yard into an orchard and vegetable garden
● A private home in South Oak Park with a children's garden including a cucumber teepee

Cycling from garden to garden is encouraged. Kids are FREE, but please register them so we can get a headcount. And leave the dogs at home, please. Come by on the day of the event and sign up for a family lifetime membership to the Sugar Beet Co-op and your tickets to the tour are free! Otherwise, general admission is $12 and Co-op members get in for $10. They're warning folks that tickets are limited, so you might want to get yours in advance by going to Brown Paper Tickets.

While I'm on the subject, a few words about the Sugar Beet Co-op. They are self-described as A Community Owned Grocery Store, and right now they're raising the captial to launch as a member-owned, full-service business in early 2015. What does that mean? It means that The Co-op will carry locally and sustainably grown organic foods, when possible, and be a “one stop shop” for high quality foods all year round. By the way, membership is open to everyone and you can find out more about it here.

According to the group, "all of the profit will go back into The Co-op and, when possible, to its members. That means our grocery dollars stay in our communities to help support local businesses and farmers." In addition, Sugar Beet is working to make the building LEED certified, employing geothermal heating, and working with its vendors to reduce packaging as much as possible.

Cheryl Muñoz, Founder & Project Lead for The Sugar Beet Co-op, joins me In the Greenroom this morning to talk about a bright future for this venture.

Chicago Market wants 1000 owners in 100 days

While Sugar Beet Co-op is happening on the west side, a similar project is unfolding on Chicago's north side. It's called Chicago Market, and it sounds remarkably similar to what's happening in Oak Park:

Chicago Market will be a big, bright, beautiful community-owned grocery store featuring local, sustainably farmed, organic produce, meat and dairy products, as well as all of the other staples you'd expect from your market -- dry goods, bulk foods, frozen foods, wine, beer and liquor. We'll have a butcher shop, delicious prepared foods and fresh-baked goods. Chicago Market will be a community hub where shoppers can enjoy the juice and coffee bar while attending workshops, classes, meetings and performances.

Chicago Market will provide farm-to-table transparency about food, its origins and its processes. It will educate its community about nutrition, ingredient sourcing and methods of food production. The Market will support sustainability and integrity in all areas, including environmental stewardship, fair labor practices and cooperative principles.

In this case, however, Chicago Market is looking for what they call "owners," which might just be another word for "members." They are hoping to entice 1,000 people to become owners in the 100-day period that started on June 15 of this year, something they're calling their #1000in100 campaign.

Chicago Market will be open to everyone, though owners will have some perks. Again, like at Sugar Beet Co-op, members will have a say in how the business is run. They will also receive some direct benefits--

An annual patronage refund of co-op profits based on each owner's spending.
Owner-only sales & specials.
Owner discounts on classes, workshops & special events.
An opportunity to serve on the Board of Directors, which will be responsible for hiring the general manager and steering the strategic direction of the co-op.
A vote in choosing the Board of Directors.

--as well as Indirect benefits:

Giving great-paying jobs with benefits.
Giving support to our local farmers.
Giving the Earth a break through sustainable growing.
Giving your community a wonderful place to shop, an eclectic meeting spot, and an educational hub to learn about local, sustainable food.

Gregory Berlowitz is a founder and is also on the steering committee for Chicago Market. He was formerly an environmental attorney for two Chicago law firms, and a waiter at Chicago restaurants such as Harvest on Huron, Everest, and Blackbird. Currently, he is the vice-chair for the Food Law Committee of the Chicago Bar Association, sits on the Procurement Committee for the CPS School Parent Food Advisory Committee, and is part of the advisory council and leadership group for Ruby Garden in Schreiber Park. Since he moved to Chicago almost two decades ago, he says he has seen the need for a different kind of food business:

I am an Owner of Chicago Market because I believe in the power of democratic organizations to solve community problems such as access, quality and transparency. I believe that we need more information, not less. Chicago Market will help us connect with the sources of our food, with the people who grow our food, and with the huge community of people around us: people who care about health and nutrition, who support local farmers through markets and CSAs, and who buy organic dairy, meat, fruits and vegetables for their families and children.

I believe cooperative development is the right path to local food success because it is dedicated to the Triple Bottom Line: people, planet, and profit. This means that Chicago Market will place premiums equally on Owner satisfaction, farmer support, and employee fairness, environmental stewardship, and quality and professionalism.

One of the people he has convinced is Ina Pinkney. You might recognize the name if you ever had a meal at the iconic Ina's on Randolph in the Market District, where she was chef/owner. In fact, her website is breakfastqueen.com and, having had several breakfasts at Ina's, I agree with that choice. However, note that I said "had" a meal at Ina's. Unfortunately for all of us, that restaurant closed at the end of 2013, mainly because Ina has had some chronic health problems.

But Ina leaves behind an enviable career, including her special order bakery called The Dessert Kitchen, which she opened in 1980, before starting Ina's in 1991. She is a sought after judge at cooking competitions such as the National Beef Cook-Off, filmed for the Food Network. In 2014, Ina was awarded the Golden Whisk Award from the Women Chefs and Restaurateurs Organization for excellence in
the kitchen, and was honored by the Women’s Foodservice Forum as
a ‘Woman Making Her Mark’.

If that isn't enough, she is also the author of Taste Memories and was a founding member of the Green Chicago Restaurant Coalition.

So why did she decide to become an owner of Chicago Market? Well, that's why she is on the show this morning with Gregory Berlowitz. I'm looking forward to the conversation.

Rick Moskovitz battles mosquitoes at the Stihl Tour des Trees

It's been a pretty rainy 2014 (so far), which means that everybody's favorite spoiler of all outdoor activities--mosquitoes--are a big part of this summer's conversations. Which means that it's time to bring back the, uh, unconventional Rick Moskovitz, proprietor of A Plus Pest Control, Inc., and its sister operation, Plus Natural Enzymes.

It just so happens that Rick showed up at the book launch party for Attack of the Killer Asparagus (did I tell you that I've written a book?) at Women & Children First Bookstore the other week. Another friend of the show was there--Mary DiCarlo, Fund Development Specialist for the Tree Fund, which raises a lot of its money throught the annual Stihl Tour des Trees. You might recall that in 2010, the launch of the Tour des Trees rally happened with a special broadcast of The Mike Nowak Show from Millennium Park, where tree farmer and keyboardist Chuck Leavell from some band called The Rolling Stones entertained the crowd.

This year, the Stihl Tour des Trees is more or less back in the area, starting its 583-mile ride in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, heading west to Madison, up to Stevens Point, east to Green Bay, jogging up to Sturgeon Bay and back down Lake Michigan to Brew City.

And one of the things the bicycle riders are going to encounter is...you guessed it--mosquitoes!

Which is why I turned to Rick Moskovitz, who, with his wife Marsha, has been practicing environmentally safe pest control practices since 1979. As he explained in an article in Illinois Homes:

In the field, my technicians have developed our IPM (Integrated Pest Management) philosophy. This simply means, inspect first, formulate a plan of action and then treat. We might tell a customer to seal a hole or fix a screen on a window. When pesticides are necessary, where we can, we use natural products, including our own Plus Natural Enzymes line. When we need to use regular pesticides, we use the safest and most effective products. We use natural products where we can in all of our service, ants, cockroaches, fleas, flies, bees & wasps, etc. and even bedbugs.

One of the natural products he introduced me to is Cedar Choice Mosquito Repellent, which can be used for both people and pets. Interestingly, it is derived from the oil of Juniperus virginiana, commonly known as Eastern Red-cedar or sometimes just Red Cedar, which is the common juniper that you find along roadways and in fields all over the Midwest. Just think of birds eating juniper berries and then pooping them at will and you'll get an idea of how ubiquitous this plant is. In fact, one of those plants landed in my back yard. Hmm, I wonder if I can create my own cedar mosquito repellent?

The important point is that is doesn't contain DEET, a chemical that was developed by the Army in 1946 and approved for the general public in 1957. While the US EPA is finalizing its 2014 Review and has deemed it safe:

EPA continues to believe that the normal use of DEET does not present a health concern to the general population, including children. As always, consumers are advised to read and follow label directions in using any pesticide product, including insect repellents. Currently registered uses of DEET are also not expected to result in adverse effects for listed and non-listed endangered species, or critical habitat. As such, EPA concludes “no effect” for listed species and no adverse modification of designated critical habitat for all currently registered uses of DEET.

However, DEET can result in adverse effects, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Rick also deals with ants and bedbugs, and will be giving a talk called Safe Prevention and Eradication of Persistent Pests on Saturday, August 9 at the Chicago Center for Green Technology (CCGT).

Rick and Mary are both on the show this morning. Rick has threated to bring his ukulele, so I'm not sure exactly what to expect. I guess you'll have to tune in to find out what happens.

July 13, 2014

Attack of the Killer Asparagus is now on sale!

As you can see from the photo on the left, the launch of my first book, Attack of the Killer Asparagus and other lessons not learned in the garden at Women & Children First Bookstore in Andersonville was what I would modestly call a rousing success.

My thanks to the great staff at Women & Children First, my illustrator Allyson Hunter, my publisher (and partner) Kathleen Thompson, and all the great folks who stopped by to celebrate the occasion. As I mentioned last week, the book has taken me only eleven years to complete. Of course, that's because it's a compliation of columns that I have been writing for Chicagoland Gardening Magazine for more than eleven years. Actually, this volume represents roughly the first six years.

And if you missed this event, fear not. We have an even bigger soiree planned for Thursday, July 31 at Uncommon Ground Restaurant on Devon Avenue in Chicago. Thanks to owners Helen and Michael Cameron, there will be a book signing complete with snacks (and a cash bar, for those of you who can't face my writing without some alcoholic backup), a tour of the world famous organic rooftop farm, and even a 10% discount for folks who want to stick around for dinner (I'll be on of them).

You will need to RSVP for the event, and until it is listed on the Uncommong Ground site, you can write to me at mike@mikenowak.net and I'll make sure you get a seat.

Meanwhile, if you want to order a book for yourself, log on to Around the Block Press. The book is available via all of the usual online suspects, or you can special order it at your favorite bookstore. And, if you have a couple of spare seconds, why don't you give Attack of the Killer Asparagus a Like on Facebook?

Time for the Sheffield Garden Walk and Music Festival...

Where did the spring go? Oh, wait, I know--it was never here. Silly me. Nevertheless, summer is here, and with it, garden walks, including two iconic events in Chicago.

We'll start with the 46th Annual Sheffield Garden Walk & Music Festival on July 19 & 20. The action takes place at Sheffield and Webster, though, new for 2014, there's a music stage at Fullerton.

The event is sponsored by the Sheffield Neighborhood Association (SNA), a non-for-profit community organization and is often called the "Summer's Best Festival." That might be because it features self-guided tours of more than 100 Gardens, guided Architectural Tours, live entertainment by some of Chicago's and North America's finest bands, food and drink, and activities for children at the Kids' Corner.

Of course, many people show up for the music, so here's the list of acts:

Main Stage

Saturday
6:00 p.m. - Workout Music
7:20 p.m. - Meiko
8:45 p.m. - ZZ Ward

Sunday
6:30 p.m. - The Samples
8:30 p.m. - Freddy Jones Band

Fullerton Stage (New Stage in 2014)

Saturday
12:15 p.m. - Hello Weekend
2:15 p.m. - The Personnel (2 sets)
6:10 p.m. - Afro Zep
8:00 p.m. - Trippin Billies

Sunday
12:15 p.m. - Crush on Radio
2:15 p.m. - Your Villain, My Hero (2 sets)
6:10 p.m. - Catfight
8:00 p.m. - Wedding Banned

Proceeds from this volunteer-managed festival provide continued support for neighborhood schools, local institutions, and community projects. In addition, proceeds are allocated to SNA's Award-Winning Beautification Program, a plan to maintain Sheffield as the Garden District of Chicago.

As usual, it's one of the cheapest dates in town. The donation is $7, which bumps up to $10 after 3pm. This just might be the best bargain in America.

And also, as usual, former Chicago Gardener of the Year (back in the Stone Age, aka the Daley Administration, when the City of Chicago actually cared about gardeners) Laury Lewis joins me in studio to preview the fun and music of the festival and to actually answer some gardening questions. You can also find the Sheffield Garden Walk and Music Festival on Facebook.

...and the 56th Dearborn Garden Walk

As you can see above, the Sheffield Garden Walk, etc. is celebrating its 46th anniversary. But there's another garden walk that is ten years old than that, and it is the Dearborn Garden Walk, presented by the North Dearborn Association. In fact, this event, which consists of a self-guided walking tour of many hidden gardens throughout Chicago's Near North and Gold Coast neighborhoods, is considered to be one of the country's oldest garden walks.

The 56th version of this historic (am I allowed to use that word?) event is called Bein' Green, and I, for one, am all in favor of bein' green. Just sayin'.

The garden walk goes from 12pm to 5pm on Sunday, July 20. For a $30 ticket ($35 if you pay at the gate) you get a Dearborn Garden Walk program with a map for a self-guided tour of the gardens, live jazz and classical music in select gardens, and guided architectural walking tours of historic Dearborn Parkway.

On this tour, you'll experience a variety of private rear gardens ranging from minimalist to classic small gardens and patio/terrace designs; each showcasing the most creative use of outdoor space in an urban setting. Each year, some of Chicago's most talented designers transform a handful of backyard spaces into amazing outdoor entertainment and living areas utilizing a variety of outdoor tables, chairs, colorful cushions, linens, floral decorations, and other accessories including fine china, crystal, and flatware.

In addition to the self-guided walking tour and garden vignettes, visitors can participate in an hour-long, educational sidewalk guided tour of historic Dearborn Parkway that highlights the outstanding architectural facades in the neighborhood.

I'm pleased to have Greg Hodapp and Woody Olsen, who are the garden walk chairs, back on the show this morning to talk about this great Chicago event.

 

July 6, 2014

Mike launches Attack of the Killer Asparagus with a book party!

There's something pretty satisfying about pulling up to the printer and loading up the vehicle with several boxes full of your first book. I highly recommend it--the experience, I mean. That's what I did on Thursday of this past week with my honey (and publisher) Kathleen Thompson.

As I've been telling folks, my book, Attack of the Killer Asparagus and other lessons not learned in the garden, has been only eleven years in the making. While that's technically true, the reason is that the book is a compliation of columns that I have been writing for Chicagoland Gardening Magazine for that time. In this book, we took the best of the first six years or so...which means, I guess, that there will be a Volume II in my future. I suppose it depends on how well Volume I does. One thing at a time.

I am honored to say that my first launch event is being held at one of the great Chicago independent book stores--Women & Children First at 5233 N. Clark St in Andersonville. You can sign up at the Attack of the Killer Asparagus Book Launch on Facebook to be part of the fun. My fabulous illustrator, Allyson Hunter, will be there, too, and as the event page states, "Wine, food, and Mike reading from his new book. What more could you want? How about Mike and Allyson Hunter signing books?"

Kathleen joins me on the program this morning to talk more about the book. By the way, though I would prefer that you support Around the Block Press, the book is available via all of the usual online suspects, or you can special order it at your favorite bookstore..

Talking petcoke and summer climate hazards with Josh Mogerman

A not-so-funny thing happened recently on the way to getting rid of the petcoke piles on the southeast side of Chicago--it didn't happen. Sorry, that's not a very funny punch line. It just happens to be true. Mayor Rahm Emanuel City Council have talked tough, only to ultimately back down. Despite the efforts of groups like the Southeast Environmental Task Force (SETF) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), this by-product of the tar-sands oil refining process continues to be a hazard for the homes, schools, businesses and, of course, people in its wind-blown path.

With that in mind, here's a holiday greeting from the SETF:

“While Chicagoans prepare to grill for the 4th of July, they should remember folks on the Southeast Side who don't feel safe having backyard barbecues in the shadow of massive mounds of petcoke in their neighborhoods. Air quality data and a Notice of Violation from the EPA against the biggest petcoke pilers underscore that there is cause for concern.”

Perhaps because the folks in that part of Chicago have had to deal with environmental insults for so long, they just don't give up. Josh Mogerman from NRDC reported just the other week that newly installed air pollution monitors at the Koch Industries' KCBX facility has already led to the Environmental Protection Agency to accuse KCBX of violating the federal Clean Air Act.

Mogerman writes that the EPA's move is just a first step:

The piles should be gone… But until they are moved, there are some additional commonsense tools that need to be put in place quickly, including:

  • Public access to real time data from the air monitors and weather stations properly installed at and around the KCBX sites (so the community has more current information on conditions that affect them).
  • More air monitors (right now they are positioned at the corners of the KCBX properties, which are huge, so additional monitoring should be required).
  • Monitoring and reporting of the concentrations of smaller dust particles (PM 2.5 and smaller), which are more easily carried by wind and air currents, and even more damaging to public health because they lodge deep in the lungs.

Will that happen? It's hard to say. But it's discouraging to hear from Josh that

NRDC and the Southeast Environmental Task Force staffers will be spending part of the holiday sorting through a raft of variance requests that have come in from companies in the area seeking exceptions to the City of Chicago's regulations on handling and storage of petcoke and coal.

Hubboy. Josh Mogerman joins me on the show this morning to talk about this issue. And while he's here, he'll also chat about something the the NRDC sent out earlier in the week, titled, 8 Things We Hate About Summer are Getting Worse with Climate Change...And What We Can Do About Them. Among the ways that summers are getting more difficult to deal with:

1. Heat waves
2. Bad air alert days
3. Tick and mosquitoes
4. Poison Ivy
5. Sneezing and wheezing
6. Food-borne illness
7. Dangerous swimming conditions
8. Ruined visits to national landmarks and parks

Fun! As if dealing with neighborhood fireworks wasn't bad enough. I can hardly wait!

And speaking of climate change, remember those storms that rolled through here last week and flooded a bunch of our basements? The NRDC's Henry Henderson writes that all of that water highlights the need for an updated strategy for dealing with our changing weather.

I also received a newsletter from Metropolitan Water Reclamation District (MWRD) Commissioner (and friend of the show) Debra Shore, with the headline, Everything is to Blame. The piece attempted to explain why things were so bad on Monday evening. However, a couple of days later, she followed up with a newsletter called It Was Worse Than I Thought. Unfortunately, I don't a have a link to that, but here's partly what she wrote:

The newsletter I sent on Tuesday explaining what happened during the major storm of June 30-July 1 didn't tell the whole story. It was worse than I thought. Thanks to some of the responses I received, I realized that I had failed to account for the intensity of the storm. I had been provided with information about the duration of the rainstorm, but not about its intensity and there were several additional factors that added to the drama and damage this storm caused.

Permit me, then, to add to the account.

First, it's important to note that the ground was already saturated because there were really three storm events in one day- two rainstorms of lesser intensity and then a big unleashing just before 10 p.m. Moreover, evaporation was occurring at about half its normal rate, meaning the ground was staying saturated longer. When the ground is saturated with water and can't absorb any more, this adds to runoff and loads more water into the sewers through leaking pipes and illegal connections (see "infiltration and inflow").

Second, I had been thinking that some places, such as Wilmette, received more than three inches of rain over the six hour duration of the storm. But the reality was different. I called my friend and meterologist Rick DiMaio who was able to provide me with more specific rain data.

Around 10 p.m., rain fell on O'Hare Airport at a rate of nearly two inches per hour. Around 10:30 p.m., Midway Airport was hit with a rainfall rate of 2.5 inches per hour. In less than two hours some areas received up to four inches of rain. No wonder the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) considered Cook County to be at "moderate" risk of severe weather-an understatement, to say the least.

When you consider intensity, this storm became the equivalent of a fifty-year storm in some places. Think of it this way: If you have a bucket full of water and you attempt to empty it into a gallon milk jug, you can pour it slowly and gradually fill the jug. But if you dump most of the bucket at once, it will completely overwhelm the milk jug and spill all over the place. Anyone watching that storm Monday night saw the skies dumping buckets and buckets of water on us. It was incredible -- and alarming.

Here's another fascinating fact: The percent of normal rainfall in some parts of northern Cook County between June 25 and July 2 was between 500 and 600 percent above normal.

So the two factors I neglected to include in my first report that made this storm worse than I had originally thought were the saturated ground and the intensity of the rainfall.

It's a good thing she contacted meteorologist for the show Rick DiMaio. I told you he was the best in the city!

Making the highly toxic glyphosate (Roundup) even worse

Last week, I got involved in brief conversation with a listener about whether it was safe to plant vegetables in his yard several years after chemicals had been used nearby. Unfortunately, the caller didn't know exactly which chemical(s) might have been used. But we both suspected that it might be glyphosate, the active ingredient in the weed-killer Roundup.

We all know Roundup. We see ads for it on TV all of the time--especially in the commercials with guys (it's always guys) packing it like firearms and always shooting from the hip. (Don't get me started.) The product was introduced in the 1970s and as of 2013, it was the world's largest selling herbicide, with about 100 million pounds being applied to U.S. farms and lawns alone each year, according to the EPA. Why? According to this Wikipedia article, "Glyphosate has been called by experts in herbicides 'virtually ideal' due to its broad spectrum and low toxicity compared with other herbicides."

Beyond Pesticides says that glyphosate is "moderately persistent" in soils, with an average half life of 47 days. However, it has been detected at 174 days. That's why I told the listener that I thought it would be safe to plant. I still think that, though I decided to do a little more research on glyphosate.

Here's how a Beyond Pesticides article about glyphosate describes the chemical.

Despite widespread use of the weed killer glyphosate, and the prevalent myth that it is harmless, this pesticide is tied to acute human health effects and linked to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It is found in two Monsanto products, available over the counter, Roundup TM and Rodeo TM , making glyphosate one of the most widely used and well-known herbicides on the market. If there is one pesticide that represents the “fast-food,” quick-fix generation, glyphosate would likely be it – the McPesticide of toxic chemicals.

It continues:

Some of the most widespread uses of glyphosate that have been attracting public attention include use in invasive weed management and home gardening. The increase of glyphosate use in these areas is directly tied to the larger problem of poor land management, including over grazing, over development, soil compaction and other stressors. Glyphosate has replaced ecologically sound and sustainable cultural practices such as green-mulching, and preventive maintenance such as aeration and dethatching.

But they're just getting started, especially when they get to the subject of so-called "inert" ingredients.

A letter published in the Feburary 6, 1988 Lancet (page 299) cited a Japanese report of 56 cases of toxic exposure to Roundup TM between June, 1984 and March, 1986. The individuals had ingested the pesticide, and experienced a range of adverse effects to their respiratory, cardovascular, and central nervous systems; nine patients died. An analysis of the findings identified one of the so-called “inert ingredients” (inerts) in the formulation, polyoxyethyleneamine (POEA), as the cause of harm. POEA is a surfactant, a chemical added to help glyphosate work its way into the plant tissue. Roundup TM contains 15% POEA.

All pesticide formulations are actually toxic soups, a mixture of the active ingredient (the registered pesticide) with a variety of other chemicals such as solvents, surfactants (like POEA), and emulsifiers – the inerts. Federal law classifies inerts as trade secrets and pesticide manufactures are not required to list inert ingredients on the pesticide label. Inerts, which can make up to as much as 99% of a pesticide formulation, are often highly toxic chemicals that can be more hazardous then the active ingredient.

Inerts known to be included in glyphosate products include ammonium sulfate, benziothiazolone, 3-iodo-2-propynl butylcarbamate (IPBC), isobutane, methyl pyrrolidinone, pelargonic acid, sodium sulfite, sorbic acid, and isopropylamine. All of these chemicals are associated with skin irritation, gastric and respiratory problems.

Are ya with me so far? Okay, just one more paragraph from that entry, which I suggest you read for yourself in full.

Glyphosate use directly impacts a variety of nontarget animals including insects, earthworms, and fish, and indirectly impacts birds and small mammals. A study conducted by the International Organization for Biological Control found that exposure to Roundup TM killed over 50 percent of three species of beneficial insects – a parasitoid wasp, a lacewing and a ladybug. Repeated applications of glyphosate significantly affected the growth and survival of earthworms. Studies have also shown that glyphosate, and in particular the inert ingredients in the formulation of Roundup TM are acutely toxic to fish.

Going back to the paragraphs above about "inert" chemicals added to pesticides, you should be aware that the crazy, left-wing Scientific American has written about their concerns with Roundup. In an article titled Weed-Whacking Herbicide Proves Deadly to Human Cells, they also raise disturbing questions about POEA:

Used in yards, farms and parks throughout the world, Roundup has long been a top-selling weed killer. But now researchers have found that one of Roundup's inert ingredients can kill human cells, particularly embryonic, placental and umbilical cord cells.

The new findings intensify a debate about so-called “inerts” — the solvents, preservatives, surfactants and other substances that manufacturers add to pesticides. Nearly 4,000 inert ingredients are approved for use by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Remember, "inert" ingredients are the ones that aren't "active." They're supposed to be the background to the chemicals that are doing the heavy lifting. However, some inert ingredients were formerly classified as active ingredients. How did they get demoted? Are they sulking? Don't forget that federal says that you don't even have the right to know what these chemicals are!

But wait. It gets worse.

A new study from the U.S. Geological Survey, accepted for publication online ahead of print in the journal Enviromental Toxicology and Chemistry , titled, "Pesticides in Mississippi air and rain: A comparison between 1995 and 2007," reveals that Roundup herbicide (aka glyphosate) and its still-toxic degradation byproduct AMPA were found in over 75% of the air and rain samples tested from Mississippi in 2007.  

I decided that I needed a little help with this subject. So I called upon resource ecologist, environmental toxicologist and science educator at Northern Illinois University and the University of Wisconsin, David J. Zaber, to help out. The problem is, he pointed out something that made me cringe even more, namely, this story from the Huffington Post:

As a federal decision looms over whether to approve Dow AgroSciences' proposed Enlist Duo herbicide -- a mix of 2,4-D and glyphosate, the main ingredient in Monsanto's Roundup weedkiller -- challenges from critics across the country have poured in. And children's health advocates are among the most vocal.

More than half a million people shared their thoughts before the EPA closed its public comment period on Monday. Among the submissions was a letter signed by 35 doctors, scientists and researchers, which highlighted human health risks they suggested had been overlooked by the agency -- especially for "young children in residential communities, schools, and daycare centers near the 2,4-D-sprayed fields."

On Wednesday, an environmental nonprofit released a report , including an interactive map , that warns the new weed-killing recipe may soon be sprayed on corn and soy fields within a thousand feet of more than 18,000 U.S. schools. Around 5,600 schools are within 200 feet of fields that could potentially be sprayed, according to the Environmental Working Group's new analysis. The EPA's proposed approval of the double herbicide calls for a 200-foot buffer zone around locations where it is sprayed.

In the words of John Boehner, are you kiddin' me?!

In case you don't know what 2,4-D is, that's the stuff that is often put into products called "weed n' feed" (cute, huh?), which many of you use on your lawns. Here's what the National Pesticide Information Center has to say about the toxicity of 2,4-D:

  • Dogs fed 2,4-D exhibited myotonia, vomiting, and weakness; dogs are more sensitive to chlorophenoxy acid herbicides • than other animals. In addition, dogs and cats have displayed inappetance, anorexia, ataxia, salivation, diarrhea, lethargy, and convulsions following exposure to 2,4-D, which may include eating treated grass although the potential for this is unclear. Rats demonstrated incoordination, central nervous system depression and muscular weakness following acute oral dosing. Biochemical analysis of rat tissues suggested hepatic and muscle damage following acute, subchronic, and chronic oral exposures.

If you're a human--and many of you are--here are the symptoms you can expect:

Symptoms of acute oral exposure to 2,4-D include vomiting, diarrhea, headache, confusion, aggressive or bizarre behavior. A peculiar odor is sometimes noted on the breath. Skeletal muscle injury and renal failure may also occur. Systemic toxicity is mainly associated with suicide attempts.

And this is the stuff that they want to combine with glyphosate. No wonder half a million people want this science experiment on us and our food to stop. And I haven't even gotten into how glyphosate is creating "superweeds" in our farm fields. Here's how Food & Water Watch describe these beasts:

Prior to the use of glyphosate-tolerant crops (commonly known as Monsanto's Roundup Ready brand), glyphosate-resistant superweeds didn't exist. Although there was a short-lived decrease in the use of herbicides when GE crops were first introduced, the last ten years have seen a major spike in use. The problem is, as more glyphosate is used, the faster weeds develop a resistance and then more and more glyphosate is needed to kill off persistent weeds. This cycle continues every growing season leaving farmers reporting weeds that tower over them and reach heights upwards of eight feet .

Okay, enough! I'm not going to be able to sleep tonight as it is. I welcome David J. Zaber to the show this morning to help shed more light on this question.

 

June 29, 2014

Mike Stephen is doing radio from "Outside the Loop"

Long, long ago in a distant galaxy, I worked at a place called Gargantua Radio. That's not its real name, but if I told you that, until next season they were associated with a certain north side semi-professional baseball team in Chicago, I think you would know what I was talking about.

One of the people I worked with there was a guy named Mike Stephen. I can't remember exactly what he did there, but I think he was a show producer. He was very smart and very nice and it didn't suprise me a bit when he started his own radio show at Loyola University's WLUW called Outside the Loop RADIO, "Chicago's Almost Above-Ground Audio Magazine," as it is described on their site. He partner was another buddy of mine, Andy Herrmann, who was, for awhile, the producer of my show at Gargantua.

He did that in 2006, a full two years before I wandered over to Chicago's Progressive Talk. Since then, Andy has moved on to other dreams, and Mike has produced more than 400 shows, won a Newcity Award for Best Local Podcast, reported on activism, books, the arts, education, movies, money and much more, including environmental issues like sustainability and urban gardening. In fact, I've been on the show at least a couple of times, usually talking about recycling or gardening.

Turnabout is fair play, so I thought it was time to have him on my program, so we could do the "Mike and Mike in the Morning" thing. He's serving as kind of a co-host today, so make him feel welcome. He's earned it.

In the Green Room with a couple of friends of the show

I love talking gardening and environmental matters with people, whether they listen to the show on the radio or link to the podcast or read these posts on my website or follow me on Facebook or Twitter.

This week I received a couple emails that I want to share with you here and on the radio. The first is from Arleen Gould, who I think caught my show segment last year with Joel Karsten, who wrote a book called Straw Bale Gardens: The Breakthrough Method for Growing Vegetables Anywhere, Earlier and with No Weeding. This is what she wrote:

Last year I told you I purchased 8 bales for planting this spring. I left them in the area I was going to use them, my original garden area. I seasoned them with some very cheap fertilizer for 2 weeks and then I put in 12 tomatoes, 3 groupings of cukes, one eggplant for the fun of it, and celery, never had any luck growing celery before but this seems to be working and 3 red pepper plants.

Well the tomatoes are going balls of fire. I realize tomatoes are prolific growers but never have I seen anything like this before. Some of those 4 inch plants are now almost 24” high and have either flowers or fruit growing already. Peppers have flowers and fruit also. The cukes are throwing off the tentacles (what are they really called I have no idea) and I need to get the trellis set for them. And best of all NO Weeds! Well maybe just a few but they were easy to get rid of.

I will send more pics as the season goes on, but I really do like this.

If you look at the column on the left, you can see the photos she sent. And I thought, if somebody is going to listen to the show and actually do something that was suggested here, why not talk to them? Thus, Arleen joins me on the program this morning.

The other email I received is pretty remarkable, as you will see. It is from a guy named Dan Obermaier, and I'll just let him speak for himself:

Hi Mike,

Yours is one of my four can't-miss shows: Mad Men, Boardwalk Empire, Mighty House & The Mike Nowak Show. You're the best, and thank you for it.

I listen to your podcast because Sundays are for gardening. So I'm a couple weeks behind. But you recently mentioned perhaps starting a segment on listeners' gardens. I propose the name "Gardens You Should Know" and would like to tell you about mine.

It's in unincorporated Addison Township just across the Cook County line in DuPage. It's the area they call "Elmhurst-Bensenville" in car dealer commercials because it's between both but in neither. My yard backs up to a high-quality 115-acre wet Oak-Hickory woodland forest preserve. It's one of the few slivers left of a vast forest which once covered much of Bensenville, Wood Dale & Itasca prior to settlement. The natives called it The Tioga & early settlers called it Dunklee's Grove.

I didn't know much about gardening when we bought here 15 years ago. But as I learned about the quality of these woods, their history and the efforts of volunteer restorationists, it was an easy decision to go native. I didn't want anything from our yard mucking up all the effort that has gone into the forest preserve. So from the beginning, I've planted only native trees, shrubs, wildflowers and grasses suited for a lowland savanna.

When we moved in our half-acre yard was pretty much a field except for a few beautiful mature native trees, a couple near-death apple trees, a line of old yews and randomly placed scraggly bulb flowers. I've been slowly deleting the non-natives and have planted two long hedgerows -- one red cedar and the other a mix of smooth sumac, indigo bush, highbush cranberry, nannyberry and chokecherry, with some wild senna sprinkled in. There are four native wildflower & grass plots. The largest is a 1500 sq. ft. strip between my lawn and the forest that had been solid buckthorn, poison ivy & garlic mustard. Now it's goldenrods, golden alexander, blue flag iris, assorted sedges, red-osier dogwood, mountain mint, queen of the prairie, foxglove, beardtongue, rosin weed, New England aster, hairy buttercup and the like. Under the largest oak -- a red oak -- is a patch of savanna plants including rye, woodland sunflower, trout lilly, great purple hyssop etc. Around the mailbox post are wild geranium, prairie dropseed and nodding onion. The newest plot wraps around our new patio and fountain (built using mostly recycled pavers). It's about 600 sq. ft. Including swamp milkweed, sweet black-eyed susan, side-oats gamma, wake robin, Ohio spiderwort, sensitive fern, dolls-eyes, bottlebrush grass, solomon's seal, blue-eyed grass and many more.

In this newest plot I've built a drip irrigation system fed by a huge underground cistern that captures most of the rainwater from the roof. Believe it or not, the roof collection system dates back to 1952, when our house was built. The original owner/builder wanted rainwater for bathing and laundry since the well water here is hard and rusty. At some point the rainwater plumbing was disconnected because -- as I learned from one of your guests a few years back -- such setups are against code. But the cistern was still there and now is back in use, watering native plants.

(A little bit more about the house. It's passive solar. Starting in the '30s but catching on more in the '40s and early '50s, solar was championed by several progressive Midwestern architects including Frank Lloyd Wright, (Madison) Fred Keck (Chicago) and Harris Armstrong (St. Louis). There even was a small experimental subdivision in Glenview built just before the war called "Sloan's Solar Park," featuring a house by Keck. My house was built as a DIY project but clearly is based on the work of Wright and Keck. I have a few period books about this subject, if you're interested in our region's role in the history of solar architecture. Of course, Mediterranean cultures have used passive solar for thousands of years, but that's yet another story.)

Back to the yard -- joining the mature native trees I've planted a number of trees including a burr oak that's shooting up like crazy, a red oak, several river birches and shagbark hickories, a linden, a green ash (before the Asian ash borer arrived), a redbud and a pagoda dogwood. All are thriving because they are where they want to be. Of course, I've had plenty of failures too including Witch Hazel, Hazelnut & many, many forbs & grasses.

At best, my yard looks like a rustic cottage garden, but to some it probably looks like a mess (as one neighbor has told me). I'm still a novice learning more every season. But the transformation has been pretty dramatic. My yard now is jumping, buzzing and swarming with pollinators, dragonflies, frogs, snakes, bats, hummingbirds, goldfinches, cardinals, woodpeckers and the usual pests -- deer, chipmunks, moles, raccoons and rabbits. They seem to appreciate that there aren't any pesticides or chemical fertilizers on or in the plants and soil. While mowing last Sunday I had to stop seven times to capture & relocate Western chorus frogs hopping in my path. Over time I hope to dig a retention/wildlife pond and replace most of the lawn with more native beds. I've begun experimenting with native perennial vegetables including ramps (wild leeks) and Jerusalem Artichoke.

I spent months reading the entire USDA plant index web site to determine what plants are native to DuPage County. That was back before you could filter the web site by location, with just a click. But my biggest frustration is that it's harder now than it was years ago to buy uncommon native plants from a retailer. All the local growers now are wholesale only, and the forest preserve sales always conflict with family and school events (for parents, May is the busiest month of the year). So most of my plant purchases now are on the web.

I'm not an expert, I'm not wealthy and I have been/am doing the work myself. I'm just some guy. It's been a long steep learning curve for me. But you should know that people are paying attention, and that we can do this. Native gardening is no harder than any other gardening -- you have to keep at it and learn as you go.

Sorry to bend your ear for so long. Thanks for reading. Your voice is key in the struggle against stupidity, inertia and greed. You are needed and appreciated.

Yoikes. I hardly know what to say...except that I'm going to send Dan some kind of prize just for doing what he has done.

If ever an email message has made me humble, that's the one.

Growing Cities is a cause and an award-winning film

I couple of years ago, two guys (and a few friends and colleagues) from Omaha decided to go on a field trip across the United States. Dan Susman and Andrew Monbouquette were in search of food and its production--specifically, the folks in this country who have created a new paradigm of what it means to grow food in the 21st Century. In their own words, they were looking for "men and women who are challenging the way this country grows and distributes its food, one vacant city lot, rooftop garden, and backyard chicken coop at a time."

Their jouney took them to San Francisco, Seattle, Chicago, Detroit, Boston, New York, Atlanta and other cities, where they discovered that, given a few basic conditions are met, food can be grown just about anywhere--from chemically compromised brownfields to rooftops to the ruins of urban glory to plains of concrete. Wherever there's a will, there's a way.

Oh, did I mention that they brought along film equipment and a crew and were out to create a documentary called Growing Cities? And that, when they were finished and started showing the film, they started winning all kinds of awards? And that now they have a chance to get it shown on PBS if they can raise thirty thousand dollars in their Kickstarter campaign?

I guess I just did.

Just so you know, I've seen the film and it's pretty slick. I mean that in a good way, as in "very professional." It also features interviews with a number of people who have been on my own show, including Harry Rhodes from Growing Home and Ken Dunn from City Farm and the Resource Center.

It's also part of an expanding canon of documentaries about food issues in this country. You can find whole lists of films about the various issues surrounding food, its growth and its production. Here are just a few, though this list is by no means comprehenive. Some have been around for almost a decade, some have been released in the past couple of years.

Director/Producer Dan Susman of Growing Cities joins me on the phone this morning to talk about moving his documentary to the next level.

 

June 22, 2014

The ACGA returns to its Chicago roots for its 35th Anniversary

In 1979, a group of gardeners, looking to promote commmunity gardening and greening across the United States and Canada, decided to pool their resources and create the American Community Gardening Association (ACGA) ...and it happened right here in Chicago.

Beginning on Thursday, August 7, the ACGA returns to the Windy City for its 35th Anniversary Conference. Among the highlights of this "community fest":

  • Lost and Found :  Rescuing Land and Food For Communities In Need
    Thursday, August 7. A visit to one of my favorite community gardens in Chicago--KAM Isaiah Israel in the Hyde Park Neighborhood, which has grown thousands of pounds of produce to donate to nearby churches and food pantries. There will be a walk through the gardens, along with a panel discussion on food donation featuring a grower, a community health specialist, a recipient and a leader in the faith-based community.
  • Welcome Dinner
    Thursday, August 7. Stick around at KAMII, where conference attendees will meet to network and enjoy a great locally sourced vegetarian meal provided by Irv & Shelly's Fresh Picks . Meet the ACGA board, host committee, keynote speakers and other presenters at this mixer.
  • Keynote Presentations and Workshops
    Friday, August 8 & Saturday, August 9. Keynote addresses by Roger Hart, Professor of the Ph.D. Psychology and Earth and Environmental Sciences Programs of the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and by Marianne E. Krasny, Professor and Director of the Civic Ecology Lab in the Department of Natural Resources at Cornell University.

    Workshops include 40 presentations and roundtables, including:

Advocacy and Social Justice
Community Garden Management
Conservation & Green Infrastructure
Food Gardens & Urban Farms
Gardens & Culture
Youth & School Programs
Urban Animals & Others

And, of course, there's plenty of schmoozing and dishing, as there is at any conference. In the studio this morning, I'm please to have ACGA board member LaManda Joy, who is the driving force behind the Peterson Garden Project and considered the Best Urban Farmer in Chicago. She just finished writing Fearless Food Gardening in Chicago for the PGP, and is already working on her next book, Start a Community Food Garden: The Essential Handbook, which will be published by Timber Press in December of this year. If I didn't love her so much, I would hate her for her success.

Joining us on the phone is ACGA keynote speaker Marianne E. Krasny, who is Director of the Civic Ecology Lab at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. With colleague Keith Tidball, she is co-author of Greening in the Red Zone, which she says was inspired in part by Kenny Helphand's book Defiant Gardens" Making Gardens in Wartime. A couple of ways of looking at community gardens, she says, is as resilience/response to disaster and disinvestment, and as one of multiple civic ecology practices.

It's a Sunday morning SOIL GEEK OUT!!

Don't look now, but the City of Chicago is about to overrun by soil scientists. From June 29 to July 2, the Warwick Allerton Hotel at 701 North Michigan in Chicago will be host to an event called the Soil in the City Conference: Enhancing Urban Soils for Living Landscapes and Healthy Communities. According to the official Soil In The City website, the event is a national conference organized by the USDA Research Committee W-2170 on Soil-Based Use of Residuals, Waste-water and Reclaimed Water. The conference theme is “restoring our available urban land and optimizing local resources, while protecting environmental and human health and enhancing socio-cultural dialogue.”

Uh...that's what you get when you get too many soil scientists in a room at the same time. Sometimes mulch gets referred to as "surface covers." Yikes.

And while I'm still trying to find out what a "USDA Research Committee W-2170" is and how to enhance "socio-cultural dialogue,", there's no doubt that the study of urban soils has become more important as more people grow their food in large metropolitan areas. In fact, the conference (full agenda here) is focusing on three things:

  • Urban Gardening
    Presentations will focus on characteristics of urban soils; improving quality/productivity of urban soils; pollutants (organic/inorganic) in residuals-amended urban soils; uptake of pollutants by food crops; food quality in urban environment; regulatory concerns and challenges facing urban farming; and environmental/economic/social benefits of incorporating residuals in urban farming.
  • Green Infrastructures
    Presentations will focus on integrating residuals into growth medium to improve long-term sustainability and performance of green infrastructures; cost/benefit analysis of common green infrastructures and environmental/societal benefits.
  • Greening Brownfields
    Presentations will focus on innovative approaches to manage pollutant bioavailability; use of residuals to mitigate contamination and enhance soil productivity; beneficial uses of stormwater and improvement of ecosystem services in residuals-amended urban soils.

But don't let phrases like "incorporating residuals" get in the way of getting down and dirty with soils. Sally Brown from the University of Washington, who is on the show this morning, is somebody who can speak English when it comes to what's under our feet (and tomatoes).

She introduced me to a website called Soils in the City, coincidentally ennough, which is part of a larger website, Discover Soils, which is put together by the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), which also has a blog called Soils Matter. If you have any interest at all in exploring soil-related issues, you could spend a few days exploring any of those sites. For instance, Soils in the City addresses questions like

How do I cultivate a community Garden?
What is a green roof?
How can green infratructure help my community?

and one that she penned herself, and which we would all love to know the answer to,

Is it safe to grow food in my yard?

In that article, Brown writes that urban soils "suffer more from neglect than from contamination. You can find contaminated soils in urban areas, but they are generally the exception rather than the rule." She obviously hasn't seen the soil test results from my yard, which showed that lead levels are rather high. Brown does say that if your soil is contaminated, lead is likely to be the culprit. Here's why:

Your soil is most likely to be contaminated with lead if you live next to a very busy, high traffic road that has existed for more than 40 years. Lead in exhaust from cars when leaded gasoline was still in use will have contaminated the soil.

Your soil is also more likely to be contaminated if you live in an older home (50+ years) that is painted. Lead paint may have chipped off your home and landed in the soil directly next to the house.

In other words, if you live in a brick house or in a newer house on a quiet street it’s highly unlikely that you have elevated lead in your soil. But if you live in an older home or near a busy street, your soil may have high lead.

By the way, Time Magazine identified leaded gasoline as one of the 50 Worst Inventions ever. And my house is a wood-frame structure that is around 125 years old and has been painted many, many times. Mystery solved, eh? But for those of us growing food, we want to know if that lead is going to end up on our plates, too. Brown writes:

It's hard to be exposed to lead by eating vegetables or fruits. Plants do not take up lead on purpose, because lead is not a plant nutrient. Plants may contain measurable amounts of lead, but this isn't because plants are actively taking up lead from soil, but because we're able to measure very low concentrations of lead in environmental samples.

Plant concentrations of lead are generally very low—in the range of parts per billion.

  • 1 part per million is the same as one penny in $10,000
  • 1 part per billion is the same as one penny in $10,000,000

Not only do plants take up minimal amounts of lead, but it's much harder for the body to absorb lead—even from food that contains it—on a full stomach in comparison to an empty stomach.

This is because an empty stomach is very acidic, which makes the lead in soil or food more soluble and more easily absorbed. A full stomach, in contrast, is not acidic and so the lead will be much less soluble. In addition, there are many other elements that the body needs, including iron, zinc, and calcium, that will be absorbed instead of the lead.

My advice? "Stay full, my friends." By the way, for more information on lead, you can go to

Another guest this morning is Rufus Chaney from the USDA. He writes,

Most garden crops do not accumulate enough metals to require any attention even in contaminated gardens. Protecting young children from Pb [lead] contaminated soil brought back into the house to become housedust is the critical need when soils are contaminated. If contaminated, the few crops (leafy vegetables, carrot type crops with expanded hypocotyles) and herbs can be grown in clean soil raised beds and all else grown in the garden. For those few gardens with massive Pb or other contamination from paint or industrial sources, one may need to remove the soil and replace it, but that is the unusual case.

For organic compounds such as PCBs, the only crops with appreciable contamination from soil PCBs is carrot skins. Peel carrots and you remove the PCBs. Other organics are also only taken up to appreciable extent by the surface of root crops. Hence, if soils are contaminated, carrots need to be grown in the clean soil raised bed.

Urban metals are very different today than they were in 1980 because of the removal of Pb from gasoline. But paint Pb residues are still falling onto soils, and paint and other residues metal residues from the last 100 years are still there in the soil. Thus the need for analysis of garden soils if you want to be sure about protecting your family.

He also sent me a PowerPoint presenationn called Lead and Other Contaminants in Baltimore Urban Garden Soils: What You Can Do to Protect Your Family.

I could go on for awhile--I haven't even touched on the very controversial subject of biosolids, which I will bring up on Sunday--but I'll just tell you that you should catch the show this morning, or at least listen to the podcast of our conversation when it gets posted in the next couple of days.

My guests this morning are

  • Sally Brown, Research Associate Professor in the School of Forest Resources at the University of Washington
  • Rufus Chaney, Research Agronomist in the Environmental Management and Byproduct Utilization Laboratory at the USDA
  • Ganga Hettiarachchi, Associate Professor of Soil and Environmental Chemistry at Kansas State University

And I would be remiss if I didn't thank Dr. Lakhwinder S. Hundal, Supervising Environmental Soil Scientist for the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District (MWRD) , who just happens to be Chair for the Soil in the City Conference. He's the guy who helped me corral the above scientists.

In fact, he wrote to me that "This could be the first show to have three world renowned experts to talk about urban soils and contaminants." Indeed. Another first for The Mike Nowak Show.

 

June 15, 2014

Tower Gardens®--one possible future of veggie growing

If you've traveled between Terminal 2 and Terminal 3 at O'Hare International Airport in the past couple of years, you're likely to have seen what is one possible future of the way plants--including vegetables--are grown. According to Mother Nature Network, it's world's first vertical aeroponic garden inside an airport terminal:

With more than 1,000 plants tucked in pockets on the 26 towers, the crops include Swiss chard, arugula, basil, chives, cilantro, dill, sage, thyme, oregano, edible flowers, mixed lettuces, an assortment of hot peppers and a variety of lettuces. Fueling this future smorgasbord is a nutrition-rich solution that mists the roots from within the columns. No soil required.

The sky-high farm, a collaboration between Chicago Department of Aviation and HMS Host Corporation, has a reduced its spatial footprint and uses a mere 5 percent of the water normally required for farming.

But it's not just for show. The "farm" provides produce for at least four of the HMS restaurants in the airport complex.

The towers themselves--known as Tower Garden®--are the brainchild of a company called Juice Plus+®, which describes itself as "whole food based nutrition, including juice powder concentrates from 25 different fruits, vegetables and grains."

A man named Tim Blank was Greenhouse Manager at Epcot's until he left to start a company called Future Growing. It was there that he developed the vertical garden system that would be known as Tower Garden. Juice Plus+ saw that this system fit perfectly with their own goals of promoting healthy nutrition, so they acquired the rights to produce and distribute Tower Gardens for home use.

Tower Gardens are starting to appear all around the country, including Bell, Book and Candle Restaurant in Manhattan and Chapala Gardens in California.

Some folks might consider the Tower Garden a little pricey at $525, plus shipping, handling and sales tax. However, considering that the soil doesn't need replenishing, and it can fit in a 2.5 x 2.5 foot space, there are plenty of people who will consider it cost effective. The basic unit is 5 feet tall and can handle 20 plants. However, an extension kit can increase the height to 6 feet and 28 plants.

To find out more specifics, go to the Tower Garden FAQ page.

The person who introduced me to this system is Eden Novak DeGenova, who I have known pretty much since I got interested in horticulture. Until recently, she was working on a social research project in Berwyn, Cicero, Stickney and Garfield Ridge to determine the health of the communities. Her focus was on whether areas with fewer less trees and less vegetation had higher incidences of illness. Lately, however, she was been installing landscapes, including tower gardens where there is no gardening space, provided there is enough light. Her goal is to create a tower garden farm and hire people with disabilities to work it.

I welcome Eden to the show this morning, along with Karen Quirk from Juiice Plus+.

Sharon Bladholm brings art and nature together with finesse

The first time I ever heard of Sharon Bladholm was when I visited the Openlands Lakeshore Preserve in Highland Park, Illinois shortly before it officially opened in 2011. On the walk down the trail to Lake Michigan, you round a bend and suddenly come across a series of ten bas-relief sculptures on round "medallions" that have been inserted into a low retaining wall.

The sculptures in this permanent public art installation are of animals, but not what you might expect. Bladholm describes the creatures as

soil microorganisms essential to the life-giving properties of the soil with their complex diversity in the role of breaking down organic matter...

The 10 sculptures depict, algae, bacteria, protozoa, actinomycetes, tardigrades, mites, bdelloid rotifers and spring tails in all their complex details revealing a more often unseen and world . Extensive research consulting scientists ensured that the microorganisms shown were likely to be found in the forested soil of the preserve. Between the site visits, proposal, research, drawings, sculpting, molds, casting and final installation 3years transpired. They are a permanent legacy at the beautiful 74 acre site that is becoming a must see destination for the interface of art, science and the natural environment.

That seems to represent Bladholm's work in microcosm, if I might make a kind of pun. In the course of her career, Bladholm has worked in many media-- including cast glass, bronze, and ceramic in the sculptural realm, as well as stained glass, printmaking and works on paper. She describes her work as "the interface of people with the natural world, integrating the sciences of anthropology with biology and botany from the plant world."

Her base of operations is Opal Glass Studio, which she has run since 1983. In addition to the Lakeshore Preserve, she has created public art for places like the Garfield Park Conservatory and Museum of Contemporary Art in Bordeaux, France, Suite Home Chicago, Shedd Aquarium, the Chicago Botanic Garden and the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum.

She says that several of her pieces, including the Orchid Organ Tree and the pitcher plant inspired Carnivoras just got in a show at Nicholas Conservatory in Rockford. It's called R4: recycled/reclaimed/reused/recrafted Sculpture Show.

Speaking of pitcher plants (Carnivora sarracenia), she calls them one of the " exuberant forms of botanical anatomy." She did an "carnivora series" at the Lincoln Park Conservancy in 2012 that was based on actual carnivorous plants, with emphasis on the North American species. Unfortunately, she notes, “sarracenia”, is threatened by urban development, drainage of wetlands, plus illegal and unsustainable harvesting.

Bladholm writes that "One whiff of their sweet scent brings forgetfulness of sorrows, at least to the insects who slip into the deadly chamber and are digested by a plant that evolved this survival technique to compensate for the nutrient poor acidic bog environment pitcher plants dwell in. ."

But if you're talking about "exhuberant" art--and by that I mean positively exotic--look no further than her contributions to a show called "Invoking the Absence," at Chicago Sculpture International (CSI). The show opened on May 17 of this year and runs through October 26 at what she calls "that amazing Elks Memorial" in Lincoln Park. Her piece "Aspiration, Respiration, Transpiration and Transmutation"--a piece with the trachea sprouting leaves--is one of the featured works. It is positively other-worldly.

And this doesn't even begin to address the glass art she has executed, nor her various expeditions with the Field Museum, Conservation International and Andes to Amazon Biodiversity Program to the Brazilian, Venezuelan and Peruvian Amazon, documenting the life ways of the Yanomami people through her art, and exploring conservation of endangered plant and animal species in isolated communities.

I guess that's why Sharon Bladholm will be with me in studio this morning, to discuss her art and its relationship to nature in many forms.

LaSalle County Frac sand mining meeting reminders

Just a reminder that activist and friend of the show (and the environment) Ashley Williams sent me information about something we discussed on the show last week, namely the continuing assault on LaSalle County by the frac sand mining interests. There are two publish hearings coming up about which I wanted to publish a reminder:

  • June 17th at 6 pm at LaSalle-Peru Township High School, the IEPA will deliberate over Quality Sand Products' application for a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit, commonly referred to as an NPDES permit. The mining discharge will flow into Pecumsaugan Creek at an average of 1.25 million gallons a day; as a result, bike and walking paths along the Illinois and Michigan Canal and wildlife, including the federally protected Indiana Bat that makes its habitat in the Blackball Caves beside the canal, face further endangerment.
  • June 19th at 5 pm at the Knights of Columbus Hall in Ottawa, the County Zoning Board of Appeals will continue to deliberate over Northern White Sand's application for two special use requests for a trans-loading facility with a 3-part pipeline and a processing facility. This Subject Site, once a coal strip mine, poses a myriad of concerns due to the 8 landfills located on and around the site. The processing plant will be situated upon the uncapped Brockman II Landfill and adjacent to the Brockman I Superfund Landfill. These landfills are of grave concern to us residents due to their volatility ...we citizens are concerned that the sand mining boom in LaSalle County will cause the following: loss of biodiversity and habitat degradation, in particular wetlands; waterborne pollutants and depleted aquifers; surface and groundwater contamination; decline in property values and tourism; increase in noise, air, light, and traffic pollution; and health complications from respirable quartz such as asthma, lung cancer, silicosis, cardiovascular disease, and immune system interference.

 

June 8, 2014

When good home garden remedies go bad

A friend posted this on my Facebook page a couple of weeks ago that has been making the rounds on the Interwebs and asked me if it seemed like something that she might use in her garden:

Seems harmless enough, right? I mean, aside from the fact that Epson sells printers and ink cartridges and Epsom salts are what you soak in when you pull a muscle. Hey, I'm not the greatest speller in the world, either. But I've been doing this gardening thing for awhile now, and I know that nothing is as simple--or safe--as it seems. So I put out a call on FB to some of my horticultural friends, and you might be surprised what came up.

First, I should note that the name Epsom salts is a misnomer--it isn't technically a salt, rather, it's a naturally occurring mineral compound of magnesium and sulfate, named for a bitter saline spring at Epsom in Surrey, England. Second, this particular recipe calls for two cups of Epsom salts. When I looked up the concoction on other sites, the amount was two tablespoons. Hmm. That's a huge difference. Which is correct? I don't really know.

Then I started getting comments from friends. The first came from Dan Kosta and Vern Goers Greenhouse in Hinsdale, who has been working with pesticides for longer than most of you have owned computers. He wrote,

Here is a break-down on this weed killer. Vinegar strips the protective cuticle from the leaf, allowing dessication from the air, and killing exposed tissue. Epsom (or any other) salts pulls water from the plant roots (by osmosis), further drying the plant. Soap is a surfactant to make it spread over the foliage better. Dawn is considered more environmetally friendly but in this case that would not matter. Spraying in the morning would expose the treated plants to the sun's rays and daytime heat, accelerating the drying. Dew would dilute the solution and weaken its activity. This could in no way be considered organic since the salts are synthetic.

This would be effective but best used in small areas. I would think between patio stones or paving bricks, or maybe over some decorative gravel. Be cautious about replanting there until the area is drenched with lots of water. The lesser amount of salt would be better environmentally but the higher amount may work faster, and leave more residual in the soil. It is really just like applying an overdose of synthetic fertilizer, which also contains chemical salt. One fall I killed a 2 inch diameter buckthorn stump by dumping a couple pounds of lawn fertilizer and some ice melter salt over it. Dead as a door nail by spring Same idea.

Personally I would just spray the vinegar on the weeds. It will act as a burn-down and much less residual in the soil. The stuff will just evaporate. And I always tell people to get the cheapest white vinegar in the store. No use wasting good stuff on weeds. No balsamic needed here.

End of story, right? Not so fast. Another occasional visitor to the show is Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, who is an associate professor and extension horticulturist at Washington State University. She has devoted her career to busting horticultural myths and is part of a group called The Garden Professors, which also debunks bad gardening science. I asked her to comment and she said,

Oh, I have numerous times since last weekend on both The Garden Professors page and The Garden Professors blog group on Facebook. What I said was this:

"First, it's a home remedy, so MGs can't recommend it (it's not science based). Especially for pesticidal use.
"Second, dish soap kills everything – good and bad. Only special horticultural and pesticidal soaps should be used in the garden and landscape.
"Third, household vinegar is useless as a weed killer. Only 20% acetic acid has any effect, and again it will kill everything it touches.
"Fourth, Epsom salts are completely useless for anything except addressing magnesium deficiencies. They certainly don't have any effect on weeds."

The whole "natural and organic are safe" mindset is dangerous. Nature is not a friendly force. Some of the deadliest chemicals known are made by plants - because they can't run away from their predators.

Amen, sister, to that last paragraph. In fact, in that very post, I said that

many things can be "natural" and "toxic" at the same time. Calling some thing "safe" just because you can mix it yourself just isn't true. It will kill plants, after all, and can cause damage to your soil. And when you brew your own concoctions at home, there's no guarantee that they will turn out to be exactly what you had in mind.

I guess the moral of the story is the adage that journalists often use, "If your mother says she loves you, check it out." Same applies to all of those "perfectly safe" and "natural" remedies.

Join Chicago's Waste, Recycling & Petcoke Tour!

Ever wondered where and how things get recycled in Chicago? (So do I!) Well, the Chicago Recycling Coalition (CRC) (full disclosure: I am the unpaid president of CRC) and the Southeast Environmental Task Force (SETF) are teaming to present Chicago's Waste & Recycling Tour.

It happens this Wednesday, June 11 from about 10:00 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. All you have to do is get to 1601 N. Clark (near the Chicago History Museum), where a bus will pick you up and take you on your way. We will visit yard and food compost operations, former landfills, recycling centers, scrap metal piles, and observe the huge petcoke mountains that have been causing misery for people on the southeast side of Chicago.

Tom Shepherd of SETF drops by this morning to talk about the tour and, of course, the notorious petcoke piles that have had the EPA investigating KCBX Terminals Co. on the Calumet River. According to this story in the Chicago Tribune just a few days ago,

EPA accused KCBX of violating the federal Clean Air Act after pollution monitors posted around the two storage terminals recorded high levels of lung-damaging particulate matter on April 12 and May 8.

EPA investigators also used dust wipes to sample the black film coating about a dozen locations in the East Side neighborhood. In a letter to KCBX, the EPA said it found the chemical fingerprints of petroleum coke in five of the samples, with the highest levels found on the exteriors of homes closest to uncovered piles of the refinery byproduct.

This follows the refusal of Mayor Rahm Emanuel and City Council to ban petcoke outright, leaving southeast side residents to deal with the piles that are still part of everyday life.

I'm sure Tom will have a couple of words about that this morning.

Taking an environmental step backwards in Chicago?

Back in March, I invited scientists and activists to my program to discuss the problems and even dangers associated with light pollution in Chicago.

So I was a bit taken aback when I saw this headline this week in the Sun-Times: Emanuel launches design contest to make Chicago 'city of lights'.

Say WHAT?

It turns out that this actually happened several months ago, in January. According to the Sun-Times,

The so-called “request for concept design proposals” for a “citywide lighting framework plan” comes four months after Emanuel shined the light on his controversial plan to turn Chicago into a Midwest version of Paris: “La Ville Lumiere, the City of Light.”

By July 7, teams of artists, building and landscape architects, engineers, urban and graphic designers must envision ways to spotlight five Chicago signatures: the Chicago River, iconic buildings, 180 bridges, a CTA L system that's one of the most “physically striking” in the world and Lower Wacker Drive.

Which is interesting because, according to Drew Carhart of Illinois Coalition for Responsible Outdoor Lighting, Paris has actually initiated a campaign to reduce the amount of light it emits. Huffington Post reported on this, saying that

France enacted one of the world's most comprehensive light ordinances last year; visitors to Paris (and the city's residents) now encounter darkness from 1 a.m. to 7 a.m., an effort that has slashed the country's energy bills by $266 million and her carbon dioxide emissions by 250,000 tons per year.

Not only that, but In spring 2004, Chicago became the first U.S. city to have its skyline go dark for bird migration, thanks to a program called Lights Out! Chicago,

Buildings over 60 stories turn off decorative, display, top lighting including logos, clock faces, and signs after 11:00 p.m. All buildings, of any height (particularly those directly on the lakefront) are encouraged to turn off every kind of non-essential lighting possible to create the darkest possible night skyline and lobby lighting.

That information is taken from a group called Chicago Bird Collision Monitors (CBCM), which not only advocates for "bird-safer" buildings, but even cleans up dead and injured birds. CBCM monitoring teams operate every morning in downtown Chicago seven days a week during migration periods — from mid-March to early June and late August to mid-November — checking for injured or dead birds among the tall buildings. They also respond to hotline calls throughout the year to rescue injured birds in Chicago and surrounding suburbs.

But back to the contest (and you can read the RFP here), it seems like a giant step backwards. Drew Carhart immediately responded to this environmentally tone-deaf plan in another Sun-Times story.

He joins me this morning, along with Annette Prince, Director of Chicago Bird Collision Monitors, to ask: Why Chicago? and Why Now?

LaSalle County: Ground Zero for the "frac sand rush"

I received an email from Utica Township residents Diane and Phil Gassman just yesterday. It called my attention to an article in today's (June 8) Chicago Tribune called Mining for fracking sand drives some Illinois farmers from land. Well, that's not too particularly surprising, considering the assault on farm land, communities and common sense that is going on in LaSalle County.

Diane and Phil have been on my show twice in the past year and a half to talk about this discouraging issue. This time, they write,

Since we talked last, Utica has annexed in yet another sand mine and approved a special use permit. We are currently involved in public hearings with the La Salle county Board regarding the expansion of a current sand mine. Northern White Sand is currently seeking a special use permit from the LaSalle county board to run a pipeline from their mining operation to a processing plant-which they plan to build on top of a former super fund site. This pipeline would cross the I and M canal and eventually end adjacent to Buffalo Rock State park at a barge loading facility.

Sure enough, that newest affront to the lifestyle of that county was the subject of this story in the News Tribune of the Illinois Valley. With the headline Environmental disaster waiting to happen? they report

[Northern White Sand LLC] intends to construct a 25-acre sand drying and processing plant south of North 2803rd Road and North of CSX Railroad west of Ottawa. NWS is a subsidiary of Illinois Cement Company in La Salle.

NWS also intends to build a transload facility on 15 acres adjacent to the site that would allow for loading trains and semi-trucks with finished silica sand.

All 40 acres of proposed property is surrounded by three landfills and is known as the Brockman Superfund site. Specifically, the property to be built on is an abandoned coal strip mining site. The site has long been known to hold no productive use.

The story goes on to report that

In order to move mined sand from its quarry near the Osage curves NWS proposes to build an above ground slurry line to the processing facility. An underground slurry line would further transport wet sand from the processing facility underneath I&M Canal to the Cargill Site for barge shipping

Slurry pipes under the I&M Canal, a processing plant on top of a superfund site--what could possibly go wrong?

Meanwhile, activist and friend of the show (and the environment) Ashley Williams notes that there will be a public hearing about these proposed plans:

June 19th at 5 pm at the Knights of Columbus Hall in Ottawa, the County Zoning Board of Appeals will continue to deliberate over Northern White Sand's application for two special use requests for a trans-loading facility with a 3-part pipeline and a processing facility. This Subject Site, once a coal strip mine, poses a myriad of concerns due to the 8 landfills located on and around the site. The processing plant will be situated upon the uncapped Brockman II Landfill and adjacent to the Brockman I Superfund Landfill. These landfills are of grave concern to us residents due to their volatility...we citizens are concerned that the sand mining boom in LaSalle County will cause the following: loss of biodiversity and habitat degradation, in particular wetlands; waterborne pollutants and depleted aquifers; surface and groundwater contamination; decline in property values and tourism; increase in noise, air, light, and traffic pollution; and health complications from respirable quartz such as asthma, lung cancer, silicosis, cardiovascular disease, and immune system interference.

There is one other hearing that Williams writes about:

on June 17th at 6 pm at LaSalle-Peru Township High School, the IEPA will deliberate over Quality Sand Products' application for a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit, commonly referred to as an NPDES permit. The mining discharge will flow into Pecumsaugan Creek at an average of 1.25 million gallons a day; as a result, bike and walking paths along the Illinois and Michigan Canal and wildlife, including the federally protected Indiana Bat that makes its habitat in the Blackball Caves beside the canal, face further endangerment.

Diane and Phil Gassman join me this morning to continue fighting the battle that has been raging in LaSalle County for more than two years.

 

June 1, 2014

How did your roses do this winter? Susan Fox talks survival

It was January 19th of this year when I first talked to Susan V. Fox (@GagasGarden on Twitter) for a about rose care. Now that might seem to be an odd time to discuss roses, but it was a chance for her to explain her recent move to central Illinois and how she was attempting to overwinter her roses in one of the coldest years on record. And it gave us both a chance to plug her book, Four Seasons of Roses: 2014 Monthly Guide to Rose Care. Hey, I have a book coming out in a couple of weeks and I know the pain of marketing.

Fast forward to June 1, which is the start of national rose month, and it's a lot easier to talk about them while they're in bloom than when they're hunkered down under a foot of snow. Susan has a few "fun facts" about roses on her blog:

  • The White House is celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Rose Garden this year. In 1913, Ellen Wilson, wife of President Woodrow Wilson, replaced a colonial garden established by First Lady Edith Roosevelt in 1902.
  • In 1986, President Ronald Reagan signed Proclamation 5574, which made the rose the National Floral Emblem.
  • Roses are the official flower of the District of Columbia, as well as the states of Iowa, Georgia, New York and North Dakota.
  • The rose is the favorite flower of 85% of Americans.
  • William Shakespeare referred to roses more than 50 times, including "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet."

Susan has just returned from Asheville, North Carolina, where she was a judge in the Biltmore Rose Trials. Susan features photos of the overall winner, a shrub rose called "Miracle on the Hudson," as well other winners, in this post. Susan claims that the Asheville winter was almost as cold as ours and the roses that survived are very hardy. All I can say is "I'll be the judge of that."

She also just spent some time with the ubiquitous P. Allen Smith at his palatial...uh...palace--the Garden Home at Moss Mountain Farm, which sits on top of a ridge overlooking the Arkansas River Valley. From his website: "Located just 30 minutes outside of Little Rock, Arkansas this idyllic setting blurs the lines between garden and home, heritage and modern." Hmm. I'm sure my invitation got lost in the mail.

But, in addition to kicking off National Rose Month, Susan Fox is here today to talk about that ridiculous winter and spring we just suffered through. Which roses survived? Which bit the dust? What would she do differently next year?

In a post she did at the beginning of May called The Coolest Winter Roses, Susan explained how (and why) for the first time, she planted roses last fall instead of in the spring. And then, of course, we had that winter. I guess we'll find out what survived and what didn't when I talk to her in the show this morning.

Protecting our pollinators: we must do better

Sometimes I'm absolutely amazed by the things I don't know. In researching a conversation I'm having on my show this Sunday morning, I discovered that the monarch butterfly is the state insect of Illinois and has been since 1975. On the Illinois State Symbols page of the Illinois State Museum website, there is a lovely story about how it happened:

In 1974, a Dennis School third-grade class in Decatur proposed the orange and black Monarch Butterfly as the State's Official Insect. Representative Webber Borchers of Decatur introduced a bill in the General Assembly, and the schoolchildren lobbied for its passage. In 1975, the bill passed, and the Dennis School class watched Governor Daniel Walker sign it into law.

Governor Walker ended up being sentenced to four years imprisonment for bank fraud, three years for perjury, and probation for false financial statements. Of course, that was after he made the monarch butterfly the state insect. Whew!

Those were the days when bank fraud was serious and monarch butterflies were cute. Nowadays, bank fraud is still serious but you might argue that it is not as serious as the idea of the state insect of Illinois going extinct. Which could happen in a few years. This article from the Washington Post quotes Lincoln Brower, a professor of biology at Sweet Briar College who has studied the monarch migrations for decades:

How many natural phenomena are we going to kill off? I think the monarch is the canary in the coal mine telling us that things are beginning to go really wrong, when you can take a widespread migration of this sort and completely dismantle it as a result of human activity.

He credits severe weather (including drought in Texas and other states), illegal forestation in Mexico, and the destruction of habitat in as a result of industrialized agriculture in the Midwest. Looks like humanity gets the hat trick for that one, as our sticky little fingerprints are found all over all three of those smoking guns.

Enter the Chicago Botanic Garden, which is putting together a day devoted to the monarch, which they call Make Way for Monarchs. They note a few facts:

  • A recent U.S. Geological Survey study finds that 70 percent of Americans say conserving monarchs is “important” or “very important.” Respondents also indicated they would be willing to support monarch conservation by growing monarch-friendly plants or donating to monarch conservation groups. Study authors estimate the support would add up to a one-time payment of $4.78 to $6.64 billion. Click here to learn more about the USGS study
  • When scientists first started monitoring monarchs in the early 1990s, roughly half a billion of the butterflies migrated north each year. Populations have fallen by roughly 90 percent since then, according to Scott Hoffman Black, executive director of the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. He says, “These are animals that were found everywhere, but the population is in really rapid decline. The monarch may well become a rare visitor to the Upper Midwest.”
  • The M4M “Moving for Monarchs” initiative is organizing a march on Washington, D.C., during National Pollinator Week, June 16 to 23, 2014, to voice the need to protect monarchs and milkweeds.

Make Way for Monarchs is the Garden's 2014 Janet Meakin Poor Symposium, named for a Chicago-area conservationist and landscape designer dedicated to preserving natural habitats. It happens on Friday, June 6, from 9am to 4pm. Speakers include:

  • Scott Hoffman Black, executive director of the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, will describe his collaboration with farmers and other land managers to create and protect monarch habitat.
  • Chip Taylor, founder and director of Monarch Watch and University of Kansas professor of ecology and evolutionary biology, will define the challenges and opportunities for monarch conservation.
  • Gary Paul Nabhan, internationally known nature writer, food and farming activist and proponent of conserving the links between biodiversity and cultural diversity. Nabhan, co-author of Forgotten Pollinators, will discuss landscapes that support both the monarch and human food security.

By the way, the next day, Saturday, June 7, is World Environment Day, and the CGB is holding activities for all ages throughout the Garden, from a keynote presentation to ongoing demonstrations and displays--even meteorologist Tom Skilling.

One thing I will ask Scott Black about is the massive bumblebee kill in Oregon last summer. Some 50,000 bumblebees were poisoned next to a Target store parking lot after applicators applied the pesticide dinotefuran--a neonicotinoid sold under the trade name ‘Safari'--to blooming Linden trees in the parking lot.

What's remarkable is that that kill off, which was in the town of Wilsonville, Oregon, was just one of four incidents that occurred in just that state last year. The Oregon Department of Agriculture investigated the Wilsonville accident, as well as incidents in Hillsboro, West Linn and downtown Portland.

Ultimately the ODA issued six civil penalties associated with those abuses of dinotefuran and imidicloprid, another neonicotinoid. The Portland Tribune reports that there were fines levied, but I hope you're sitting down, because here is the breakdown:

For its role in the Wilsonville incident, Collier Arbor Care of Clackamas, a licensed commercial pesticide operator, has been issued a civil penalty in the amount of $555 for performing a pesticide application in a faulty, careless or negligent manner. The pesticide applicators in the incident, Mark McMullen of Beaverton and Sean Rinault of Woodburn, were each issued civil penalties also in the amount of $555. ODA's investigation determined that the linden trees were clearly in bloom at the time of the pesticide applications.

The product label states that the pesticide is known to be hazardous to bees when applied onto flowering trees in bloom and should not be used under those conditions.

Collier Arbor Care has also been issued a civil penalty in the amount of $407 for applying a pesticide product inconsistent with its labeling in connection to the downtown Portland incident. ODA's investigation determined that the application rate of the pesticide product was in violation of the label instructions. The pesticide applicators in the incident, Rinault and Ray Duval of Estacada, were each issued civil penalties also in the amount of $407. (Italics mine)

In fact, the total amount in penalties was $2,886. For the death of more than 50,000 bumblebees! All I can say is if there are no real consequences to destroying our environment, irresponsible companies will continue to do just that. I am outraged at the mere slap on the wrist, and others should be, too.

I'm happy to welcome Scott Hoffman Black, Chip Taylor and Kayri Havens, Ph.D., director of Plant Science and Conservation at the Chicago Botanic Garden, to the show this morning to talk about the plight of our pollinators and how we can all do much, much better in helping them survive.

A couple of environmental victories in Springfield

Last week I talked to Jen Walling at the Illinois Environmental Council (IEC) and Josh Mogerman from the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) about a last minute maneuver to bypass the fracking legislation that was passed last year by the Illinois General Assembly. However, that bit of political shenanigans was defeated this week, as reported by the Chicago Tribune:

The legislation proposed to skip a rulemaking process currently underway that seeks to codify the rules around fracking based on a regulatory law that was passed last year. It has been about a year since the law passed and until the rulemaking process is done, high volume oil and gas drilling cannot begin in the state. The legislation would have also imposed a moratorium on fracking in Northern Illinois.

Legislators said the bill doesn't have enough votes to pass. Industry didn't support the bill, concerned that any kind of moratorium would set a bad precedent, even in an area that wasn't likely to see fracking.

I also talked to Stacy Meyers, Policy Coordinator for Openlands , about how the General Assembly was trying to sneak money for the Illiana "Road to Nowhere" into the Illinois state budget before the May 31st legislative deadline. Well, that didn't happen, either.

I received an newsletter from Openlands President and CEO Jerry Adelmann today in which he wrote,

Openlands, along with Illinois Environmental Council, Environmental Law and Policy Center, Sierra Club, and others in the conservation community won a big victory Friday night when the Illinois legislature decided not to pass a law that would have queued up and prioritized funding for the proposed Illiana tollroad.

The 47-mile road to nowhere, 10 miles south of Joliet, would damage Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie, pollute the Kankakee River, likely harm threatened and endangered species, and ruin thousands of acres of rich farmland. At best, the Illinois Department of Transportation estimates the toll road would carry 20,000 cars and trucks per day - less than two-thirds of the traffic on Irving Park Road in Chicago. It will likely cost taxpayers more than a billion dollars, diverting funding from other critical projects across the State for decades.

Blocking the legislation will have immediate and dire effects on the proposed Illiana road project. It sends a clear message to the private bidders that the legislature - who they need to annually appropriate tens of millions of taxpayer dollars to fund the road - does not stand behind the project. Failing to pass the legislation also jeopardizes federal approval of a $500-million loan or may require a 20% increase in project costs.

As he notes, the battle is not over. Illinois Governor Pat Quinn is still misguidedly promoting that boondoggle, though the numbers don't add up, according to Crain's Chicago Business.

Which means that we should thank the environmental groups that are holding this project and fracking at bay--for the moment--and never rest. As I said in a Facebook post the other day, "The only people who can protect us from our legislators is us." Sad but true.

 

May 25, 2014

"Houston, we have a problem...with our evergreens."

Let's get one thing straight: when it comes to gardening and gardening seasons, there's no such thing as "normal." Every year is different. Every month is different from the same month a year ago. While there are trends over time, such as more drought, more rain, or warmer temperatures, there's no way to predict exactly what Mother Nature will throw at us.

That being said, it was a brutal winter and it's been a long spring.

My buddy Dan Kosta at Vern Goers Greenhouse brought that home when he wrote this to me last week:

I am getting a lot of customers bringing in boxwood, holly, spruce, and yew branches with winter damage.  Most don't like it when I say that if the damage involves more than 50% they should just replace the plants.  Some "landscapers" are going around applying fertilizer to the dead and dying and saying it will make them green and charging nice prices.  I guess they believe in resurrection.  Also lots of complaints about dead or heavily damaged roses.  Most of my own roses took quite a hit too but it was just a hard winter. Nothing I can do about it.  Funny thing is that the antique roses came through almost unscathed where the more modern ones are dead or badly damaged.

Many plants are a week or two behind usual.  Die back and damage on many broad leaved evergreens.  Some plants are producing smaller leaves or plants are generally smaller.  Some leafing out okay then faltering.  

Wise words from a smart plant guy.

I sent out one of my newsletters just the other day and I included Dan's words, plus a couple of articles that might be useful to folks whose evergreens took a hit over the winter. The first is from Deborah Silver, who runs a couple of companies in my home state of Michigan. The first to be established was Deborah Silver & Co., a landscape and design firm, which was established in 1986.

Then, in 1996, she opened Detroit Garden Works, which is actually located in Sylvan Lake, Michigan, and is a retail store devoted to fine and unusual garden ornament and specialty plants. It was named by Garden Design Magazine in 2004 as one of the top 25 garden shops in the U.S., and it now has an enthusiastic local and national clientele.

In 2004, she completed the triumvirate with the opening of The Branch Studio, which fabricates garden ornament, fountains, containers, structures and sculpture of her own design in a variety of media. The three companies together are able to provide an extensive range of products and services to its clients.

All of this merely leads to a post she made recently on her blog Dirt Simple: The observations of a landscape designer. The post was titled The Bad News, and it echoes Dan Kosta's statement--it was not a good winter for evergreens, especially boxwoods. Silver writes,

Many landscapes show damage which is hard to understand.  Some plants are untouched.  Others are burned all over.  Others are burned in specific spots.  Some have been killed outright.  Do I have a simple and swift explanation-not really.  Some species of plants that are marginally hardy in our area-many of these are in the killed outright list. Do I have zone 5 and 6 plants in my landscape-yes.  A once in 130 year winter cycle would not prevent any gardener from testing the limits.  The fact is, my 20 year old  garden is but a short intermission in the bigger scheme of things.  This spring is making me realize that nature bats both first and last.  There is no negotiating once a winter tests the limits of cold hardiness..  Too cold is simply too cold.  No zone 6 specialty conifer could have fared well this past winter.  I have no easy and simple answers.

And she's not the only person commenting on the harsh winter. Jeff Iles with the Department of Horticulture at Iowa State University asks the question, Why Was Winter 2013-14 So Hard On Our Landscape Plants? He comes to these conclusions:

  • As we entered late fall and early winter, soil conditions were very dry.
  • As a result, many landscape plants entered winter under stress or in a weakened condition.
  • Severe low temperatures (before measureable snowfall) caused the soil to freeze to impressive depths. This could have resulted in root death to sensitive or stressed plants.
  • When snowfall eventually arrived, it blanketed the ground without interruption, persisting until early spring in some locations and ensuring frozen soil until late March/early April.
  • Strong winds seemed to be an everyday occurrence. When coupled with high light intensity and frozen soil conditions, the damage to evergreens became a foregone conclusion.
  • Finally, low temperatures, the likes we haven't seen for many years, helped create the perfect storm.

Iles also addresses the fertilizer issue:

Finally, it is important to remember that fertilizer is not a cure-all for winter-injured plants. If a soil test determines that mineral elements are deficient, then applying an appropriate fertilizer makes perfect sense. But high rates of fertilizer will not miraculously close sunscald wounds, restore life to killed roots or buds, or reverse any of the other negative effects resulting from the memorable winter of 2013-14.

And as if the winter damage wasn't enough, be advised that downy mildew continues to be the scourge of impatiens plants (Impatiens  walleriana). Jennifer Brennan at Chalet Nursery wrote to me just yesterday that the disease started three years ago in 2 states. It is now in 37 states. She says that it will be in the soil for 7 to 10 years and, if that isn't bad enough, will continue to spread via the wind.

A lot of folks over the years have depended on impatiens for color in their shade gardens. Unfortunately, it's time to use a different palette. To that end, Chalet has come up with a list of Impatiens Alternatives.

Last but not least, Dan Kosta, who is on the show this morning to talk about some of these issues, wrote this:

Had a guy in on Sunday looking for a spray to kill the bees on some tree to prevent fruit production.  Sure we sell Sevin but I wasn't about to tell him how to kill bees.  I really hate it when people come in with things like that.  Just cut down the tree and replace it with something that doesn't fruit or better yet get a working brain.

Amen, brother.

Bringing Nature Home to Will County

You've heard me waxing poetic for the past few weeks about opporunities to get your hands on native Midwest plants for your yard or garden or estate or whatever you cultivate. The Lake County Forest Preserves put on a native plant sale a couple of weeks ago.

Next week, the scene shifts to the Forest Preserve District of Will County and their second Bringing Nature Home Native Plant Sale on Saturday, May 31 from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. at Sugar Creek Administration Center in Joliet.

But what brings both of these events together is their connection with Possibility Place Nursery in Monee, which grows many of the the natives that are being offered in both events. In fact, that number goes beyond 100 species of native perennials, shrubs, and trees. You can find the full list of plants and pricing here. To make things even easier, experts will be on hand throughout the day to help you with your plant selections and answer any questions. Cash, checks, and credit cards will be accepted. No refunds will be given.

And, of course, I will be there from 10:00 a.m. to noon to offer you the chance to stump me on an endless number of gardening and environmental questions. But I'm not the only person who will be there. Here's the schedule of presenations that are part of the package:

9:30 a.m. - The Benefits of Bats in Your Backyard!
Juanita Armstrong-Ullberg, Forest Preserve District of Will County Natural Resources Land Manager and Bat Expert

10:30 a.m. - I'm Not Really a Garden Expert, I Just Play One on the Radio
Mike Nowak, Host of "The Mike Nowak Show" ...whatever that is

12:00 p.m. - Gardening for Pollinators
Presented by Nancy Kuhajda, University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Program Coordinator Master Gardeners

1:00 p.m. - From the Ground Up!
Presented by Connor B. Shaw, Possibility Place Nursery Proprietor

In addition, there are a bunch o' exhibitors and vendors, such as

Be assured that he native plant sale will be held rain or shine. For driving directions, visit their Google Map .

I'm very pleased to have Marcy DeMauro, Executive Director of the Forest Preserve District of Will County, and Kelsay Shaw from Possibility Place Nursery on the program this morning to talk about the value of natives and why you should find some room in your yard for a few.

A May "fracking surprise" from the Illinois General Assembly?

Here's another email I received this week, this time from Jen Walling at the Illinois Environmental Council (IEC):

Just moments ago, Rep. John Bradley filed amendments to SB649 to gut the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act and to halt the state's rulemaking process.

Analysis of this bill still needs to be completed, but from a brief review, we are certain that this bill is an attempt to cut the public completely out of Illinois' established rulemaking process on fracking.  This attempt will silence the voices of more than 30,000 Illinoisans who have participated in the public comment process.  

This bid to negate the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act comes a year after the new fracking legislation was passed in Illinois and signed by Governor Pat Quinn and five months after a series of hearings held by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR), which resulted in 35,000 public comments that are still being examined.

According to the Chicago Tribune,

The legislation proposes to skip a rulemaking process that has taken nearly a year and has slowed the development of oil and gas drilling in the state. The legislation would also impose a moratorium on fracking in Northern Illinois.

What could possibly go wrong?

I hope we never find out. The IDNR is already taking a lot of heat for drawing up proposed regulations that were perceived as unconscionably weak, in light of stricter rules drawn up by legislators, industry and environmental groups during the negotiations on the law last year. Then, just a couple of weeks ago, the Frack Free Illinois Coalition blasted IDNR for allegedly paying more than $35,000 to oil and gas "industry front groups" to review draft rules for the new law.

All in all, it has been a shaky start to what was supposed to be the "toughest fracking law in the nation." And now, IEC says that the bill "could be forced through on Monday  with no consideration of the significant environmental and public health concerns caused by fracking." They are urging you to contact your legislator to let him or her know that you oppose SB649.

Jen Walling from the IEC and Josh Mogerman from the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) join me this morning to discuss this turn of events...and perhaps other evironmental surprises that might come out of Springfield this week.

One of those could be a fast track for a bad idea--the Illiana Tollway (to nowhere). You might remember that the board of the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP) last year voted against approving the road from I-65 in Indiana to more-or-less I-55 in Illinois, which could cost in the vicinity of $1.2 billion, again, more-or-less, and probably more, as these things often happen.

Then, a weird thing happened. Because of political pressure or because Mercury was in retrograde (I'll get back to you on which was actually occurring), the MPO Policy Committee of CMAP decided that it was really in the best interests of the citizens of both states to ignore the recommendation of the CMAP board and approve the Illiana Tollway.

Even CMAP seemed stunned by that decision, saying, on their Streetsblog Chicago site,

This vote, like the Circle Interchance decision before it, threatened the integrity of regional planning in Chicagoland. The painstaking GO TO 2040 planning process involved countless partners who had agreed that other projects should get priority over these two highway expansions.

Can you say "family feud?"

And when even the Chicago Tribune says that a big time project like Illiana is a bad idea, you might want to wonder who stand to benefit from it.

Anyway, at the last second (SURPRISE!!), the General Assembly is going to try to get the money (YOUR MONEY, by the way) into this project. The Environmental Law and Policy Center (ELPC) wants you to SAY NO TO ILLIANA. Click on that link to see how you can help knock some sense into Governor Pat Quinn and the legislators who are stuck in the 1950s.

Stacy Meyers, who is the Policy Coordinator for Openlands, joins us this morning to talk about that issue and why it is so bad for Illinois citizens in general and the Midewin Tallgrass Prairie in particular.

 

May 18, 2014

Bonnie Plants: a family business that continues to thrive

Few things make me happier than when one of my show sponsors steps up and does good things for the community, whether that community is here in the Chicago area or somewhere else.

Which is why it's a pleasure to have Bonnie Plants as a valued sponsor of my program. For the past two years, they have donated plants to the exhibits that the Peterson Garden Project have created for the Chicago Flower & Garden Show.

Bonnie Plants is based in Union Springs, Alabama, and grows quality vegetable and herb plants for gardeners across the country. And when I say "across the country," I'm talking about 65 growing facilities that serve 48 states. The company was established in 1918 by Bonnie and Livingston Paulk and it's still family-run by the grandson of its founders, Stan Cope. 

Bonnie also grows its plants in biodegradable, plantable pots that they say save more than a hundred million plastic pots from landfills each year. And speaking of their plants, here are their new varieties for 2014:

Japanese Giant Red Mustard
Red Romaine Leaf Lettuce
Biltmore Tomato
Container's Choice Tomato
Indigo Rose Tomato
San Marzano Tomato
Tumbling Tom Red Tomato
Tumbling Tom Yellow Tomato
Dragon Cayenne Pepper
Loran Strawberries
Tristan Strawberries
Beltran Strawberries
Tarpan Strawberries
Easy Pick Gold Zucchini
Black Diamond Watermelon
Edamame
Italian Oregano
Asparagus Fern
Ring of Fire Sunflower

And if you're looking for a way to keep those varieties healthy, you can try Bonnie Herb, Vegetable & Flower Plant Food. New for 2014, Bonnie has a convenient hose-end sprayer bottle to deliver its unique formula containing oilseed extract.

There's a lot more at Bonnie Plants, including how-to information, recipes, and projects through its website, mobile site, QR codes on tags, and even an Ask an Expert service to answer unique gardening questions. Bonnie's website includes more detailed descriptions of each product, how-to-grow information for each vegetable and herb, garden plans for raised beds, recipes, DIY projects, videos and more.

Oh, and if that isn't enough, sign up for their e-newsletter, which goes out every 2 weeks during the growing season and includes helpful tips, projects, recipes, and Facebook shares. Speaking of Facebook, you can find Bonnie there, too, as well as on YouTube, Twitter, Pinterest, Instagram and Google Plus.

I'm pleased to have Sidney Phelps, Distribution Manager at Bonnie Plants Corporate Headquarters in Union Springs, Alabama, on the show with me today. He seems to be the quintessential American success story--beginning in 2000 by potting plants, watering, and doing general greenhouse labor, then moving on to sales and ultimately to distribution manager. I'm sure he has a lot to say about this great company.

Blake Davis returns with his own version of the end of the world

Remember my conversation on the show earlier this year with Guy McPherson, professor emeritus from the University of Arizona? Of course you do! He's the guy with the blog site called Nature Bats Last, and he's been on my show and on Thom Hartmann several times and just about everywhere else.

His assessment of the effects of climate change is grim. In his Climate-Change Summary and Update (which he is constantly updating) he states, for example,

If you're too busy to read the evidence presented below, here's the bottom line: On a planet 4 C hotter than baseline, all we can prepare for is human extinction (from Oliver Tickell's 2008 synthesis in the Guardian ). Tickell is taking a conservative approach, considering humans have not been present at 3.5 C above baseline (i.e., the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, commonly accepted as 1750). According to the World Bank's 2012 report , “Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided” and an informed assessment of “ BP Energy Outlook 2030 ” put together by Barry Saxifrage for the Vancouver Observer , our path leads directly to the 4 C mark. The 19th Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 19), held in November 2013 in Warsaw, Poland, was warned by professor of climatology Mark Maslin: “We are already planning for a 4°C world because that is where we are heading. I do not know of any scientists who do not believe that.” Adding to planetary misery is a paper in the 16 December 2013 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences concluding that 4 C terminates the ability of Earth's vegetation to sequester atmospheric carbon dioxide.

I'm not sure what it means to plan for 4 C (aka extinction). I'm not impressed that civilized scientists claim to be planning for it, either. But I know we're human animals, and I know animals require habitat to survive. When there is no ability to grow food or secure water, humans will exit the planetary stage.

There are people who disagree with him, notably Scott K. Johnson , a geoscience educator, hydrogeologist, and freelance science writer contributing at Ars Technica. He rebuts McPherson's claims in a piece called How Guy McPherson gets it wrong. Writes Johnson:

In many ways, McPherson is a photo-negative of the self-proclaimed “climate skeptics” who reject the conclusions of climate science. He may be advocating the opposite conclusion, but he argues his case in the same way. The skeptics often quote snippets of science that, on full examination, doesn't actually support their claims, and this is McPherson's  modus operandi . The skeptics dismiss science they don't like by saying that climate researchers lie to keep the grant money coming; McPherson dismisses inconvenient science by claiming that scientists are downplaying risks because they're too cowardly to speak the truth and flout our corporate overlords. Both malign the IPCC as “political” and therefore not objective. And both will cite nearly any claim that supports their views, regardless of source— putting evidence-free opinions on par with scientific
research. (In one example I can't help but highlight, McPherson cites a survivalist blog warning that Earth's atmosphere is running out of oxygen.)

McPherson bills himself as a scientist simply passing along the science (even as he dismisses climate scientists and their work), but he cites nearly as many blog posts and newspaper columns as published studies. When he does cite a study, it's often clear that he hasn't taken the time to actually read it, depending instead on a news story about it. He frequently gets the information from the study completely wrong, which is a difficult thing for most readers to check given that most papers are behind paywalls (not to mention that scientific papers aren't easy to understand).

But while McPherson might believe that humanity is headed for extinction in the next couple of decades, that's not the first time that I have discussed this issue on my show.

In January of 2013, Blake Davis, Adjunct Professor of Sustainability and Urban Agriculture at the Illinois Institute of Technology was on my program to talk about his lecture, "A 50-year Survival Plan for Climate Change." Well, nice to know that he's giving us at least another 30 years more than Guy McPherson.

Well, he's back on the show today, to discuss the niceties of having a few thousand years of human history go down the drain in a few decades. In fact, he says he heard my conversation with Guy McPherson and he has some comments about that show segment. This comes about a week after two scientific papers released by the journals Science and Geophysical Research Letters came to similar conclusions, namely that the West Antarctica ice sheet is collapsing and nothing can reverse that action.

But human beings have a way of putting one foot in front of another, even when they see the world around them begin to crumble. Which is why he is working with the Bronzeville Urban Development (B.U.D.) on developing the embankments that make up the old Stockyards Railroad Line, which runs from State Street to the Lake along 40th Street.  Most of the bridges have been removed, so it cannot be used for a bike trail.  Their goal is to create an agriculture and energy corridor along the tops of these embankments.  It also includes historical RR stations that have been bricked up since the late 50's. 

He has also been working with Chicago Biofuels on ways of utilizing contaminated sites in and around the city to grow oil crops.  This oil can be used to produce domestic biodiesel.  The process of producing the oil also bioremediates the sites so that they can eventually be used to grow food.  Several different crops produce over 100 gals. per acre of biodiesel.  (1 acre = approximately 14 city lots)

If we're lucky, we'll talk about other interesting stuff that this very interesting man is involved in. If not, well, I'll just bring him back on the show. Unless the world ends. Or my show gets canceled. Which is pretty much the same thing in my book.

How will McDonald's (yes, that McDonald's) respond to "Spudgate"?

Just when you think that you've heard of every violation of clean air, water and soil that could possibly be occurring on this planet, a new one rises to smack you in the face, as if to say to you, "Silly boy, you're sooo naive."

In this case, the mega-juggernaut McDonald's (they of the hamburger business, in case you were confused) buys more than 3.4 billion pounds of U.S. potatoes every year. As the largest potato purchaser in the world, (35,000 local restaurants serving nearly 70 million people in more than 100 countries each day) it's not surprising that McDonald's decisions drive the potato market.

They contract with Ron D. Offutt, or RDO, the largest potato producer in the United States, which is also a major supplier of potatoes for McDonald 's french fries. RDO owns many of the 50,000 acres of potato fields in Minnesota, especially in the central and northwest parts of the state.

The problem, if you've read what author Michael Pollan has to say about potatoes, is that they are a chemical intensive crop...if grown "conventionally." Which is why I buy only organically grown potatoes. But I digress.

According to the website ToxicTaters.org,

Fungicides are applied to 98% of Minnesota's potato acres. At the height of the growing season, potato fields are sprayed with pesticides as often as every five days. These chemicals don't stay put — instead, they drift from potato fields onto neighboring farms, and into homes and schools.

After experiencing the harmful effects of potato production for years, community members in several Minnesota counties (Todd, Becker, Otter Tail, Wadena, and Mahnomen) began testing their air for pesticide drift. The science confirmed what these communities already knew: potato pesticides drift far and wide.

One or more pesticides were found in 66% of air samples tested (of 340 air samples taken between 2006–2009). Air monitors detected many pesticides, including chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, pendimethalin, PCNB, and 2,4-­D.

The most frequently-­detected chemical was a fungicide called chlorothalonil. EPA classifies this chemical as “highly toxic” when inhaled and a “probable” carcinogen. This chemical is applied to 83% of potato acres in Minnesota, with an average of 9.9 applications per year in each field.

No matter how you slice your potatoes, this is bad juju. Furthermore, In 2009, McDonald's pledged to reduce the use of pesticides on its potatoes. But there has been little action on the giant food retailer's part since their declaration.

So, the McDonald's shareholders meeting is next Thursday (May 22) in Oakbrook. At that time,  Food & Water Watch is planning to deliver a petition on behalf of the people in central and northern Minnesota who live near some of those large potato farms and who end up being punished by the chemical drift.

I don't have a lot of time to discuss this issue today, so I encourage you to check out the links above and do some of that yourself. But Lex Horan of Pesticide Action Network North America (PANNA) joins me on the show this morning for a brief explanation of the issue. Believe me, I will revisit this in the future.

 

May 11, 2014

It's still spring and great plant sales are still happening

Because this is the time of year that garden clubs, environmental groups and even governmental entities entice you with their plant sales. What's good to see is that so many organizations are choosing to offer native plants.

Last week, Sarah Batka and I quickly went through a list of great plant sales in the Chicago area. That list is still on my home page at this link.

If you're looking for natives, a couple of the places you might go are the Lake County Forest Preserve Native Plant Sale, which started yesterday and finishes today (May 11) from 10am to 3pm. That one is located at the Indepence Grove Forest Preserve in Libertyville.

Another one great sale happens on Saturday May 31 at the Bringing Nature Home Native Plant Sale, presented by the Forest Preserve District of Will County, at the Sugar Creek Administration Center, 17540 W. Laraway Road in Joliet, (815) 727-8700.

What makes both of those sales so great is that they are featuring plants provided by Possibility Place Nursery in Monee. I'm proud to have them as a sponsor in the effort to get the word out about the events in Lake and Will County. In a couple of weeks, I look forward to having Kelsay Shaw on the show to talk about how he and his family are spreading the gospel of natives to Chicagoland.

Meanwhile, another sale that you might be interested in, especially if you're on the north side of Chicago, is the annual Kilbourn Park Organic Garden Plant Sale, which happens next Saturday, May 17th and Sunday, May 18th from 10:00am to 2:00pm each day at the Kilbourn Park Organic Greenhouse, 3501 N Kilbourn Ave, Chicago.

Donald Choy, who friends of my show might know as "Captain Coleus" from his days at the Lincoln Park Conservatory, is now the go-to guy at Kilbourn Park and he drops by this morning to talk about next week's sale. Word is that he might even bring a couple of plants with him. Word is that I might make him donate a couple of plants to my community garden. Just sayin'.

Creating biodiversity, one hedgerow at a time?

One of the reasons I like to attend terrific events like the Good Food Festival, which is presented each year by FamilyFarmed.org, is that I run into people like Dave Coulter. Dave is a certified arborist and former educator at Triton College. He has thirty years of experience working in landscape and urban forestry realms.

Seventeen years ago, he started a company called Osage Inc., which describes itself this way:

The inspiration for the name of Osage, Inc. comes from the Osage orange tree (Maclura pomifera). Because of a remnant hedgerow that was nearby it was one of the first trees I learned about when I was a boy. I have fond memories of those rough old trees. It's a very durable plant that served a variety of purposes for settlers and farmers as the Midwest was being populated.

Then, as he recently wrote in a paper that he hopes will get him his Masters degree, in the year 2000

at a conference in Liverpool was when I had my first real exposure to the ecology of hedgerows. There were environmental groups that were working to preserve English hedges, and the animals that called them home. In 2005 during a tree survey in the suburbs of Chicago I found myself assessing dozens of old Osage-orange (Maclura pomifera) trees growing in two long rows. These overgrown trees were old farm field boundaries likely planted in the 19th century. It was at that time I saw how these old hedges growing in the greatly altered Illinois landscape were analogous to the hedgerows that I had seen growing in the greatly altered landscapes of England. It wasn’t long after that when my thoughts turned to American hedgerows and their potential for improving natural biodiversity in our own landscapes.

It was precisely that topic that Dave suggested we should talk about on my show, which is why he is in studio this morning. While hedgerows might be important historically, they might be even more important as a way of preserving biodiversity on our planet. That we're rapidly losing pollinators, native and cultivated, should be alarming and cause us to reconsider our food growing strategies.

But we appear to be heading in the wrong direction. As this article by the Environmental Working Group reports,

EWG's widely cited Plowed Under report, released in February 2012, which found that over the four years from 2008 to 2011, a massive total of 23.6 million acres of grassland, wetland and shrubland – an area larger than Indiana – had been converted to row crops.

But it gets worse.

Loss of wetlands has been particularly dramatic in just three states – South Dakota, North Dakota and Minnesota – which together account for 39 percent (731,000 acres) of all wetland and nearby habitat acres converted to row crops from 2008 to 2012. Exploitation of highly erodible land is more widespread, with 10 states – Texas, Colorado, Oklahoma, Montana, North Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, South Dakota, Kansas and Nebraska – accounting for 57 percent (3.0 million acres) of the acreage converted to row crops during that period.

Dave Coulter is a person who thinks that we can mitigate some of this damage by preserving our historical hedgerows...and perhaps creating new ones near urban centers. How would this work? As he writes in his thesis paper,

Species loss and declining biodiversity are vexing problems everywhere. In this report we have seen examples of newly restored hedgerows... that fostered life in farm fields. Why couldn't the same elements be incorporated into urbanized areas? Such linear plantings would not only provide the inherent natural benefits that trees and shrubs provide anyway –but could also be designed specifically to benefit biodiversity in whatever local context is desired. Our cities and our villages are already vast networks of roads and highways, rivers and creeks, railroads and utility easements. With some creativity society could find room for life in such margins. The linear form of the post-modern hedgerow awaits adaptation to improve the tattered mosaic of urban nature and biodiversity. Since the earliest days of agriculture hedgerows were utilized to serve the various needs of man. I would argue that we need them as much as ever to serve the needs of man and nature.

I hope that there are some growers out there who are willing to listen to this man. We'll see.

May is Illinois Invasive Species Awareness Month

Already? How did it get back here so quickly?

Regardless, this marks the fifth anniversary for ISAM.  Even Governor Quinn has issued the official proclamation. Educational events, field days, hay-wagon tours, workshops, presentations, volunteer workdays, 'Garlic Mustard Challenges', training events, and interpretive hikes are just some of the different types of events that you are likely to see this month.

You can get in on the action by having your own event. And in case you do, please let the folks at ISAM know by contacting them here. And be aware that the Northeast Illinois Invasive Plant Partnership (NIIPP) is planning a day long conference soon.

In honor of the month, I'm pleased to have Cathy McGlynn, Coordinator of NIIPP back on the program this morning to let us know how you can get involved.

 

May 4, 2014

Tom Lupfer, Aquascape and badly needed clean water

It's hard to imagine more disheartening news about about our world than this:

Worldwide, one child dies every fifteen seconds from illnesses associated with a lack of clean drinking water, as well as improper hygiene and basic sanitation.  Four children die each minute.  5,760 children die a day.  More than 2.1 million children die every year due to water related diseases. 

One company that decided to do something about those dire statistics is the St. Charles, Illinois-based Aquascape, Inc. You might remember that founder Greg Wittstock, a/k/a "The Pond Guy," was on my show last summer to talk about his tremendously successful business.

This time, however, it is not The Pond Guy who makes an appearance on my program, but The Pond Guy's wife, Carla Wittstock, who also happens to be the president of the Aquascape Foundation. From the foundation's web page on the Aquascape site:

The mission of The Foundation is to create sustainable solutions for the world-wide water crisis.  The purpose of The Foundation is to promote awareness of water as our most precious resource through environmental, educational and philanthropic efforts.  One of the ways that we will accomplish this mission is by utilizing Aquascape's RainXchange® Rainwater Harvest System as a solution to bringing clean drinking water to places where people currently have no access.

Since 2009, the foundation has sponsored trips to the countries of Ghana, Columbia, Uganda, the Dominican Republic and, this year, back to Ghana. Click on the names of the countries above to see videos of each of those projects. Unfortunately, in a place like Ghana, access to clean water is not the only hardship that its people suffer.

One of the people accompanying the Aquascape team to Ghana in January was Tom Lupfer of Lupfer Landscaping. He documented that trip with videos on his own website, and this morning, he joins Carla on the show. Tom has long been been student of sustainable landscaping, which makes him a good choice to be part of this team. As for Carla, here's how she describes her participation in her own foundation:

I have absolutely no backround in not for profit or water. Hilarious, but true. I am a stay at home Mom. I saw a need and a way for our company to fill it and I ran with it. Plain and simple. I formed our not for profit in May of 2008 and in January of 2009 I found myself in a remote village in the African bush installing a water project. It was by Gods grace that we were able to get a location and a partner, raise the funds, assemble a team and pull off a huge construction project in the middle of Africa. Since 2009 we have done 5 projects, two in Ghana, one in Uganda, one in the Dominican Republic and one in Colombia South America. We utilize our knowledge, our products and our connections to get projects done. We have brought clean water to over 10,000 people, we actively educate the children on clean water and sanitation, hopefully changing the mindset of the next generation. It's been amazing! I am looking forward to discussing it on your show. I hope we can inspire people to get involved and bring awareness water issues!

Me, too. Let's get it done.

Sandra Henry, the ComEd "Energy Doctor," makes another house call

It's great to have Sandra Henry back on the program this morning to talk about ComEd's Smart Ideas campaign for Spring 2014. Of course, ComEd is a valued sponsor of The Mike Nowak Show.

Sandra is known as the ComEd "Energy Doctor" and has had 20 years of experience in helping people make their homes and lives more energy efficient. Sandra is the program manager of ComEd's Energy Efficiency Portfolio . She is an elected regional director of the Illinois Chapter of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) . She is also a LEED Accredited Professional.

As we await warmer weather--which might or might not ever arrive in Chicago--ComEd has suggestions for how you can save energy...and money:

Lighting discounts - ComEd's Smart Ideas for Your Home ® is providing instant in-store discounts on select ENERGY STAR® qualified CFLs.  Customers can look for the ComEd "Lower Price" sticker to save on a variety of energy-efficient lighting products at participating retail stores . No coupon is required - prices shown reflect the instant discount.

ComEd's Smart Ideas® Fridge & Freezer Recycling   program helps ComEd customers  save green and earn green in a big way. Through this program, ComEd will pick up a customer's old, working refrigerator or freezer for FREE, recycle it in an environmentally responsible way and send customers $35 for participating.  Additionally, ComEd announces it recently achieved a milestone of recycling its 200,000th unit through the program.

Central AC Cycling - ComEd customers can reduce electricity demand on the hottest days of the summer by joining ComEd's Smart Ideas ® Central Air Conditioning Cycling. By enrolling, you can help us better manage our energy resources, help the environment, and earn credits on your summer electric bill. In addition, ComEd recently announced it is partnering with Nest® Labs , Inc. to offer up to $140 in rebates for customers who purchase a Nest Learning Thermostat™ and participate in its demand response program. Now through May 31, ComEd customers will receive a $100 rebate from ComEd for signing up to participate in ComEd's Smart Ideas® AC Cycling Pilot that features Nest's Rush Hour Rewards™, and an additional $40 rebate for participating in the pilot all summer.

Sandra Henry also tells me that earlier this year, Illinois was recognized as the state with the most LEED-certified (Leadership in Environmental Design) square footage per capita. The distinction places Illinois at the forefront in the movement for sustainable building design, construction and operation.

Meanwhile, The U.S. Green Building Council – Illinois (USGBC-Illinois) is about to present its ninth annual Emerald Award winners. These are outstanding leaders and stand-out buildings that have helped to position Illinois as a national leader in sustainability. The annual Emerald Awards ceremony will be held May 15 th at the Museum of Broadcast Communications at USGBC-Illinois' annual event, Limelight.

This year's winners include:  

  • Sachin Anand, Principal at the Chicago-based firm dbHMS, will be honored with the Intent to Matter: Individual Leadership award for his distinguished career and community service that exemplifies leadership in transforming our built environment.
  • The Village of Hoffman Estates will be recognized with the Intent to Matter: Outstanding Small Organization award for their significant strides in promoting green building development and cutting edge energy code programs that will save tax dollars and lead to a reduction in carbon emissions.
  • McCaffery Interests, Inc. will receive the Intent to Matter: Outstanding Large Organization award for their achievements in promoting sustainable community design. In particular, the bold vision for the 600-acre Chicago Lakeside development is a transformative model for urban planning made possible by creating unique partnerships with SOM, U.S. Steel and the City of Chicago.
  • Walgreen's new retail store in Evanston – the first Net-Zero energy retail pharmacy in the world – will be recognized with the Green Innovation award. The store will generate more energy than it consumes and is already encouraging other retailers to rethink what it means to go green.
  • W.W. Grainger Inc., headquartered in Lake Forest, will be acknowledged with a Green Innovation award for their new 27,000 square foot enterprise data center. It is expected to be certified as the first data center in the world certified Gold under the USGBC's LEED v4 for Data Centers.
  • Farr Associates will receive the Chapter Mission award, which recognize s an organization or individual that best advances the mission of USGBC–Illinois. Located in Chicago, the firm is widely regarded as one of the most sustainable planning and architecture firms in the country.

Congratulations to all of the winners.

 

April 27, 2014

LIVE...from the Green Metropolis Festival!

Cockroach races!

Okay, I admit that it's a shameless plug for what will actually be a very small part of what my show is about this Sunday...but...let me say it again:

Cockroach races!

Oops. Who increased the font size for that? Uh...I guess I did. What better way to end Earth Week 2014 than to be on the road at the Green Metropolis Fair at the Irish American Heritage Center, 4626 N. Knox Avenue in Chicago for a live broadcast of The Mike Nowak Show.

Coackroach races!!

Hey, stop that! (Unless it gets me more listeners and/or brings more people to the fair.)

This is an all day event that celebrates Chicago's sustainable living and wellness communities, and, best of all, it's FREE! So, if you're reading this before Sunday, I encourage you to show up at least sometime during the day. With the forecast calling for unseasonably cool temperatures, this might be the best way to spend a late April Sunday for you and your family.

So let's get right to who will be on the show. We start with Amber Gribben, who is a part of Urban Worm Girl. They've been doing their worm thing since 2008, the same year that I started broadcasting on Chicago's Progressive Talk. Here's more from their website:

We have been introducing this innovative sustainability practice to the Chicago area through educational programming, as well as residential and commercial worm compost bin installations. Through our efforts, and the efforts of our clients, hundreds of tons of waste have been diverted from the commercial waste stream and converted into nutrient-rich soil with the help from a few hungry worms.

Next up is an interview with Mikey the puppet, who goes on a food shopping adventure later in the day, meeting up with "all kinds of crazy characters" in what is described as a fun, interactive puppet show produced by Jeannie McQueenie.

As we head into the second hour, I welcome Jennifer Davit back to the show. Jennifer is the Lurie Garden Director, who is doing a presentation at 11:00 a.m. called Five beautiful Acres – and No Chemicals! Secrets from Chicago's Lurie Garden.

The five-acre Lurie Garden in Chicago's Millennium Park was designed by world-renowned planting designer Piet Oudolf. The Lurie Garden's 240 varieties of perennials provide 4-season interest and are managed without the use of any chemicals. Their sustainable gardening practices make it the ideal respite for countless birds and beneficial insects, and a wonderful destination for Chicagoans and visitors alike. In this presentation, Jennifer provides an overview of the garden's history and shares detailed information on the garden's yearly maintenance.

The idea is to teach average gardeners how to incorporate sustainability--like using less fertilizer and water and providing wildlife habitat--into their gardens.

Then I welcome Thea Wilson of doTerra Essential Oils, who will be presenting Essential Oils 101: Lemon, Lavender, and Peppermint later in the day. We will explore how to use essential oils to support a healthy body, eliminate toxins from our home, and repel mosquitoes, safely and naturally. In particular, this presentation will focus on three of the most commonly used essential oils: lemon, lavender, and peppermint.

Then, what everybody is waiting for...

Coackroach races! Whoo-hoo!!!

You should know that I'm not an amateur when it comes to exotic insects. After all, I am aCook County Master Gardener, so I've been trained to handle these bad boys...and, uh, girls.

Later in the day, you can meet interesting insects and learn about their lifecycles (and maybe even hold one!) at the University of Illinois Extension Service Master Gardeners and Composters table! But at about 10:45 a.m. during my show, you'll have the opportunity to cheer on your favorite Madagascar Hissing Cockroach, as we pit them against each other on my show, with the prize being bareroot Flower Carpet Pink Splash roses from Anthony Tesselaar Plants.

And there's a lot more going on during the fair, which goes from 10am to 5pm.

By the way, there's ample free parking, and the center is conveniently located off I-90/94. But you can also take the CTA Blue Line and get off at the Montrose stop, or try one of multiple bus routes. Better yet, be really green and ride your bike. Bike parking is available.

 

April 20, 2014

It's Earth Week...and there's a lot going on
...including my live broadcast from the Green Metropolis Festival!

Earth Day 2014 will be officially celebrated this Tuesday, April 22. But, in the 21st Century, we no longer have the luxury of paying attention to our planet for one single day. That's why I'm going to list a few things here and you can choose an event or a project that fits your style.

Let's start with something that happens next Sunday.

One week from today The Mike Nowak Show hits the road again, as we broadcast live from the Green Metropolis Fair at the Irish American Heritage Center, 4626 N. Knox Avenue in Chicago. This is an all day event that celebrates Chicago's sustainable living and wellness communities, and, best of all, it's FREE!

Of course, we hope you'll stop by for my radio show. But there are a lot of other things going on at the fair, including

  • Hands on family-friendly activities: farm animals, composting, gardening stalls and more!
  • Retail market with local sustainable business vendors.
  • Food market with local restaurants and chefs.
  • Presentations on organic gardening, sustainable living, energy savings, composting, CSAs, and more!

Check out the Fair on Facebook. Among the various presentations, these two might catch your interest:

11:00am - Five beautiful Acres – and No Chemicals! Secrets from Chicago's Lurie Garden
The five-acre Lurie Garden in Chicago's Millennium Park was designed by world-renowned planting designer Piet Oudolf. The Lurie Garden's 240 varieties of perennials provide 4-season interest and are managed without the use of any chemicals. Their sustainable gardening practices make it the ideal respite for countless birds and beneficial insects, and a wonderful destination for Chicagoans and visitors alike. In this presentation, Jennifer Davit, the Lurie Garden Director, will provide an overview of the garden's history and share detailed information on the garden's yearly maintenance. Learn more about how you can incorporate sustainability measures - like using less fertilizer and water - and providing wildlife habitat- into your garden.

1:00PM – Urban Composting
Whether it's a worm bin in your kitchen, or a big compost pile in your backyard, turning your garbage into rich, black compost is easier (and less smelly!) than you think! Join the Urban Worm Girl Amber Gribben to find out why red wigglers rule!!

By the way, there's ample free parking, and the center is conveniently located off I-90/94. But you can also take the CTA Blue Line and get off at the Montrose stop, or try one of multiple bus routes. Better yet, be really green and ride your bike. Bike parking is available.

Last week, we tried to talk to event organizer Mary Beth Rebedeau of Green Parents Network (GPN) from Argentina. Well, that didn't exactly go as planned. So we will try again today, now that she's back in Chicago. By the way, if you're interested in the Fair, you can contact her via email (above) or at 708.361.6000 or 708.641.2752 (cell).

More ways to mark Earth Day 2014:

The Global Climate Convergence
With the slogan, "People, Planet & Peace Over Profit," The Global Climate Convergence is an education and direct action campaign that begins this spring, with “10 days to change course,” running from Earth Day to May Day.It seeks to unite the many separate movements springing up across the planet. Earth Day-to-May Day 2014 (April 22 - May 1) will be the first in a series of expanding annual actions. Global Climate Convergence Chicago has its own series of actions, including

Chicago: Earth Day March - April 22 - It starts at the Thompson Center (State of Illinois Building, 100 W. Randolph Street), gathering at 4:30pm, with the march stepping off at 5:15pm. Protests will be directed at businesses like Boeing, BP, and Chase HQ.

Setting the World on Fire, The lawsuit against Koch Industries & BP, the environment, and money in politics - April 23 at Chicago Temple, 77 W. Washington Street, Chicago - As petroleum coke--otherwise known as petcoke--continues to pile up on Chicago's southeast side, the Honorable Ian Levin (ret.) and Bob Pavich comment on the erosion of our democracy by monied interests. This talk is sponsored by a number of organizations, including Frack Free Illinois, Southeast Environmental Task Force and Tar Sands Free Midwest.

City Council Zoning Committee Hearing regarding petcoke - Stand with the Southeast Environmental Task Force against petcoke at the City Council Zoning Committee hearing. City Hall, 121 N LaSalle Street in Chicago, 2nd floor, 10:00 a.m. Tom Shepherd from the SETF joins me on the show this morning to talk abou this issue.

People, Planet, and Peace Over Profit: Fighting for a Future Without Climate Change - April 24 at UIC Student Center East, 750 South Halsted Street in Chicago - An educational forum sponsored by System Change Not Climate Change, this event features discussions about climate change and the fight to stop this disaster to our planet from happening.

And you can find even more activities on the Global Climate Convergence Calendar.

Another way to honor the planet: investigate the TPP

If you don't know what the TPP or Trans-Pacific Partnership is, you're not exactly alone. While those of you who listen to Chicago's Progressive Talk are probably aware of how this deal could change the way that we do business in the world (and not necessarily for the good), far too many folks have not even heard of it.

Here, in a nutshell is how Salon describes the TPP:

The Trans-Pacific Partnership is the first international commercial agreement pursued by this administration to date from scratch. And, it would be the largest one since the 1995 World Trade Organization. It would link Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam, Mexico and Canada into a “free trade” zone similar to that of NAFTA.  The subject matter being negotiated extends far beyond traditional trade matters. TPP's 29 chapters would set binding rules on everything from service-sector regulation, investment, patents and copyrights, government procurement, financial regulation, and labor and environmental standards, as well as trade in industrial goods and agriculture.

And therin lies the problem. Many, many organizations think that this would basically spell the end of democracy in the U.S., allowing corporate rules to override legislation.Thought that might be overstating the case, the secrecy of the negotiations give one pause.

The TPP has been on my radar screen for awhile, but because I have only two hours each week to talk about issues (less than that, actually), I haven't gotten around to putting this front and center. That changes this week, thanks to Barbara Murphy from Park Forest. She wrote:

I think you have some interest in the " TPP " (Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement) that the government is pushing for a "fast track" to pass this nefarious so-called trade agreement involving 12 countries (some already joined, some in negotiations, involving countries along the Pacific Rim).  Many of us, who have any awareness whatsoever, are deeply concerned about the passage of the TPP and a sister-like version, the TTIP .  Unfortunately, most people have never ever heard of it at all, because of its secrecy.  Fortunately, there've been leaks.  For that reason, some of us have joined together with the Illinois Fair Trade Coalition to create educational forums.  Take note that some of these events have been posted on the Expose the TPP as well.  A brief breakdown of these forums is as follows:

April 27th, Joliet Public Library, 150 North Ottawa Street, 2-4pm (Hosted by South Suburban Council for MoveOn.org)

May 1st, Chicago Civic Lab, 114 North Aberdeen, 6:30-8pm.

May 4 th , Flossmoor Public Library, 1000 Sterling Avenue, 2-4:30pm (Hosted by South Suburban Council for MoveOn.org).

June 13th, Chicago Uri- Eichen Gallery, 2101 South Halsted , gallery opens at 6pm, panel discussion on trade/economic policy, NAFTA, and the TPP from 7:30pm-9pm.

and more are in the works, in Naperville , Aurora, and other Chicagoland areas.

I welcome Carson Starkey, Field Director of the Illinois Fair Trade Coalition to the program this morning to talk more about the issue, and to highlight the forums in Illinois in the next couple of months.

Yet another way to honor the earth: dispose of your chemicals properly

I was pleased to see an email from the Midwest Pesticide Action Center (MPAC - formerly the Safer Pest Control Project) about how to dispose of unwanted or expired pesticides. They note that there are Household Hazardous Waste Collections in many municipalities in May and June, as well as facilities that allow for regular pickups in Chicago, Rockford, Naperville, and Lake County. Visit the Illinois  Environmental Protection Agency's  website for locations.

As MPAC notes,

Participating in these events not only prevent chemicals from polluting local waterways and ground water supplies, they also allow families to safely remove toxic chemicals from the reach and exposure of children and pets. Keeping pesticides out of our waterways is important as they threaten wildlife, such as birds, fish, bees, and other aquatic organisms, and human health.

Amen.

My favorite plant health care sites are back

As I try to note as often as possible (but probably not enough), if you're a serious gardener, you should try to keep on top of pests and diseases with regular reports that come from both The Morton Arboretum and Illinois Extension.

The one from the Morton Arboretum is called the Plant Health Care Report and two issues have been released this year:

One of the coolest things in the most recent report is a link to a story called Using Growing Degree-Days for Insect Pest Management. The point is that you can't use the current date to determine if insects will be a problem. You need to know the Growing Degree - Days (GDD), which takes into account the average daily temperature by calculating the number of "heat units" received. This system can be more accurate than the calendar method for estimating insect development and timing management strategies

The report from Illinois Extension is called the Home, Yard & Garden Pest Newsletter. The first issue of this publication hasn't been released yet, but you should click onto the link above to sign up and receive regular free reports.

A little knowledge can be a dangerous thing but, if you ask me, some knowledge is better than no knowledge.

 

April 13, 2014

Batten down the hatches--Christy Webber is back!

I know I've said this before but I'm going to say it again. The reason I love having Christy Webber on my radio show is not because Christy Webber Landscapes and Christy Webber Farm & Garden are great sponsors of my program (they are) or because she knows a ton of stuff about landscaping (she does). It's simply because Christy Webber is GREAT RADIO.

Basically, I wind her up, sit back and she does all the work for me. Not only does she love talking about the horticultural industry, but she regales me with tales of business and political intrigue (not all of those make it to the airwaves) and she's about as real a human being as you're going to get. And she's funny. What's not to like?

There's a lot going on at Christy Webber's enterprises this year. Let's start with Christy Webber Farm & Garden, which has a slightly new name and a brand new website. But they're stil there to promote urban gardening and farming of all types--including chicken raising. In fact, you can go to their Useful Info page where you can download pdfs from workshops and classes, and gather information on

Seed Starting workshop
Fertilizer infographic
Chicken Fun Facts
Urban Chicken Keeping Class
Planting Spring Bulbs
Beekeeping class: Forging a New Relationship with Bees

Of course, there are the usual suspects at the Farm & Garden--annuals and edibles, seeds and bulbs, lawn and plant care, perennials and ground covers, garden tools and supplies, shrubs and trees, tropicals, fruit trees, planters, baskets, containers and a lot more.

Also, Christy Webber Landscapes is one of the sponsors of something special in June--a conference called Soil in the City 2014: Enhancing Urban Soils for Living Landscapes and Healthy Communities. It will be held in association with from June 29 to July 2, 2014 at the Crowne Plaza Hotel, 160 E. Huron Street in Chicago. The conference will focus on three themes: Urban Gardening, Green Infrastructures, and Greening Brownfields.

The event is for anyone working with planning, designing, constructing, and/or maintaining urban infrastructures and outdoor areas, including engineers, landscape architects, designers, biosolids management leaders, contractors/consultants, developers, builders, city planners, arborists, foresters, urban gardeners, researchers, and educators

It will even include a tour of what is being called "America's Greenest Street"--the Chicago Department of Transportation’s (CDOT) $14 million Cermak-Blue Island Sustainable Streetscape Project. According to the promotional piece for the conference, the first phase was completed in 2012 and the 1.5-mile stretch of Blue Island Avenue and Cermak Road incorporates eight sustainability performance areas. Some of them include native plants, recycled and local materials, and energy efficient kiosk lighting that is partly powered by wind and solar. High-albedo pavement reduces the urban heat island and photocatalytic cement helps remove nitrogen oxide from the air. The site also uses no potable water and prevents 80% of average annual rainfall from entering nearby combined sewers.

Of course, Christy and I will talk about the usual stuff, too--the harsh winter, getting your garden going for the spring and a lot more.

Preserving oaks and more with Preserve Lake County

There are a lot of great conservation organizations in the Chicago region and Conserve Lake County is one of them. It started out in 1995 as the Liberty Prairie Conservancy by citizens concerned about development pressures that threatened a unique public/private conservation effort known as the Liberty Prairie Reserve. That effort focused on land use planning and ecological restoration within the 5,800 acre reserve and was successful in protecting more than 3,300 acres and hundreds of acres of habitat are being restored.

In 2004, the mission became county-wide, and since then, programs were launched like Conservation@Home, which helps citizens protect nature in their own backyards, and the Local Food Initiative, which is designed to bring more local food production and sustainable agriculture to Lake County.

Preserve Lake County is also interested in preserving our oak trees and, to that end, has instituted a program called the Chicago Region Oak Recovery Program. You might remember that author Doug Tallamy, who wrote the book Bringing Nature Home, has appeared on my show several times, and he considers oak trees to be among the best plants to support biodiversity. Preserve Lake County says simply, "Plant an Oak Tree."

Why?

According to Sarah Surroz, Conservation and Outreach Manager for Conserve Lake County,

Oaks are considered “keystone” species in Northeastern Illinois, driving much of the
biodiversity in the region.

Unfortunately, oak ecosystems are in decline across the state, and significantly so in the Chicago area. Oak ecosystems are under intense, combined pressure from a number of threats including

• habitat fragmentation
• development
• direct cutting
• invasive species
• changing climate
• lack of management
• severe reproductive failure

There is an urgent need for action, and it must be coordinated across a range of institutions and geographies. No single agency or organization can address this issue alone. This project will establish the framework for a comprehensive, coordinated oak recovery effort across NE Illinois. This directly targets the needs identified by the IL Forest Action Plan, which identified oak decline as a major threat to woodland resources. Furthermore, the project meets many of the priority actions of the Forests Campaign and Green Cities Campaign in the Illinois Wildlife Action Plan. It also supports priority goals and objectives at regional and national levels.

According to Surroz, it is estimated that only 12% of our oak communities remain compared to the 1830’s. And while some oaks are protected on public lands, the trees that grow on private property need to be protected, too. Protecting the oaks species will, in turn, protect many, many other species.

I'm pleased to have Sarah on the program today. She is joined by Jim Anderson, who is Natural Resource Manager for the Lake County Forest Preserve District.

The Mike Nowak Show comes to the Green Metropolis Fair on April 27!

We hit the road again in a couple of weeks, as The Mike Nowak Show will be broadcast live at the Green Metropolis Fair on Sunday, April 27. from 10am-5pm at the Irish American Heritage Center, 4626 N. Knox Avenue, Chicago IL 60630. In addition to my show from 9:00 to 11:00 a.m., here's what you can look forward to at this FREE EVENT:

  • Hands on family-friendly activities: farm animals, composting, gardening stalls and more!
  • Retail market with local sustainable business vendors.
  • Food market with local restaurants and chefs.
  • Presentations on organic gardening, sustainable living, energy savings, composting, CSAs, and more!

The full program is HERE.

There is plenty of free parking, and the center is conveniently located off 90/94. However, if you want to be greener, take the CTA Blue Line to the Montrose stop and walk from there, or grab a bus. If you want to be REALLY green, ride your bike!. Bike parking is available.

Of course, check them out on Facebook.

This morning, event organizer Mary Beth Rebedeau of Green Parents Network (GPN) joins me on the show. You can contact her via email (above) or at 708.361.6000 or 708.641.2752 (cell).

 

April 6 , 2014

Thank you for your support of Attack of the Killer Asparagus!

It's all done but the shouting. We made our $5,000 Kickstarter goal and then some, finishing with a total of $5,875 in backing for my very first book, Attack of the Killer Asparagus and Other Lessons Not Learned in the Garden, with illustrations by Allyson Hunter, published by Around the Block Press.

All I can say is THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU to all of our backers! Now to the hard work of getting the book into print. More to follow.

Keeping your lawn eco-friendly with Melinda Myers

The last time my buddy Melinda Myers was on the show was on December 8 as we were heading into the Christmas season. At the time, her new book, The Midwest Gardener's Handbook, had just been published. Not only that, but she was in the process of unveling THREE other books...while I'm happy just to have ONE which is about to be released. Sigh.

The others are the The Minnesota and Wisconsin Getting Started Garden Guide, the Michigan Getting Started Garden Guide .and Month-by-Month Gardening Minnesota & Wisconsin, all of which were released mid-January..

Melinda describes the Midwest Gardener's Handbook as "for the more experienced intermediate to advanced gardener." It's nice to see that, because, in my opinion, when a book tries to include novice gardeners as well as veterans, it can sometimes shortchange the more experienced gardeners.

Believe me, if you've been out in your back yard once or twice before, you will find this book to be an invaluable resource. When she says "Midwest," she ain't kidding. Melinda even has specific Hardiness Zone maps for Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio, and Wiscosnin. Now, I suppose you could argue that some of those are "plains" states, but she's not taking any chances.

Then she divides the book into the categories of plants you are likely to grow, including annuals, bulbs, groundcovers and vines, lawns, perennials and ornamental grasses, roses, shrubs, trees and vegetables. There are even quick primers on pruning and creating raised beds.

For each category of plant, there is an overview, a look at design, oil preparation and potential pests and diseases. Then there's a list of what are basically the most well-known plants in that category, along with their particular needs and traits. Finally, in each section there's a calendar of when to get things done for that particular kind of plant.

Along the way, there are numerous sidebars, with tips on things like forcing and storing bulbs, how to buy the right number of plants for an area, a look at common rose diseases, trannsplanting trees and shrubs, even how to make growing vegetables fun (because sometimes, honestly, it isn't).

Today she is back, in honor of spring, which, I swear, might actually arrive someday. The timing is good, because I just finished back to back talks for the Linn County, Iowa Master Gardeners and for the good folks up at the Klehm Arboretum & Botanic Garden, both on the subject of natural lawn care, which I call "Guys on Grass." (You can see the photo of the attendees to the Klehm Arboretum talk with me on my home page.)

Which means that I'm prepared to discuss eco-friendly lawn care and weed control strategies today with Ms. Myers. We'll talk about proper care (including fertilizing) along with other practices that are your best defense against weeds. Another thing you should know about is how weeds are indicators of other issues, and we'll throw in some basic lawn selection and care.

A seed-lending library takes root in Downers Grove

Take a look at the logo in the left column. According to Vicki Nowicki, founder of Liberty Gardens, it represents the American Family Tree of our Food Heritage from Native American foods to the complex cuisines that were brought here by millions of immigrants over 500 years which have combined to make an incredible, diverse food supply. Unfortunately, as she points out, more than 90% of those varieties have vanished now.

But she intends to do something about that, starting Saturday, April 12. And she's looking for folks to join in her mission.

On that date, Liberty Gardens will open a "seed-lending library" in Downers Grove at 2:00 p.m. at the Downers Grove Historical Museum at 831 Maple Avenue. Here's how it works. There will be a free, comprehensive, educational program on how to save seeds. People will then be invited to pick out 5 varieties of "starter" seeds and asked to sign a pledge that they will indeed grow the seeds and let a few plants go to seed.

After recording what they are taking home, they will choose a bonus packet of novelty seeds that can be grown without saving. If they follow through, they will be able to actually return what they borrowed and someone else will be able to check out seeds for that variety. People will even vote on the vegetable they most want to grow, which will be listed on the Seed Savers Exchange Yearbook.

Vicki reports that as of this moment, there are almost 3000 packets of heirloom and open-pollinated seeds ready to be lent out.  Some are rare and endangered varieties. She notes that they have 4 acres of land at the Museum for display gardens and even a garden that will allow people to practice harvesting seeds.

Why is she doing it? She writes:

 A library like this is intended to put our seed supply back into the hands of the families and the communities and help people become aware of their heritage.  We will try to make our seeds precious again, even sacred.

Amen, sister. She joins us briefly this morning on the show.

Robert Colangelo and the challenge on the new urban farm

If you're a listener to Chicago's progressive talk, the name Robert Colangelo might sound familiar. That's because, for a short time, his program, Green $ense Radio, was a part of the lineup on Chicago's Progressive Talk. Nowadays, you can find Green $ense Radio--in short form (one minute) and long form (30 minutes)--on a number of stations around the country, including WBBM in Chicago. Here's how he describes it:

Green $ense Radio provides an inside look at the different market sectors that make up the New Green Economy, so you can decide which sustainable long term growth opportunities will create profit for people and benefit the planet. Green $ense Radio is here to empower you to make valuable decisions that will change your world and your wallet!

But that's just one aspect of what Colangelo is doing. He's not just talking the talk, he's walking the walk with Green Sense Farms, located just across the state line in Portage, Indiana. He has taken local, indoor, urban farming to a new level:

At Green Sense Farms we take an eco-friendly approach to farming by creating an indoor vertical farm close to the consumer. Our growing facility allows us to control the environment so that we can consistently grow a high quality crop that can be harvested many times per year. The quality and freshness of our produce is enhanced through our ability to precisely control the temperature, humidity, light, water and organic nutrients that are delivered to each plant, thereby maximizing the yield and minimizing the footprint of our farm by recycling water and nutrients. Our produce is harvested and available to the retail consumer 365 days a year and can be delivered to a store near you within 48 hours.

I spent a couple of hours at his operation and I was blown away by what Colangelo has been able to accomplish. He's literally looking to transform the production of fresh, healthy vegetables by using a controlled environment that takes the guesswork out of soil, seeding, fertilizing, light, and even weather! He calls it an indoor vertical farm, and I can pretty much guarantee that you've never seen anything like it.

He says that it took his team about eight years to perfect their system...and they're still working on it, so perhaps it's not quite perfect. Again, from the Green Sense Farms website:

Our technology consists of trays that sit on 25 foot tall carousels in an indoor growing room with a specially designed air circulation system and energy efficient LED growing lights. This combination of technology allows us to create the perfect growing conditions and a pristine, chemical free environment. Through continual research we are always improving the system to optimize the computer operated delivery of water and nutrients so what is not used by the plants is recycled.

Recognizing that food travels many miles from the farm to the table we spent a considerable amount of time selecting a location for our farm so that our locally grown vegetable can be delivered fresh to the consumer year round. Nine million consumers are within a 100 mile radius of our Portage, IN farm.

This might very well be the future of farming in America, and the world.

I'm pleased to have Robert Colangelo in the studio with me this morning.

Debunking bad science one Eco-myth at a time

As you can see, there's a lot of stuff on the show today. But I decide that had to squeeze in one more thing.

EcoMyths Alliance is a not for profit media organization based in Chicago that uses science to debunk myths about the environment. Their goal is to make conservation science approachable and entertaining and, at the same time, empower people with simple solutions to make more sustainable choices in their daily lives. Works for me.

Among the myths they have tackled lately:

That last one is of particular interest to me, as I just finished a couple of talks about that very subject (see above)

Anyway, EcoMyths Alliance has an upcoming event, which they call the Naturally Funny Gala, which  will support the development of both EcoMyths' new environmental science curriculum for middle and high school students, and their complementary myth-busting video series.

EcoMyths' STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) education partner in this project is National Wildlife Federation's Eco-Schools USA. The series of EcoMyths video shorts will be written, acted, and produced by The Second City.

To talk about this unusual event, EcoMyths founder and president Kate Sackman stops by the WCPT studios this morning. If she doesn't bust myths for me, she darned well better be funny. Uh...that's a joke.

 

March 30, 2014

Just hours left to support Attack of the Killer Asparagus!

We crashed through our $5,000 Kickstarter goal several days ago but that doesn't mean that you can't jump on the bandwagon and support my very first book, Attack of the Killer Asparagus and Other Lessons Not Learned in the Garden . The deadline is Tuesday, April 1 at 8:41 a.m. CDT. And to encourage folks to become backers, we just added a couple of nifty premiums.

  • For a $200 pledge (and you can always upgrade to that if you've already pledged less), you and a guest will attend an exclusive luncheon at the fabulous Uncommon Ground Restaurant on Devon Avenue with publisher Kathleen Thompson of Around the Block Press, and author whatshisname (that's me). As a bonus, you will be treated to a tour Uncommon Ground's organic rooftop farm--the first such certified farm in America.
  • For $250, you will sit in as a guest on The Mike Nowak Show and go out for lunch afterward with Mike (again, that's me) and publisher Kathleen Thompson. And, yes, you will receive a book, too. (There's only one of these left.)

There are also the other premiums--autographed books and even art by my wonderful illustrator Allyson Hunter. But you have mere hours to get on board!

And to the hundred or so folks who have already signed on, all I can say is "thank you." I think you will enjoy the book.

Fearless Food Gardening in Chicagoland with LaManda Joy

If LaManda Joy from the Peterson Garden Project is back in studio this morning, surely that must mean that the growing season is just around the corner. I do have seeds growing in my house even as you read this but I have begun to fear that there will never be another summer in Chicago. Heck, I've already given up on spring and I'm putting my sights on June.

Even if gardening still seems like a long way off, LaManda has something to keep hope alive. It's a new book by the PGP called Fearless Food Gardening in Chicagoland, a month-by-month growing Guide for beginners. And not just any beginners--this book is for folks in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 & 6, which means Chicago and nearby communities, who want to grow their food organically.

What I like about this book is that it's not pretentious but it is specific. Authors Teresa Gale and LaManda set out to put folks at ease about growing their own food. I'm not exactly sure why, but many people seem almost proud about their ability to kill plants. I think that is often a cover for their insecurity.

Well, after reading this book, there will be no reason to be insecure about planting seeds, tending the plants as they grow and harvesting the literal fruits of your labors. The book takes you through the year chronologically--January to December--and includes tips, how-to illustrations and educational tidbits all along the way. For example, these are just some of the topics that are covered:

  • The truth about seeds
  • Crops for part sun and crops for dappled sun
  • Seeds or seedlings?
  • How to read a seed packet
  • Preparing your soil
  • Watering dos and don'ts
  • Pest and disease management
  • Harvest hints
  • Winter gardening

and much, much more. I've already learned a lot, and I think I knew a couple of things before I picked up the book. This belongs in your gardening library.

One more thing: the Peterson Garden Project has its own Kickstarter campaign going. They call it Fearless Food--A Teaching Kitchen for Everyone. They still have about three weeks left to raise a modest $2,000 or so to reach their goal of $5500. Here's how they described their project:

Peterson Garden Project will open The Fearless Food Kitchen community education teaching kitchen in the Broadway Armory on Chicago's North Side, with cooking classes for everyone, events, and community programming for families, kids and older adults. We're asking you to help us buy utensils and equipment, so poor Chef Jeff can open that wine. He really needs it after trying to scramble eggs without a bowl.

It's a great organization and a great cause. I hope you can help out.

It's the end of the world as we know it...but when?

A couple of weeks ago, this headline caught my eye:

Nasa-funded study: industrial civilisation headed for 'irreversible collapse'?
Natural and social scientists develop new model of how 'perfect storm' of crises could unravel global system

It was a story in The Guardian written by Dr Nafeez Ahmed, executive director of the Institute for Policy Research & Development and author of A User's Guide to the Crisis of Civilisation: And How to Save It among other books.

Well, when NASA is funding end of the world studies, it certainly makes me sit up and take notice. I can't speak for the rest of you. Ahmed points out that the study was independent and NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center provided a minor grant to the project. But the results are not pretty--Ahmed reports that the study concludes that civilizations have collapsed before (Romans and Mayans) and there's no reason to think it couldn't happen again:

Modelling a range of different scenarios, Motesharrei and his colleagues conclude that under conditions "closely reflecting the reality of the world today... we find that collapse is difficult to avoid." In the first of these scenarios, civilisation:

".... appears to be on a sustainable path for quite a long time, but even using an optimal depletion rate and starting with a very small number of Elites, the Elites eventually consume too much, resulting in a famine among Commoners that eventually causes the collapse of society. It is important to note that this Type-L collapse is due to an inequality-induced famine that causes a loss of workers, rather than a collapse of Nature."

Another scenario focuses on the role of continued resource exploitation, finding that "with a larger depletion rate, the decline of the Commoners occurs faster, while the Elites are still thriving, but eventually the Commoners collapse completely, followed by the Elites."

In both scenarios, Elite wealth monopolies mean that they are buffered from the most "detrimental effects of the environmental collapse until much later than the Commoners", allowing them to "continue 'business as usual' despite the impending catastrophe."

It was with that in mind that I listened to a conversation just a few days later on the Thom Hartmann Program on Chicago's Progressive Talk. The guest was Guy R. McPherson, Professor Emeritus of Natural Resources and Ecology & Evolutionary Biology at the University of Arizona. He has a blog called Nature Bats Last, which contains something he calls his Climate-change summary and update. That's a pretty innocuous-sounding title for a blog that contains world-shattering conclusions:

If you're too busy to read the evidence presented below, here's the bottom line: On a planet 4 C hotter than baseline, all we can prepare for is human extinction (from Oliver Tickell's 2008 synthesis in the Guardian ). Tickell is taking a conservative approach, considering humans have not been present at 3.5 C above baseline (i.e., the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, commonly accepted as 1750). According to the World Bank's 2012 report , “Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided” and an informed assessment of “ BP Energy Outlook 2030 ” put together by Barry Saxifrage for the Vancouver Observer , our path leads directly to the 4 C mark. The 19th Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 19), held in November 2013 in Warsaw, Poland, was warned by professor of climatology Mark Maslin: “We are already planning for a 4°C world because that is where we are heading. I do not know of any scientists who do not believe that.” Adding to planetary misery is a paper in the 16 December 2013 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences concluding that 4 C terminates the ability of Earth's vegetation to sequester atmospheric carbon dioxide.

I'm not sure what it means to plan for 4 C (aka extinction). I'm not impressed that civilized scientists claim to be planning for it, either.

By the way, if you want to hear McPherson's conversation with Thom Hartmann, you can find the video on this page. What caught my attention as I listened that day was his dire prediction that the beginning of the end could occur not by mid-century, as many predict, but in less than a decade. This, as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is prepared to release its latest report tomorrow. According to The Guardian:

Climate change has already left its mark "on all continents and across the oceans ", damaging food crops, spreading disease, and melting glaciers , according to the leaked text of a blockbuster UN climate science report due out on Monday.

And from The Associated Press:

The key message from leaked drafts and interviews with the authors and other scientists: The big risks and overall effects of global warming are far more immediate and local than scientists once thought. It's not just about melting ice, threatened animals and plants. It's about the human problems of hunger, disease, drought, flooding, refugees and war, becoming worse.

McPherson will likely consider this information too little, too late. He points his finger at politicians, heads of non-governmental organizations, corporate leaders and, of course, the media. He writes:

If you think we'll adapt, think again. The rate of evolution trails the rate of climate change by a factor of 10,000 , according to a paper in the August 2013 issue of Ecology Letters . And it's not as if extinction events haven't happened on this planet, as explained in the BBC program, The Day the Earth Nearly Died .

The rate of climate change clearly has gone beyond linear, as indicated by the presence of the myriad self-reinforcing feedback loops described below, and now threatens our species with extinction in the near term. As Australian biologist Frank Fenner said in June 2010 : “We're going to become extinct,” the eminent scientist says. “Whatever we do now is too late.” Anthropologist Louise Leakey ponders our near-term demise in her 5 July 2013 assessment at Huffington Post and her father Richard joins the fray in this video from December 2013 (see particularly 1:02:18 – 1:02:56). Canadian wildlife biologist Neil Dawe joins the party of near-term extinction in an interview 29 August 2013 and musician-turned-activist Sir Bob Geldof joins the club in a Daily Star article from 6 October 2013 . In the face of near-term human extinction, most Americans view the threat as distant and irrelevant, as illustrated by a 22 April 2013 article in the Washington Post based on poll results that echo the long-held sentiment that elected officials should be focused on the industrial economy, not far-away minor nuisances such as climate change.

I certainly don't have time to go into all of the reasons why he sees this happening, but above and beyond our ability to pump unlimited amounts of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane into our atmosphere, McPherson identifies 32 self-reinforcing, exponential, non-linear feedback loops that human activity has triggered.

Not surprisingly, McPherson is a controversial figure. In various blog posts, he refers to himself as a prophet, a court jester and as throwing Molotov cocktails into conversations. He lives in a place he calls the "Mud Hut." He calls people who think we can reverse or even mitigate the environmental damage we have caused "hopium" addicts. Yet, Thom Hartmann himself thought it necessary to pen a piece called Hope Dies Last in response to McPherson's bleak outlook. Perhaps it's because one of Hartmann's favorite phrases is "Despair is not an option."

Scott K. Johnson, a geoscience educator, hydrogeologist, and freelance science writer contributing at Ars Technica , rebuts McPherson's claims in a piece called How Guy McPherson gets it wrong. Writes Johnson:

In many ways, McPherson is a photo-negative of the self-proclaimed “climate skeptics” who reject the conclusions of climate science. He may be advocating the opposite conclusion, but he argues his case in the same way. The skeptics often quote snippets of science that, on full examination, doesn't actually support their claims, and this is McPherson's  modus operandi . The skeptics dismiss science they don't like by saying that climate researchers lie to keep the grant money coming; McPherson dismisses inconvenient science by claiming that scientists are downplaying risks because they're too cowardly to speak the truth and flout our corporate overlords. Both malign the IPCC as “political” and therefore not objective. And both will cite nearly any claim that supports their views, regardless of source— putting evidence-free opinions on par with scientific research. (In one example I can't help but highlight, McPherson cites a survivalist blog warning that Earth's atmosphere is running out of oxygen.)

McPherson bills himself as a scientist simply passing along the science (even as he dismisses climate scientists and their work), but he cites nearly as many blog posts and newspaper columns as published studies. When he does cite a study, it's often clear that he hasn't taken the time to actually read it, depending instead on a news story about it. He frequently gets the information from the study completely wrong, which is a difficult thing for most readers to check given that most papers are behind paywalls (not to mention that scientific papers aren't easy to understand).

We'll find out how McPherson responds to that criticsm because he's in studio this morning in anticipation of Guy McPherson: Climate Talk in Chicago at Multikulti Chicago this (Sunday) afternoon from 3-5pm. Then, tomorrow evening, he will be speaking at Paul Henry's Art Gallery in Hammond, Indiana on Tuesday, April 1st at 7pm. McPherson will offer a 1 hour presentation and then a question and answer session for a second hour.

I'm also pleased to have Kari Lydersen in studio with me today. As she explains on her website, she is a "Chicago-based reporter specializing in energy, the environment, labor, public health and immigration issues, and the myriad and complicated way such topics intersect." Indeed.

As a contributor to Midwest Energy News, a not-for-profit site dedicated to keeping citizens informed about the clash of new and old energy systems, Kari has covered many of the issues that often find their way onto my own program. Here is a sampling of her latest work:

She is the person who broke the story about how petcoke piles were appearing on Chicago's southeast side.

And she has written several books, including her recent effort about Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel, Mayor 1%. Unfortunately, a discussion about that will have to wait for another day. This morning we have more pressing matters to talk about--like the end of the world.

 

March 23, 2014

Support Attack of the Killer Asparagus!

We're in the home stretch for the Kickstarter campaign for my very first book, Attack of the Killer Asparagus. With 9 days to go, we just passed $4,000 on our way to $5,000. All the money will go towards publication of the book by Around the Block Press, And don't forget that there are cool premiums, like autographed books and illustrations by Allyson Hunter.

Help me get over the top! Become a backer today!

Doug Taron delivers his "State of the Butterflies" report

That monarch butterflies are in deep trouble should not be a surprise to anybody who is paying the least bit of attention to our environment. This December article in the New York Times presents for staggering and disturbing numbers:

The migrating population has become so small — perhaps 35 million, experts guess — that the prospects of its rebounding to levels seen even five years ago are diminishing. At worst, scientists said, a migration widely called one of the world's great natural spectacles is in danger of effectively vanishing.

The Mexican government and the World Wildlife Fund said at a news conference on Wednesday that the span of forest inhabited by the overwintering monarchs shrank last month to a bare 1.65 acres — the equivalent of about one and a quarter football fields. Not only was that a record low, but it was just 56 percent of last year's total, which was itself a record low.

At their peak in 1996, the monarchs occupied nearly 45 acres of forest.
(Italics mine.)

A story in the Washington Post attributes the decline to three major factors:

Deforestation in Mexico, recent bouts of severe weather, and the growth of herbicide-based agriculture destroying crucial milkweed flora in the Midwest.

Is there a chance of turning this around or will the iconic butterfly disappear completely within our lifetimes? In February, US President Barack Obama, Canadian Prime Minister Steven Harper and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto announced that their countries would set up a task force to create a plan to for protecting the monarch migration, which occurs in all three countries. As the monarchs prepare for their northward migration in 2014, things don't look very good, according to USA Today:

One of the sure signs of warmer months to come — monarch butterflies — might be harder to find this year, according to butterfly tracker Craig Wilson, a senior research associate at Texas A&M University.

In fact, 2014 may go down as one of their worst years ever because of several issues now occurring in Texas, Wilson said.

The colorful insects are under stress because of ongoing drought, an unusually cold winter and a lack of milkweed, their primary food source.

"Unfortunately, the harsh and lingering cold conditions mean that the milkweed plants that monarch caterpillars must have to live have yet to start growing, and these are the only plants on which they can lay eggs to provide food for their caterpillars," he said.

But is the monarch the only butterfly in decline or is it just the one with the highest profile?

One of the people who has been to Mexico to visit the monarch's winter home is Doug Taron, PhD, Curator of Biology and Vice President of Conservation and Research at the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum . Personally, I think of him as "the butterfly guy," for his work on imperiled butterflies in the Midwest, particularly butterflies of the wetlands. He also leads the Museum's work with Illinois Butterfly Monitoring Network, which engages citizen scientists to collect data on butterfly populations.

In case you haven't been to the museum, it is home, among other exhibits, to the Judy Istock Butterfly Haven, which houses 75 species of exotic butterflies and stunning bird species from the Southern hemisphere in a 2,700 square-foot greenhouse.

One of the Midwest species that Taron and his colleagues have been trying to help is the swamp metalmark. Late last summer, he and his crew released about 20 of the butterflies in Bluff Spring Fen in Elgin. Think about it--they released 20 adults and considered it a huge victory, after having painstakingly raised them over the course of months!

There are other endangered butterflies that Taron has worked with, including the Regal Fritillary. I'm pleased to have Dr. Taron on my show this morning, after an absence of too many years.

By the way, if you're interested in how you can help the monarch, the first place to go is Monarch Watch, "an educational outreach program based at the University of Kansas that engages citizen scientists in large-scale research projects. This program produces real data that relate to a serious conservation issue."

If you want to start your own monarch butterfly garden, here's a place to start.

What has happened to the stars?

At 8:30 p.m. on Saturday, March 29, parts of Chicago will be going dark, including

  • Willis Tower
  • Chicago Title and Trust Building
  • John Hancock Center

It's all in the service of Earth Hour, the single largest, symbolic mass participation event in the world. Earth Hour encourages millions of people in 7,000 cities and towns across 152 countries and territories to switch lights off for an hour as a massive show of concern for the environment.

The World Wildlife Fund, which is behind the effort, suggests ongoing ways to reduce your carbon footprint, including

  • Reducing Electricity Use : Go solar; switch to LED light bulbs in your home; turn off your AC in the summer when you leave your home.
  • Changing your Method of Transportation : Ride your bike or public transportation (if you live in the city); switch to a hybrid or electric vehicle (in you live in the suburbs).
  • Eliminating Food Waste : Americans throw away between 30-50 percent of their food. A small, simple solution is to mark an area in your fridge as “eat now” so you throw away less food.

While the idea of Earth Hour is to make us look at our energy use, there is another benefit to turning off the lights.

You can see the stars.

It saddens me to think that many urban (and suburban!) children have never seen the Milky Way. Once you have, your understanding of the universe is never the same again. To get an idea of what you're missing, look at this time lapse video by TSO Photography, which was taken on El Teide, Spain´s highest mountain and one of the best places in the world to photograph the stars

And, as this video shows, excessive light isn't just about losing the stars. I can have profound and negative effects on many animals--including adverse health effects on humans.

That's why groups like the Illinois Coalition for Responsible Outdoor Lighting challenges businesses and individuals to reduce the amount of wasted ambient light. Here, they show the difference between good and bad light fixtures.

Audrey Fischer is director of the Chicago Astronomical Society (founded 1862!) and founder & co-chair of One Star at a Time / Global Star Park Network. She is working to get the City of Chicago to reduce its light pollution. She advocates

• A total re-thinking of how to light Chicago to dramatically reduce light pollution and noticeably increase starlight over Chicago, and its neighbors.
• Why there should be a moratorium for installation of bright white/ high blue spectrum LED streetlights.
• Why Chicago ought to stop its current lighting mandate that demands streetlights shine to-the-keyhole-of-the-front-door of typical residential Chicago home. This same light trespass also filters in through many bedroom windows… causing harm to citizens (by interrupting essential melatonin production).
• Lighting options that can increase efficiency by up to 80% without harming people or environment.

She notes that if Chicago makes a transition to bright white LEDs, it could increase it's light pollution to up to five times the current levels because blue scatters the most of any color in the spectrum. She notes that according to satellite readings, Chicago is already the most light-polluted city in the world, affecting communities as far as 150 miles away. In 2012, Cook County passed legislation to reduce the effects of light pollution.

If you're wondering why energy-saving LEDs are a problem, Fischer notes they are most efficient in the blue-white spectrum, which creates the most light pollution. LEDs can be manufactured to perform using a different part of the spectrum, but they won't be quite as efficient...which is quite a dilemma. Even with LEDs in place, the simplest answer seems to be to turn them off once in awhile!

As I mentioned before, excessive light can also cause physical problems. And because the National Park Service predicts that by 2025, 90% of Americans will never see a starry night sky in their whole lives, the health implications are enornous.

Again, from Audrey Fischer:

Light pollution is linked to significantly higher rates of breast, prostate and colon cancers; type 2 diabetes; mental, memory and mood disorders including depression and suicide; and obesity. . . all commonly linked to the circadian disruption literally turning "off" the switch for the body's ability to produce essential melatonin. Wildlife and ecosystem is also harmfully impacted through circadian disruption and other issues of manmade light pollution.

I'm please to have her in studio this morning, along with Mark Hammergren, PhD, Astronomer and Director of the Astro-Science Workshop at the Adler Planetarium. Joining us on the phone to address the medical aspects of this problem is Dr. David Blask, Professor of Structural and Cellular Biology at the Department of Structural & Cellular Biology, Tulane University School Medicine and the Tulane Cancer Center.

Strap in--it's going to be a star-studded ride.

March 16, 2014

Kudos to the Team for last week's show!

I start with a round of thank you's to my great team for filling in last week while I was off on my great New York adventure--Lisa Albrecht, Dennis Schetter, guest star Kathleen Thompson and Kerry Morris, who stepped in at the last minute to help us on the phones.

To recap my week, I attended the ReelAbilities: NY Disabilities Film Festival in Manhattan, where scenes from The Signal Season of Dummy Hoy, a play I co-authored with Allen Meyter 28 years ago, were performed. The play is based on the true story of William Ellsworth Hoy, a deaf baseball player who was in the major leagues from 1888 to 1903. In April, the play will have a full production, presented by the New York Deaf Theatre.

The ReelAbilities event was an honor for Allen and me, as was the chance to sit in on a couple of rehearsals of the production by the New York Deaf Theatre, which will open on April 3. I'm definitely going back to Nueva York to see one or two performances of the play, though I will make sure it's on a weekday night, so I don't have to miss my radio show on Sunday. I can't handle the withdrawal symptoms.

And, while it might seem to be annoying at this point, I do have to continue to promote the Kickstarter campaign for my very first book, Attack of the Killer Asparagus. Kathleenh Thompson, bless her soul, talked quite a bit about it last week. That's because she's not only my partner and webmaster, she is the founder and queen bee of Around the Block Press, which is publishing this magnum opus.

We're right on schedule to raise enough money to get the book published, but only if folks keep on signing up to be backers. I hope you click on the link above and get involved. I will sleep better.

She's "Taming Wildflowers" but who will tame Miriam Goldberger?

Long time listeners will remember that for awhile, one of my sponsors was a product called Eco-Lawn. It was developed by the people at a place called Wildflower Farm, and they described it as

a blend of carefully selected fine fescue grass seeds developed by Wildflower Farm.
Eco-Lawn is a lawn grass that grows in full sun, part shade and even deep shade! Highly drought tolerant Eco-Lawn has a beautiful deep green grass colour. Eco-Lawn requires less fertilizing and can be mown like a regular lawn or left un-mown for a free-flowing carpet effect.

Of course, the give away is the way the word "colour" is spelled. They're freakin' Canadians! Run for your lives!!

Or not.

Miriam Goldberger and her husband Paul Jenkins are actually quite nice people who are doing their best to introduce gardeners to the wonderful world of native plants. And they've been doing it since the 1990s, which, is a long time ago, unhappily for people like me who still remember the 60s. And after working this long with those plants, Miriam decided to write a book to help spread the gospel of natives.

Thus was born Taming Wildflowers, published by St. Lynn's Press. In it, Ms. Goldberger attempts to introduce the non-initiated to a few native plants with which they can feel comfortable--about 60, all told. That's a pretty manageable number, given how many native plants are out there.

And one of the tricks she uses to ease her readers into her world view is to use the term "wildflowers" as often as possible. Yes, I'm sure it has something to do with reinforcing the name of her company, but I think it also puts people more at ease to talk about "wildflowers" instead of "native species."

As in many gardening books, she walks us throught the list of her favorite wildflowers, giving the basic facts, such as height, color, bloom time, soil, moisture, deer resistance (always helpful), edible/not edible (again, always helpful, especially if you've been stranded on a prairie), and the places that the plant is native to.

But she also has chapters on the various kinds of pollinators--from bees to moths to butterflies to flies to human beings. She echoes the sentiment of the widely respected Doug Tallamy, who says that if we don't have native plants, we lose our insect biomass. If we lose our insect biomass, we lose our birds and mammals that depend on insects for food. If we lose birds and mammals...well, we're screwed. It's pretty simple, really.

Miriam also has sections on seed starting, how to plant various types of gardens with wildflowers, creating wildflower bouquets, and how to weave wildflowers into a wedding design.

If you think that you could never do what Miriam Goldberger does, consider this from the book:

I never planned to fall in love with wildflowers. In fact, my interest in wildflowers began purely as a business relationship. I was growing thousands of high maintenance annual and perennial flowers for my pick-your-own flower farm. I needed to grow more flowers but couldn't afford the time or money it would cost to grow more high maintenance flowers. What to do? Over and over, my research led to the same conclusion: perennial wildflowers and native grasses lived longer, needed minimal maintenance, and were stunningly beautiful in both garden and vase. Then and there, this desperate and exhausted gardener began to grow wildflowers from seed. And I haven't looked back.

Let me put it this way. If you've been intimidated by the idea of putting native plants in your yard, you should pick up this book. It will put you at ease. One of the ways Miriam does that is by including some of her favorite plants that are NOT natives. She understands that it's a big world and that including non-natives in moderation is not a sin. You go, girl!

It's a treat to have my friend Miriam Golderberger back on the show this morning.

Speaking of wildflowers, Cathy McGlynn has some advice

Cathy McGlynn of the Northeast Illinois Invasive Plant Partnership is back on the show this morning, to tell us about her participation in the Chicago Flower & Garden Show, which opened yesterday. She tells me that she is appearing there in an effort to get gardeners make informed choices about the plants they put in their yards.

This was brought home to me last fall when I attended an NIIPP seminar at the Chicago Botanic Garden called "Invasive Ornamental Plant Symposium and Working Group." It brought to light that a number of plants that are regularly sold at garden centers are now suspected of being invasive. One of those plants is a big favorite in the "green" industry: Callery Pear. You might be growing a cultivar called Bradford Pear in your yard right now.

Here's what the National Park Service has to say about it:

Once established Callery pear forms dense thickets that push out other plants including native species that can't tolerate the deep shade or compete with pear for water, soil and space. A single tree can spread rapidly by seed and vegetative means forming a sizeable patch within several years. Its success as an invader results from its capacity to produce copious amounts of seed that is dispersed by birds and possibly small mammals, seedlings that germinate and grow rapidly in disturbed areas and a general lack of natural controls like insects and diseases, with the exception of fire blight.

Yeesh. That's why people like Cathy McGlynn are so important and why I enjoy having her on my show.

March 9, 2014

While Mike's away, Mike's Team will play...and broadcast

First, I want to thank everybody involved in the Big Broadcast last week from Kolatek's Bakery & Deli. Not only were they gracious hosts on a snowy Sunday morning (most of us left the premises loaded down with incredible food), but Bart Kolatek was a wonderful guest. We're looking forward to coming back to the store in November for another show.

And thanks to Kolatek's for being a proud sponsor of Chicago's Progressive Talk.

As for this week's show, well, I'm not going to be here. I'm off to New York City to take part in a presentation that will happen at something called ReelAbilities: NY Disabilities Film Festival. A play I wrote with Allen Meyer in about 28 years ago will have scenes performed.

The play is called The Signal Season of Dummy Hoy and is based on the true story of William Ellsworth Hoy, a deaf baseball player who was in the major leagues from 1888 to 1903. In April, the play will have a full production, presented by the New York Deaf Theatre. By the way, if you want to see a video of Allen and an impossibly young version of me talking about the play when it first came out in 1987, take a look at this.

The point is that I am otherwise disposed this Sunday, so I'm putting Team Members Lisa Albrecht, Carol Brewer, Dennis Schetter and Kathleen Thompson in charge. I'm bringing them into the studio, locking the door and not letting them out until the dirty deed is done. Actually, I won't be around, so I don't know if the door will be locked. But I do know that my show is in capable hands.

One of the things that I'm sure will come up in conversation is the Kickstarter campaign that Kathleen and I started last Sunday to raise money to publish my very first book, Attack of the Killer Asparagus. Kathleen is not only my partner and webmaster, she is the founder and queen bee of Around the Block Press. And since that's the outfit that's publishing the book, she's going to say a few words on my behalf. Perhaps it's just as well that I'm out of town.

The Good Food Festival, Part Trois

For the past two weeks, I've been happy to be one of the media sponsors for the Good Food Festival--three days of teaching, learning, buying, schmoozing and eating...all in the name of local food. This is the 10th anniversary of what was a unique event when it started, and continues to be unique today.

This week, I'm pleased to have my Team talk to the big cheese himself--Jim Slama, who is the founder and president of FamilyFarmed.org, which is the organization behind the event. And because he's the man with the plan, he can explain the events of all three days:

Thursday, 3/13/14 - Good Food Financing & Innovation Conference
This is a day that connects funders with food businesses seeking financing. Past participants of the Financing Fair have raised over $5 million in funding. This year, Walter Robb, Co-CEO of Whole Foods Market, presents the keynote address.

Friday, 3/14/14 - Trade Show, School Food, and Policy Summit
These three tracks--food industry experts and a trade floor, discussions on advancing healthier foods for our schools, and discussions about food policy and networking--are introduced by Deborah Kane, Director of the USDA Farm-to-School Initiative who will be at the opening symposium.

Friday, 3/14/14, 7:00 - 9:30 p.m. - Localicious Party
Friday evening pairs Chicago's premier chefs who value local food sourcing with farmers for an evening of delicious food, the best local wines, beers and spirits and a live bluegrass band! It will also include a farmer and producer talent show!

Saturday, 3/15/14 - Festival and Workshops
Saturday brings together family farmers, local food artisans, chefs, educators, families and Good Food enthusiasts for a day of learning, eating, and connecting!  With a 3 hour Master Class, dozens of workshops, vendors, a Kid's Corner, chef demonstrations, and a Good Food Court, there's no better way to celebrate the Good Food Movement!

Joining Jim Slama is Paul Saginaw of the world famous Zingerman's Delicatessen in Ann Arbor, Michigan. What might be more impressive than creating a deli that has been called one of the best in America is creating the concept of the Zingerman's Community of Businesses. As they describe it on their own site,

The Zingerman's Community of Businesses (ZCoB) is a family of eight businesses all located in the Ann Arbor area and reflects the novel strategy for business growth created by Zingerman's Deli founders Paul Saginaw and Ari Weinzweig. Rather than replicating their deli through the franchise model, Paul and Ari instead chose to develop new, independent businesses, all rooted in our local community that work together as one organization. Each business is operated by one or more managing partners who share ownership and put their particular expertise to work in the day to day running of their business.

The Good Food Festival blog also has a piece about Zingerman's. Paul is talking twice on Friday, March 14 at the Good Food Conference--first at the Opening Symposium from 9-10:15am, then in a workshop called Grow Your Business With Value-Added Products from 2:30 to 3:45pm. In that one, Paul moderates the conversation with Chris Covelli, Tomato Mountain; Lee Greene, Scrumptious Pantry; Eric Rose, River Valley Ranch and Rick Terrien, Innovation Kitchens.

Going Green Matters in Wilmette

If you're looking for a way to spend a late winter afternoon thinking about ways to save the planet, you might want to consider heading north of Chicago to Wilmette for the eighth annual Going Green Matters community environmental fair presented by Go Green Wilmette and the Village of Wilmette.

The underlying theme for Going Green Matters 2014 is Water Matters.  Policy makers, experts and local and regional representatives will be there to field questions about Water Quality, Storm Water, Conservation and Recreation.  

In additions, there is are exhibits about gardening, natural spaces, and conservation. They range from a home-spun seed starting station to the exhibits of renowned national and regional organizations.  A quick sample of exhibitors includes: The Sierra Club, The Heller Nature Center,  the Climate Reality Project, The Peggy Notebaert Museum, Friends of Elmwood Dunes, The Organic Gardener, The Good Food Festival and Conference and Family Farmed.

Other highlights include cooking demonstrations by The Farmhouse Restaurant, the latest green cars, children's activities, the Go Green Café and native plant landscaping.  And something that is close to my heart is their popular recycling drive from 12 to 4 p.m. that includes electronics, styrofoam, textiles, shoes and bicycles.

Oh, did I mention that the Fair is entirely FREE...and that Lisa Albrecht will be there? It all takes place this afternoon, March 9, at the Woman's Club of Wilmette, 930 Greenleaf Avenue from 1-5 p.m. Grow Green Wilmette President Beth Drucker stops by this morning to talk to my Team about this great event.

March 2, 2014

Welcome to Kolatek's Bakery & Deli!

Anybody who is a regular listener to WCPT knows all about Kolatek's Bakery & Deli. They are a proud sponsor of Chicago's Progressive Talk, and we couldn't be happier that such a quality business likes what we do on the radio.

In fact, when I posted that we would be broadcasting The Mike Nowak Show from Kolatek's on Sunday, March 2, I was happy but not really surprised to see a tweet from friend of the show Rob Gardner at The Local Beet:

@ GoodFoodFestChi @ mikenow @ KolateksBakery -- wow. I've been singing praise of Kolateks for ages. In fact going today for smoked fish

If I actually knew how to do a screen shot, I would have posted that. But...baby steps...baby steps. And the ironic thing is that, as I sit here writing this post, I am snacking on some of that incredible smoked salmon, and getting greasy finger prints all over my brand new laptop computer. AND I DON'T CARE!

We are going to have a ball this Sunday morning, regardless of how much snow comes down overnight. And I extend an invitation for you to stop by the store today, tomorrow or anytime, just because they are that good.

However, there is a bonus for braving the weather and showing up today. Kolatek’s Bakery and Deli along with WCPT and The Mike Nowak Show are going to make one lucky listener a “Bread Winner” FOR THE REST OF 2014! But what does that mean? You might be asking.

-Kolatek’s has 44 varieties of homemade, artisan breads, which are Non-GMO, fresh-baked and made with all natural ingredients and no preservatives.

-To celebrate this we are going to give ONE WINNER a “golden ticket” of sorts. The ticket will entitle the winner to choose a free loaf of bread from Kolatek’s every week for the rest of 2014!

-With 44 weeks left in the year, and 44 different artisan breads you can experience them all, or get your favorite loaf every week. The choice is yours. (pending availability)

-To Enter: all you have to do is get down here to Kolatek’s Bakery and Deli (2445 N. Harlem Ave.) today during the live broadcast of The Mike Nowak Show and enter to win, ITS THAT SIMPLE! You must be present to enter, but not to win.

-The winner will be selected on Monday March 3rd, and will be contacted by WCPT staff, and mentioned on The WCPT FACEBOOK Page as well as on the MIKE NOWAK SHOW WEBSITE AND FACEBOOK PAGE.

C'mon, how cool is that?

And, during the show, I will be talking to Bart Kolatek about how his family started the business and the amazing variety of local, fresh, unusual and healthy foods they have in the store. Well, this is starting to sound like a commercial, so I'll leave it at that. And I hope you join us, whether in person or on the radio.

The Good Food Festival, part deux

Last week, I wrote about the tenth anniversary of what is now known as the Good Food Festival--three days of teaching, learning, buying, schmoozing and eating...all in the name of local food. Here is how the three days come together:

Thursday, 3/13/14 - Good Food Financing & Innovation Conference
Farmers, investors and Good Food business owners come together to to forge new connections and learn how to grow the Good Food system

Friday, 3/14/14 - Trade Show, School Food, and Policy Summit
Farmers, trade buyers, and other stakeholders learn to grow their businesses, discover new techniques and tips and interact with policy makers.

Friday, 3/14/14, 7:00 - 9:30 p.m. - Localicious Party
The party pairs family farmers with chef-driven restaurants for a sampling of homegrown cuisine and local libations to wash it all down.  Celebrate the farmers who grow our food and the chefs who transform it!

Saturday, 3/15/14 - Festival and Workshops
A crazy (in a good way) day, featuring an exhibit hall with more than 150 farms, local food artisans, restaurants, and non-profits, not to mention chefs demonstrations, workshops, food classes, a CSA farmer pavilion and more!

This is the second of three weeks that I am making room on my show for the Good Food Festival, as one of the media sponsors. Last week, I talked to Stephen Jones from the Bread Lab at Washington State University and Gilbert Williams of Lonesome Stone Milling in Wisconsin about the Spotlight on Ancient and Heirloom Grains workshops--one on Friday  and two on Saturday.

This week, I want to focus on Festival and Workshops on Saturday March 15th. During the day, you can visit

But there are also a boatload of workshops all day long. Some go as long as three hours, like the Urban Farm Tour, or the Good Food Master Class: Brew Your Own Beer seminar. Many are an hour and fifteen minutes long, such as So You Want to Start a Food Business? or Preserving Biodiversity: Practical Strategies for Home Gardeners or So You Want to be a Farmer?

One of those workshops is called Organic Vegetable Gardening for the Backyard Farmer and it features Jeanne Nolan, who was on the show last summer, when her book, FROM THE GROUND UP: A Food Grower's Education in Life, Love and the Movement That's Changing the Nation was published. You might also know her as the brains behind The Edible Gardens at Chicago's Lincoln Park Zoo , or part of the team that put together the country's first organic rooftop farm on top of Uncommon Ground Restaurant on Devon Avenue.

She is also the the founder of The Organic Gardener Ltd. , which has designed and installed vegetable gardens on rooftops, in schoolyards, and in suburban backyards all around Chicago. So, obviously, she knows her stuff. I'm thrilled to have her stop by Kolatek's to be on the show.

In the back of FROM THE GROUND UP are "10 lists of 10 Essentials for Every Aspiring Gardener." The lists I hope we can touch on this morning are "How to Grow a Food Garden, in Ten Steps," "Ten Ways to Tackle Weeds and Pests Without Chemicals," and "Ten Easy-to-Grow Vegetables for the Beginner Gardener." We'll see how much time we have.

There's another part to the Good Food Festival that people can take advantage of...especially if they don't think they can handle sitting in one place for too long. The Good Food Commons is also on Saturday, March 15th, but its each of its sessions is only 20 minutes long. They include Herbal Infusions for Cooking, Introduction to Cheese-making, Beekeeping in the City, Improving Organic Soil and much, much more.

The one I'm featuring today is called Oh Shiitake Mushrooms! How to grow your own in your backyard, and it will be taught by Jill Niewoehner of MamaGrows. As she states on her website, Jill doesn't grow just mushrooms, but that's the part that is really fascinating, if you ask me. In fact, she sent me a link to site that is for the novice who wants to tackle growing mushrooms. Here's a post that Jill wrote called "Mushrooms are Really Fun Guys." Uh...fun guys...uh...fungis? Oh, never mind.

Anyway, if you find this at all interesting, she will be teaching several courses at the Oak Park Conservatory in June. I suggest you keep her blog link handy.


February 23, 2014

Need gardening help? How about Smart Gardener?

As we grind slowly towards spring, some of you are already panicking because I did a show last week on seed starting with Mr. Brown Thumb. Since then, The Mike Nowak Show team member Sarah Batka, who is also Horticulture Program Coordinator with the University of Illinois Extension, has come up with several sites that offer great information about getting up and running. Here's one from the University of Illinois Extension, and another that combines information from Ohio State University and Iowa State.

But getting back to those of you who are sobbing, "But I haven't even shoveled my walk yet! I don't have TIME for seed starting!" Never fear--I might have an answer for you.

It's called Smart Gardener, and it's a Chicago-based start up focused on developing what they call hyper local food systems. The idea is that, via the Internet, the folks at Smart Gardener can help you through every phase of growing organic food, from a profile of who you are and what you want to selecting plants, creating a garden plan, keeping track of your "to do" list, keeping a gardening journal, and more.

Or, if you want somebody to actually do a lot of the work for you, there's the Smart Backyard option. For fees starting as low as $250, they'll design, build and install a custom garden according to your taste and needs. Here's how they describe it:

Smart Gardener Backyard offers a range of services from design, installation, planning, planting, caring for and harvesting a highly-personalized backyard fresh food garden. And the best part: each customer can customize the service to their own needs. The choice about how much each customer wants to tend his garden or how little is up to each individual.

Using all the great tools of SmartGardener.com, Smart Backyard begins by creating a personalized Smart Garden Plan for each customer, based on the specific needs of each family how much produce they eat, what kind and realistic projections based on the size of the growing area. Based on this plan, Smart Backyard's trained gardening professionals will monitor and maintain each garden; feeding, weeding, planting and clearing, and feeding the complete organic garden. When it's time for harvest, they will pick and clean the bounty and present a basket of beautiful produce that's ready for eating or cooking.

Sound too good to be true? Well, yeah, kind of...which is why I'm having Carl Alguire from Smart Gardener on the show this morning to talk about the company that was voted one of the Top 10 start-ups in Chicago for 2013 by both Red Rocket and Black Line Review for their innovative approach to applying technology to landscaping services.

What will really happen after all of the snow melts?

I always appreciate having meteorologist Rick DiMaio on the program, and not just because I like having my own personal weather guy (though you have to admit that's pretty cool.) But it's a pleasure to listen to him explain the science behind the predictions, and it's the idea of trying to see into the future that makes what he does even more fascinating.

I don't often ask my friends in the horticultural world to use their crystal balls, but that's kind of what I'm doing today in inviting my buddy Dan Kosta from Vern Goers Greenhouse in Hinsdale to appear on the show. By the way, you might want to check out their post from just a few days ago about growing tomatoes and peppers indoors. Yes, you read that correctly--indoors. But I digress.

I was hoping to get a couple of experts to take a look at what gardeners can expect to see in their yards this spring, after this unusual bout of winter cold and snow. And Dan said he wanted to invite a friend of his, Jeff Schulz from The Hidden Gardens in Willowbrook.

Together, the three of us (but mostly Dan and Jeff) will look at some of the challenges that might face gardeners as the temperatures begin to climb in a few weeks. For instance, will the excessive amounts of salt used this winter result in plant damage? Will we see snow mold on our lawns due to the long stretches of snow cover? How will the cold have affected populations of insects and other bugs?

Of course, these guys are not in the habit of prognosticating. But perhaps we can speculate a little bit. And your questions are welcome to, at 773/960-1139.

March is coming and, along with it, the Good Food Festival

Ten years ago, Jim Slama and the folks at FamilyFarmed.org launched what today is know as the Good Food Festival. Here's how he remembers it:

10 years ago we hosted the Local Organic Trade Show at the still under construction new Kendall College campus. It was the first, sustainable, local food trade show in America. 50 farmers and 300 restaurants, supermarkets, schools and advocates for Good Food attended.

Over the years, more than 700 speakers, including farmers, chefs, policy makers, financeers, conservationists, health experts, permaculturists, nutritionists, food entrepreneurs and even media types (I've spoken there five times, I was surprised to learn) have spent all or part of three days connecting with each other in an effort to promote the advancement of local food systems. To see the entire list of speakers over the years, click here.

So here we go again--three days of teaching, learning, buying, schmoozing and eating...all in the name of local food. Here is how the three days come together:

Thursday, 3/13/14 - Good Food Financing & Innovation Conference
Farmers, investors and Good Food business owners come together to to forge new connections and learn how to grow the Good Food system

Friday, 3/14/14 - Trade Show, School Food, and Policy Summit
Farmers, trade buyers, and other stakeholders learn to grow their businesses, discover new techniques and tips and interact with policy makers.

Friday, 3/14/14, 7:00 - 9:30 p.m. - Localicious Party
The party pairs family farmers with chef-driven restaurants for a sampling of homegrown cuisine and local libations to wash it all down.  Celebrate the farmers who grow our food and the chefs who transform it!

Saturday, 3/15/14 - Festival and Workshops
A crazy (in a good way) day, featuring an exhibit hall with more than 150 farms, local food artisans, restaurants, and non-profits, not to mention chefs demonstrations, workshops, food classes, a CSA farmer pavilion and more!

For the next three weeks, The Mike Nowak Show is featuring some of the stars of this foodie fest, including next week, when we broadcast live from Kolatek's Bakery & Deli.

This year, the Good Food Festival features a Spotlight on: Ancient and Heirloom Grains. There will be three Ancient Grains workshops, one on Friday  and two on Saturday. The idea is to recapture some of the nutrition and flavor we lost when large scale monoculture farming took over, and it seems to have gained traction at a conference that was held last fall and that might have been the opening salvo in a nacent seed to table movement.

I'm pleased to have Stephen Jones from the Bread Lab at Washington State University on the show this morning. What's the Bread Lab? From its mission statement:

The Bread Lab is a think tank and testing and demonstration laboratory for craft baking. Bakers can use the laboratory to test flours and techniques using local, regional, and nationally available commercial and experimental flours and wheats of all types. The goal is to combine science, art, curiosity, and innovation to explore ways of using local and unique grains in order to move the craft of bread baking forward.

Stephen is joined on the program by Gilbert Williams of Lonesome Stone Milling in Wisconsin. As they state on their website, they feature "Locally grown and freshly stone-ground organic wheat, rye and corn products from southwest Wisconsin"

Our grain products originate on family farms in Wisconsin's Driftless region. Each package is traceable back to the farmer who grew the grain. We locally produce stone-ground whole-grain products that are healthy and flavorful.

Let's get the conversation started about eating healthy.

February 16, 2014

Starting seeds this year? Talk to Mr. Brown Thumb

Another year, another chance to grow food. That's why it's great to welcome back the force of nature we call Mr. Brown Thumb to talk about what you need to know. I'm really, really, really pleased that he wrote his own blurb for me. Here's how it goes:

MrBrownThumb stops by the studio to give us tips on buying seeds for sowing this spring and summer in our garden. Have you considered seed starting soil? What are the good brands and what are the brands of seed starting soil we should avoid? Can you mix your own seed starting soil so you know exactly what you're growing your food in? 

Then there's the whole world of seed starting pots and greenhouses he'll help us navigate. Are the plastic pots and greenhouses the way to go? Or should we stick to biodegradable pots for starting our seeds? Maybe there are some things around the house and recycle bin we can upcycle into pots?

And we'll also cover lighting, can you start seeds in your windowsill, or do you need a special lighting setup? We'll also touch on the best times to start your seeds indoors and what you can plant outdoors as soon as this snow melts and the ground is workable.

Wow. I couldn't have said it better myself. Meanwhile, if you like working with people, our own Sarah Batka lists three seed swaps in the area:

5th Annual Peterson Garden Project Seed Swap
Sunday Feb 16, 2 pm
Swedish Covenant Hospital - Galter Medical Pavilion, 2nd floor, 5140 N. California Avenue, Chicago, IL 60625

Jane Addams Hull House Seed Swap
Sunday, March 10 | 1-4pm
Jane Addams Hull-House Museum, 800 S. Halsted, Chicago
Discover new ways to nourish a sustainable food system through demonstrations, workshops and conversations. Sharpen your seed skills in cleaning, swapping, making and cooking sessions.

Chicago Botanic Garden Seed Swap & Lecture
Sunday, February 23, 2014, 2 - 3 pm lecture, 3 -5 pm Swap
Chicago Botanic Garden, Alsdorf Auditorium
Ken Greene, founder of the Hudson Valley Seed Library
FREE; please register in advance to reserve your space

$15 billion to protect us from Asian Carp? Really?

In January of this year, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (or USACE, if you're really cool and like to throw around acronyms to astound and confuse your friends) released it's long awaited GLMRIS (there we go again--it stands for Great Lakes and Mississippi River Interbasin Study).

And, immediately, heads all over the Midwest began exploding. Why?

For those of you who like "source-y-ness," I suggest you read the Summary of the GLMRIS Report. If you're interested in reading the actual report, I must warn you that it's 10,000 pages long. The last I checked, that's anywhere from five to ten times as long as the Bible, which I'm not particularly eager to dive into, either.

But back to the exploding heads. In a nutshell, the USACE concluded that the cost of the effort would land in the 15 to 18 billion dollar range and take about a quarter century to complete. Their concern is that by that time, an Asian Carp will be President of the United States and would immediately stop construction on such a project.

Okay, I made up that last sentence.

But there are some who think that USACE intentionally came up with an overly complex and expensive solution to what is actually a serious problem--the contamination of the Great Lakes watershed by the Mississippi watershed...and vice versa.

Some of the best reporting on this issue has been done by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. For instance, they write that

The bulk of the Army Corps' $15 billion-plus estimate to restore the natural separation between the Lake Michigan and Mississippi River watersheds is yoked to projects that critics contend have little to do with directly stopping invasive species. They include some $12 billion to build things like new reservoirs, sewer tunnels and water treatment plants, as well as remove contaminated river sediments.

"The media has fixated on the $15 to $18 billion figure, and a number of politicians equate that with the price tag for (watershed) separation," said Tim Eder, executive director of the Great Lakes Commission, a body appointed by the region's governors and legislatures. "We don't accept that. We think that's based on flawed assumptions."

The newspaper goes on to point the finger at USACE.

Some see the proposal to build the exceedingly expensive, time-consuming tunnels and reservoirs as evidence the Army Corps flubbed its responsibility to develop a long-term solution to the immediate Asian carp problem — perhaps intentionally.

"If you actually wanted to solve the problem," said Thom Cmar, an environmental attorney and Great Lakes advocate, "you would not have gone about it this way."

The Journal Sentinel also explains why the current "solution" is destined to fail:

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Brig. Gen. Margaret Burcham is quite comfortable that the threat of a Great Lakes Asian carp invasion is under control.

"We've got our electric barrier," she said before a Jan. 9 public hearing on the Army Corps' new study that says it will take at least a quarter-century to erect barriers to block the rapacious fish from swimming into Lake Michigan. "And we're confident that it is doing the job."

No, it is not.

Not if you believe a video obtained by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel that was taken by federal biologists last summer. Just one 3-minute clip reveals dozens of little fish swimming upstream through the swath of electrified water on the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, only about 35 miles downstream from Chicago's lakeshore.

Hubboy.

Despite the seeming cluelessness of the Corps and its stalling tactics regarding implementing a real solution, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) views the report as an opportunity for Chicago:

While we think the Army Corps' estimated timing and price tag are indeed overblown, a project to separate and improve the Great Lakes and Mississippi River systems would clearly be a multibillion dollar investment bringing lots of jobs, sustained economic activity and potential improvement to aging, failed infrastructure in this city that is harming the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River... And it has the added advantage of holding off the plague of Asian carp that would ravage Lake Michigan.

So, it won't be cheap. But what will be the impact of tourists being hit by flying 60 pound fish on North Avenue beach to Chicago's economy? What about the destructive impact of Asian Carp on the $7 billion per year fishing industry in the Lakes? The price of doing nothing is much, much higher than fixing the problem. 

Meanwhile, the Shedd Aquarium  reminds us that 36 million people in the United States and Canada depend on the Great Lakes for drinking water, employment and recreation. And they want to educate those folks--and countless others--about the impact that Asian carp could have on this precious resource.

Thus, the Shedd has launched two new digital resources: a first-of-its-kind online STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) curriculum called Asian Carp Exploration , as well as a series of educational video vignettes titled “High Stakes for the Great Lakes” - part of Shedd's Great Lakes conservation initiative, which seeks to inform and inspire the Great Lakes community basin-wide about the complicated issues affecting the Great Lakes including Asian carp.

I'm pleased to have Michelle Parker, Shedd's Vice President of Great Lakes and Sustainability, on the program this morning. She is joined by Josh Mogerman, Deputy Director of National Media Program for the NRDC. He has made numerous appearances on my show in the past, and has been following the Asian carp saga for some time.

And, believe it or not, you can submit your own comments about how you think the arrival of Asian carp will affect our Great Lakes. The public comment period lasts until March 31, and you can get involved by linking to this page at the Alliance for the Great Lakes.

Meanwhile, in the far-away land of Michigan...
...people are being arrested for trying to protect clean water

Has it really been three and a half years since 800,000 gallons of tar sands oil spilled into the Kalamazoo River, courtesy of Enbridge, Inc.? Gosh, it seems like just yesterday. In fact, the aforementioned Josh Mogerman wrote about it last July on the Switchboard blog for NRDC:

Switchboard has covered the disaster from all sorts of angles: the early industry effort to obscure the role of tar sands in the disaster (well, obscure undersells it since the pipeline company CEO flatly denied tar sands were involved until the Michigan Messenger and OnEarth Magazine forced him to retract and clarify his statements), surprise at the focus on skimming oil when the threat of the heavy oil sinking seemed like a bigger danger, disappointment that the cleanup wasn't finished at the first and second anniversaries, calling out unfounded claims of cleanliness , a whistleblower , difficulties faced by residents near the spill site and the damning picture painted by the federal investigation report on the disaster.

About the same time that Josh was writing that report, three activists decided that they needed to do something to call attention to the irreparable harm being done to our rivers and lakes, all in the name of dirty oil. According to a story in Aljazeera,

Three members of the group — the Michigan Coalition Against Tar Sands (MICATS) — were arrested last July 22 and face up to two years in prison for locking themselves to excavators at a construction site of the Calgary-based company Enbridge near Stockbridge, Mich.

The group said the action was aimed at stopping work on Enbridge's Line 6B — the same pipeline that ruptured in 2010 near the Kalamazoo River.  That spill dumped more than 800,000 gallons of tar sands oil into a tributary of the river. The pipeline had been built in 1969 to transport conventional oil.

Of course, as we all know, "conventional oil" is sooo 20th Century. So that pipeline was pressed into service to transport tar sands oil. What could possibly go wrong? Oh, wait. See "800,000 gallon spill" above.

And if you thought things went badly for Enbridge, they have gone even worse for the three women who dared to stand up to Big Oil:

On Jan. 31, the three MICATS protesters, Vicci Hamlin, Barb Carter and Lisa Leggio, were found guilty in an Ingham County court for misdemeanor trespassing and also resisting and obstructing police. The latter, a felony charge, carries a maximum sentence of two years.

That's why Chris Wahmhoff from MI CATS, who recently appeared on Democracy Now! with Amy Goodman, is back on the show today. In addition to making the argument for freeing what has come to be called the Enbridge 3, he's also calling attention to the fact that there is an Enbridge pipeline running under the Straits of Mackinac. Try to imagine the chaos if that 60 year old pipeline burst in the greatest expanse of fresh water on the planet.

Of course, all of this is related to President Obama's decision on whether to approve the Keystone XL Pipeline from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico, especially in light of the State Department's determination that construction of the pipeline would not have much impact on climate change.

While our own government seems to brush off the seriousness of this endeavor, Josh Mogermann looks to Canada, where the oil originates, for a different assessment.

Josh sticks around for another segment and joins Chris Wahmhoff to talk about this far too important issue.

February 9, 2014

Restoration ecologist Jack Pizzo is back...with a new book

I don't know exactly how many times restoration ecologist Jack Pizzo has been on my program, but he always more than welcome. He once confided in me that he was interested in no less than changing the world. And if that's what he wants, I'm on his team

Jack has spent the past 25 years running Pizzo & Associates, Ltd.,

a firm with a core focus on Ecological Restoration contracting.  We create, restore, and steward natural areas and manage native, sustainable landscapes using cutting edge principles and techniques...As a result of our dedication to excellence, within the past six years our efforts have been recognized with over 80 awards from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.E.P.A.), the Illinois Landscape Contractors Association (I.L.C.A.) and the American Society of Landscape Architects (A.S.L.A.) among others.

And now he has a new book, Green and Natural Spaces in Your Community: A Guide to Living With and Managing Naturalized Landscapes and Natural Areas. Yeah, it's a long title, but it's not a long book, and it gets to the point. Which is that

Everything in nature is connected; every landscape is connected to its surrounding environment. Therefore you have a stake in restoring the integrity of the natural world we share.

With that in mind, Jack has written the book for homeowners, landowners, board members, property managers, municipal officials, municipal employees and others who could be considered stakeholders in our environment. Hell, we're ALL stakeholders, and this book helps explain why our jobs as restorationists is so important

Here's an example. In answering the question, "What benefits do green and natural spaces in your community provide?" Jack comes up with these short answers:

A. Inflitrate stormwater
B. Improve Surface and Ground Water Quality
C. Stop erosion
D. Increase aesthetic value
E. Reduce landscape maintenance costs
F. Improve biodiversity
G. Increase game populations
H. Increase habitat size
I. Create/increase programming area
J. Solve nuisance wildlife problems
K. Reduce heat island effects
L. Mitigate global climate change

No, but how do they REALLY help? (Sorry, it was such a "duh" moment that I couldn't resist.)

It's always a pleasure to have Jack Pizzo on the show. He joins me again this morning.

Is Thorium the future of nuclear energy?

Let's make something clear: I'm not a nuclear scientist, okay? (No snickering in the back row, please.) But I am interested in discussing various ways to get us out of our petroleum-coal-nuclear-dirty-energy rut. Yes, there are folks out there who, despite the ongoing tragedy at Fukushima, Japan, maintain that nuclear energy is as safe as it needs to be...and has perhaps been the victim of extremely bad PR.

If you listen to this show regularly, you know that I did a show segment last fall that featured a report that "13 percent of America's 70,000 metric tons of the radioactive waste is stashed in pools of water or in special casks at the atomic plants in Illinois that produced it." My guest that day was David A. Kraft, Director of the Nuclear Energy Information Service (NEIS), who is no fan of nuclear power.

In fact, earlier this year, the NEIS posted a story about a press release titled, "Groups oppose top climate scientists’ call to embrace nuclear power." It was in reaction to Dr. James Hansen's recent endorsement of nuclear energy as a way to provide power for the planet while mitigating the effects of climate change.

But it was listener Tim Pearson, whom I refer to as "Amtrak Tim," who put me on the course to examine the future of thorium energy. It's an energy source that I was unaware of, but if you go to the website of an organization called the Thorium Energy Alliance, you will find this information:

Thorium is a natural occurring element found on earth, the moon, mars... essentially everywhere. It is a slightly radioactive metal and is about four times more abundant on Earth than uranium. Because of its fertility, it can be used as fuel in a nuclear power plant.

Why is thorium important if we already have uranium-fueled nuclear power plants? A thorium-fueled nuclear reactor generates hundreds of times the power of a uranium or coal power plant but produces essentially no waste. A thorium power plant would produce much less than 1% of the waste that a uranium plant of equal magnitude produces and, of course, would produce no carbon dioxide. More importantly, while the waste of a uranium power plant is toxic for over 10,000 years, the little waste that is produced in a thorium plant is benign in under 200 years. Even more impressive, the thorium power plant can be used to burn our current stockpile of nuclear waste. And yet, the benefits continue. The thorium power plant cannot "melt down", thorium cannot practically be used to make nuclear weapons, there is enough thorium in the United States alone to power the country at its current energy level for over 10,000 years, and the thorium power plant can be designed to be a plug and play module that could tap right in at the source of a current coal or uranium plant so there would be no need for laying a new grid.

Holy smokes! Why haven't we been using this energy source for decades? Well, it's apparently complicated, and it involves our military (surprise!), our energy policies, our politics (surprise again!) and money (big, big, BIG surprise!) In other words, there's really no good reason.

But there are a number of concepts one needs to understand before one can understand the TEA's urgency to move to Thorium. They include

and more. Like I said, I'm no nuclear scientist.

Which is why I'm pleased to have John Kutsch, director of the Thorium Energy Alliance, on the show this morning. He is joined by Paul Wilson, professor of engineering physics, and faculty director for advanced computing Infrastructure, from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Professor Wilson is also a member of the American Nuclear Society, which has position papers on a number is issues, including The Use of Thorium as Nuclear Fuel (of course), The Safety of Transporting Radioactive Materials, and Licensing of Yucca Mountain as a Geological Repository for Radioactive Wastes.

And just yesterday, I received word from John Kutsch that "U.S. Senator Roy Blunt (Mo.) and U.S. Senator Joe Manchin (W. Va.) introduced the 'National Rare Earth Cooperative Act of 2014' this week, bipartisan legislation that relieves America’s dependence on China’s rare earth minerals, encourages private sector jobs and innovation, and preserves our the United States’ military technological edge. More information on that here.

Get ready to hear some science, some facts, some opinions and some passion. I report, you decide...or something like that.

An unhappy turn of events in Utica, IL

I received yet another email this week from from "fractivist" Ashley Williams regarding what I have referred to as the "never ending meeting in Utica" concerning a proposed frac sand mine. The meeting of the Utica Planning Commission and the Board of Trustees, which was a continuation of five other meetings over two and a half months, finally wrapped up on Wednesday, February 5.

It did not go well.

Following a unanimous recommendation from the Planning Commission that the sand mine NOT be constructed, the Board of Trustees voted 4-2 to APPROVE the mine.

Here's the latest report from Ashley:

On Wednesday evening, despite an unanimous NO recommendation by the Planning Commission; our calling and emailing campaign; hours of public testimony; hours of expert testimony from UW-Eau Claire Environmental Public Health Professor, Dr. Crispin Pierce and UW-Eau Claire Emeritus Professor of Ethics and citizen advocate, Dr. Ron Koshoshek; and masterful closing arguments by the attorney for the opposition, Walt Zukowski; Trustees Joe Bernardoni, Ron Pawlak, John Schweickert, Kevin Stewart, and Mayor Gloria Alvarado VOTED YES to the Ancell Sands frac sand mine, also known as the Aramoni LLC mine, which will soon be established in Waltham Township.  This decision was reached in a 4-2 vote, with Trustees Matthew Jereb and James Schrader accounting for the 2 votes in opposition. First and foremost, I must take a second and applaud these two Trustees for staying firm to their principles and doing their due diligence for their community and the people they represent. On the other hand, the Trustees, who voted yes, will be held responsible for this immoral decision that will not only decimate the public health of the community, but also communities throughout Illinois and the world at large, because our pollutants will continue to be found in the bellies of stillborn calves and in the mutated genes and disrupted hormones of present and future generations left in the fracking wake. Please know that we as a community are pulling together stronger than ever now and will continue to fight like hell. In the aftermath of the Village Trustees' deplorable decision, please remind yourselves "To be hopeful in bad times is not just foolishly romantic. It is based on the fact that human history is a history not only of cruelty, but also of compassion, sacrifice, courage, kindness (Zinn)." In conclusion, I must thank each and every single one of you for all the love and support you have given to our fight here in LaSalle County. It humbles me to my core to receive such an outpouring of support and to be able to call you all my friends and allies.  

To see more of the response from the disappointed--and in some cases, outraged--citizens, go to the Facebook page, Protect Starved Rock and the Illinois Valley from Fracking... The best post I saw there was a quote from photographer Ansel Adams, "It is horrifying that we have to fight our own government to save the environment."

It is an unhappy truth.

February 2, 2014

Plants with Benefits...and somewhere a groundhog is blushing

As I wish you a Happy Groundhog Day, I'm desperately trying to find an explanation for why Helen Yoest wrote her latest book, Plants with Benefits, An Uninhibited Guide to the Aphrodisiac Herbs, Fruits, Flowers, & Veggies in Your Garden.

She's actually a very nice person. I've talked to her on my show in the past about her book and blog of the same name, Gardening with Confidence. I've appeared on horticultural panels with her (well, one, to be exact). And she always seemed very sane, very sweet.

And then she wrote Plants with Benefits. I suspect that she has been ingesting the very plants that she is writing about.

Let me give you an example. Most of us are familiar with nutmeg (Myristica fragrans). Heck, I use it at least once a year in my pumpkin pies. What could be more wholesome and family friendly than nutmeg? Welcome to the 21st Century, kids. In a chapter she calls "Viagra for women?" Helen Yoest writes about this sweet, benign spice:

Be careful with this one. Those nuts on your spice rack have a kick to them. Nutmeg is well known in the medical community to be a narcotic. In large doses, it can hallucinogenic, and too much can even cause death. Keep your use of nutmeg to eggnog, pies and a porridge sprinkling for a quick perk up. Malcolm X used nutmeg to get high while in prison when his marijuana stash ran low. You may want to hide it from the kids.

Well, coo, coo, ca-choo, Mrs Robinson! And don't bogart that nutmeg, please.

But don't feel left out, men. In the the chapter, "Sexual stamina in vegetable form," Yoest writes,

In certain corners of the alternative healthcare world, cucumbers have been linked to sexual stamina and have even been called the organic Viagra. Nutritionally, cucumbers are rich in potassium, which helps with hypertension (which can contribute to erectile dysfunction). It also provides a slew of other nutrients essential to maintaining sexual health.

Makes you look at cucumber sandwiches in a whole new light, doesn't it?

Along the way, Yoest introduces you to the usual suspects (cacao chocolate, jasmine, lavender, saffron, champagne), the not-so-surprising (almonds, asparagus, honey, banana, figs, ginger), the "are you kidding me?" category (carrots, celery, oats...really?), to the "whatever" (arugula, basil, cardamon, cloves, tomatoes).

Some aphrodisiac qualities have to do with shape (surprise!), some with smell,some with taste, many with nutritional properties and some are just urban legends. Like me. And I'm sorry, but cloves remind me of a visit to the dentist.

Yoest includes recipes, such as basil pesto, pumpkin pie tarts, roasted garlic butter, lavender cookies, and more. She's also the consummate horticulturist--how could you talk about these plants without tips on how to grow them?--which she provides.

And, for those of you who like to be titillated by your gardening reads, you'll enjoy the repeated references to stimulation, "the Big O," libido, blood flow, histamine production, semen production, phallic shapes, testosterone, aroma therapy, impotence, pheromones, vigor, potency, arousal, and a few more words I dare not mention on a Sunday morning.

Yoest's book seems to have aroused something in the critics. It's not every day that you get a write up in the New York Times.

But I have to finish this with my favorite quote from the book, which is in the chapter about lavender:

A study conducted by the Smell & Taste Treatment Research Foundation in Chicago exposed men to a variety of food aromas and then graded the level of their sexual arousal by measuring the blood flow to their genital regions. Lavender (in combination with pumpkin) measured a 40% increase in blood flow.This is significant when compared to cheese pizza, which only showed an increase of 5%, or buttered popcorn at 9%

Clearly, we should be adding lavender to our pizza and seasoning popcorn with this herb.

Helen Yoest joins me this morning. I will probably need a cold shower immediately afterwards.

Recycled Granite and spreading the gospel of reuse

I think it's been almost four years since Julie Rizzo joined me in the studio to talk about her company Recycled Granite. At the time, in 2010, she was just getting started on her mission to reclaim the up to 30% of granite slabs that were ending up in landfills because they are not large enough to create a countertop.

If that sounds crazy to you, you're in good company, because it sounds crazy to me and it seemed crazy to Julie.

The company she founded in 2009 has, since then, saved an estimated 30,000,000 pounds of granite remnants from being dumped into landfills. Not only that, the proprietary manufacturing processes that has enabled her to build a network of over 35 granite recycling companies in North America since 2010. Julie helps create green jobs, reduce waste, create cool products and stimulate local economies.

She has appeared on DIY & HGTV shows, such as Bath Crashers, Run My Renovation, I Want That and many more. While her way of approaching the landfill issue is innovative and new, she has teamed with a company that has been doing "old school" recycling--sometimes called "reuse"--for decades. That company is Goodwill Industries, which recycles tons of everything from clothes to electronics every day.

Julie says that her partnership with Goodwill Industries of Michiana, Inc. is ground-breaking. As Julie writes:

Granite is a construction material, but because of the way we have formulated the process we make it easy to manage.  They joined our network in December.  [President & CEO Debie Coble] came out to visit my special needs shop and saw my workers perform an installation. Since we manufacture so many different products, she felt it was a good fit for their clients to learn new innovative production skills. They service the under served population with barriers to employment in the community, give them job training, and help them find regular employment.

Their plant (which is huge) is in South Bend, but they also manage all of the Goodwill retail stores that are listed here. They will be selling all of the products that we manufacture from the wasted granite in the retail stores that they have and also at landscape locations in that region.

So what have you done with your life lately?

I'm pleased to have Julie Rizzo and Debie Coble in studio with me this morning.

Follow up to the never-ending frac sand mine meeting in Utica, IL

I received an email this week from "fractivist" Ashley Williams regarding the continuation of the meeting in Utica concerning another proposed frac sand mine in LaSalle County. The meeting of the Utica Planning Commission and the Board of Trustees, which was a continuation of four other meetings over two and a half months, was held Tuesday, January 28.

Here's the report from Ashley:

I wanted to extend a heartfelt thank you to Attorney Walt Zukowski, representing the mine opponents, for delivering a masterful closing argument at Tuesday's hearing, which drew a standing ovation from the crowd. Furthermore, I wanted to offer a special thank you to Warren Munson and the entire Utica Planning Commission for taking a stand and unanimously recommending a NO vote for the Waltham Township frac sand mine. Thank you for caring about your community and doing your due diligence! The ultimate vote is now in the hands of the Village Trustees. Will they or won't they honor the will of the people? We will finally know Wednesday. But first, I encourage every single signer, who is a Utica resident, to put in one last call to the Village Trustees and tell them to no longer dwell in the sands of the past, but to start looking to the future, one rich in prosperity and thriving tourism, rather than a gutted heartland. And the ONLY way to ensure that is through a NO vote! The final vote will be cast on Wednesday, February 5th at 6 p.m. at Grizzly Jack's Grand Bear Resort. Please come out and sit side-by-side in solidarity with me and all the other opponents of the mine with your dust masks on!

Ashley also sent links to two news stories about the issue:

It ain't over 'til it's over. Stay tuned.

January 26, 2014

Pat Hill's advice for great native plants for the winter

I've known Patricia Hill for several years, ever since I picked up a copy of her book Design Your Natural Midwest Garden at a MELA Conference. Since then, I've been on her mailing list and receiving wonderful advice about native Midwest plants.

If you go to her website, you'll see how Pat describes herself:

A gardener since childhood, I turned my hobby and my passion into a business. After studying Ornamental Horticulture at McHenry County College in Crystal Lake, IL., I opened my landscape design business in 1982. My first view of prairie and prairie style landscaping came from visiting the then new Sears complex in Hoffman Estates. Awed, I then went on to visit many native areas around northeastern Illinois with camera and notebook and availed myself of classes and field trips offered by the St. Charles Park District taught by famed botanists and ecologists such as Dr. Gerould Wilhelm and Floyd Swink. I also took a week-long design class at The Chicago Botanic Garden from Darrel Morrison, former professor of Landscape Architecture at the University of Wisconsin and the University of Georgia and designer of the Lady Bird Native Plant Garden at Austin, Texas.

In 2000, I designed a display garden for the Batavia Plain Dirt Gardeners for the annual Flower and Garden Show held at Navy Pier in Chicago. The design featured native trees and shrubs, forbs and grasses, the Fox River, and an Indian Village with Indian artifacts and actual Indians. It won Best of Show.

Over a 10 year period I compiled my copious notes, designs, and photographs into a book, Design Your Natural Midwest Garden, which was published in Spring of 2007 by Big Earth Publishing of Madison, WI. It features 32 designs and over 200 color photographs of built and conceptual gardens. I also teach classes at Elgin Community College using my book as a text book.

Last week, I received another one of her posts, featuring native plants (some of them pictured on the left) that grace the winter landscape. Those include Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium purpureum), Purple Coneflower  (Echinacea purpurea), Compass Plant  (Silphium laciniatum), Prairie Dock (Silphium terebinthinaceum), Culver's Root  (Veronicastrum virginicum) and more.

And as I suffer through this brutal winter with the rest of you, I thought that anything that could remind me of the joys of summer--even this deep into the dark and cold--was a blessing. So I told Pat that it was about time to have her on the program. I'm pleased that she joins me this morning via phone In the Green Room.

The never-ending frac sand mine hearing in Utica, Illinois

I've been covering the frac sand mine issue in LaSalle County, Illinois for over two years now. It started with the news that a company called Mississippi Sand LLC wanted to dig an open pit sand mine outside of the eastern entrance of Starved Rock State Park. With what seemed like too much speed and too little deliberation, the LaSalle County Board approved those plans.

That led to the Sierra Club, Prairie Rivers Network, and Openlands filing a complaint in Circuit Court in Springfield against the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, accusing the agency of failing to follow state law in allowing the permit for the mine. That law suit has yet to be settled. You can sign a petition titled Governor Quinn: Stop the Mississippi Sand Frac Sand Mine Near Starved Rock! which already has 17,000 signatures. Will the "environmental governor" listen? He has been stone silent on the issue so far. Don't hold your breath.

While the Starved Rock case has captured most of the headlines, it's far from the only sand mine being proposed or approved in the area. In fact, Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota are part of what is being called a "frac sand rush," primarily because the silica sand found in those states is perfect for the hydraulic fracturing or fracking process. The Chicago Tribune says that a future visit to Starved Rock could be a drive through "Illinois' largest sand box."

But as the land is sold and dug and converted from farm land--some extremely fertile, some not so much--to sand mines, these decisions are sometimes leaving bitterly divided communities in their wake. The documentary film The Price of Sand spells this out very clearly. Last year, filmmaker Jim Tittle appeared on my show to talk about how the mad dash to cash in on sand was killing communities in Wisconsin and Minnesota. That film, by the way, is being shown this afternoon by the Southeast Environmental Task Force (SETF) at their office, 13300 Baltimore in Chicago at 1:30 p.m.

The latest controversy surrounds an Oak Park investment company called Aramoni LLC and its attempt to get approval for a mine just north of the town of Utica. Ancell Sands would be located on land in Waltham Township that was annexed by the town several years ago. At that time, according to Monty Whipple, who lives across the road from where the mine would be built, the plan was to use the land for light industrial use. Then the economy tanked, fracking became the flavor of the year, and the stage was set for the fracking and anti-fracking forces to go head to head.

A hearing was convened to hear testimony on both sides, with both the Utica Planning Commission and the Board of Trustees in attendance. However, a funny thing happened on the way to finishing the meeting.

It didn't finish. Not after the first night. Or the second night. Or the third or fourth night.

Along the way, there was testimony by experts on the health hazards of silica dust by Dr. Crispin Pierce from the University of Wisconsin at Eau Claire, as well as push back from Aramoni's lawyers. That's one of the reasons that Steven Penn, from the Penn Rakauski law firm, is on the show this morning. In the interests of full disclosure, they have recently become sponsors of The Mike Nowak Show. However, that's in part a function of my having reached out to them about the dangers of dust inhalation.

And now the hearing is heading to a fifth night of testimony this Tuesday, January 28 at 6 pm at Grizzly Jack's Grand Bear Resort, 2643 N IL Rt 178, Utica, Illinois 61373. To keep up to date, you can also go to the Protect Starved Rock and the Illinois Valley from Fracking and Mining Facebook page.

What's at stake? Perhaps the very future of farming and tourism in the area. Says Monty Whipple, who appears on my show this morning, "I'd think mining would want to be one of the last things you'd put in this area."

I'm pleased to have Monty Whipple, Steven Penn and self-described " fracktivist and fracsandtivist" Ashley Williams on the program this morning to discuss Tuesday's hearing.

January 19, 2014

Susan Fox prepares you for the 2014 rose growing seson

Some of you may ask, "Why are you discussing roses on January 19?" Here's the short answer.

I have communicated with Susan Fox on Twitter (@GagasGarden) for awhile, but I didn't get a chance to meet her until the #GardenChat Summer Party last August for the 2013 Independent Garden Show in Chicago. While sipping wine (which is what we gardeners do when we hobnob) at Dinotto Ristorante, we chatted about having her on my radio show. In August, the possibilities were endless.

Fast forward to January, 2014. With the snow falling and the temperatures dipping to negative numbers, I realized that I still hadn't made it happen. So I shot a note to Susan about her appearing on my new gardening segment, "In the Green Room with Mike." Now if you're like the general public, you might wonder what gardeners could possibly talk about in January.

But if you've been doing a radio show that covers gardening issues as long as I have, 52 weeks a year, you know that your gardening guests always have something to talk about.

As it so happens, on December 14, 2013, Susan Fox published a book called Four Seasons of Roses:
2014 Monthly Guide to Rose Care
. (If you want to know the story of why she wrote the book, the answer is basically that friends kept asking her to help them grow roses, and she wanted them to be able to succeed. Sounds like a plan to me.)

Voila! That's why we're discussing roses on January 19.

Here's a little more about Susan in her own words:

Susan Fox is a consulting rosarian that speaks, grows, photographs, and shows roses. Company founder of Gaga's Garden®, she was recently awarded the American Rose Society's (ARS) Presidential Citation "for Promoting the Rose and Rose Education Via Social Media." At her heart is a commitment to generating educational, entertaining content that profiles specific products, personalities, places and events that engage the larger audience through targeted social media campaigns. This and other acknowledgments in the gardening community has firmly established Susan as one of the most highly regarded rosarians and gardeners in the industry with a special talent for promoting garden related products, people or events via social media and content marketing.

By the way, you can even win a copy of her new book, along with the added bonus of a 3-pack of organic Alfalfa Tea from Authentic Haven Brand Natural Brew, thanks to Wallace Gardens. It's pretty simple to enter the giveaway. All you need is a shipping address in the United States or Canada, and you must “like” or comment on  this photo on Pinterest.

Cool NOAA website from meteorologist Rick DiMaio

As I was writing this website entry, I happened to spot a Facebook post from meteorologist Rick DiMaio:

Snow here in Chicago today! Cold! Tomorrow, sunny and a high of 57 in Denver as the Broncos take on the Patriots. Why am I here?

Good question, Rick.

Regardless, Rick is always sending me cool maps and charts and graphics from various sources. The latest is from the National Climatic Data Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

It's called Preliminary Significant U.S. Weather and Climate Events for 2013, and it maps drought, water levels, tornadoes, snow storms and more. Further down the page, you'll see insteresting information like

I can't get enough of this stuff. I hope you find it worthwhile, too.

Voting for food in 2014

It's been a while since I've had Debbie Hillman and Tim Magner on my show--and they have never appeared together. Yet, as we enter the off-year election season, they have combine forces to make sure that the voices in favor of enlightened food policy are heard.

But first, some background.

Debbie Hillman of D. Hillmann Strategies, is a Chicago native who has lived in Evanston, Illinois since 1976, where she was a professional gardener for 25 years (ornamental design, installation, maintenance) and a cabinet-making apprentice for 5 years. In 2005, she co-founded the Evanston Food Council and then, in 2007, she was instrumental in creating the Illinois Local Food, Farms, and Jobs Council to create an Illinois-based food and farm economy.

Tim Magner is the founder of Green Sugar Press, whose books have the goal of inspiring kids to get outside and wander, wonder, dig and climb. He also started a project called Truck Farm, a mini-farm planted in the back of a biodiesel-fueled pickup truck that visits schools, parks, farmers markets, and other community organizations to conduct programming connecting people to food and health. His latest effort is What the Hell's Going On?, which is a project to make the complex understandable by utilizing ‘slide show stories'

Now they have teamed up to present workshops

"For anyone interested in reclaiming knowledge of the farm-and-food economy and wanting to participate in the political process in a meaningful way -- meal by meal, day by day, year by year, place by place, generation by generation, species by species."

The first two are

Food, Farms, and Democracy: Making the 2014 Congressional Elections Relevant
Jan. 29, 2014 (Wednesday), 6:30 - 8:30 PM, $20
Civic Lab West Loop
114 N. Aberdeen, Chicago, IL
Register here

This class will take 30 intelligent but politically frustrated adults through a streamlined process to reclaim our food-and-farm system and reclaim our political power.  The process will include:  learning about the U.S. food system, drafting a 1-page fact sheet for Congressional candidates (and other voters), and drafting a simple action plan for building national political will around food-and-farm issues in 2014.   The Fact Sheet and Action Plan will be disseminated nationally to approximately 10,000 food-and-farm advocates who are members of local (Chicago-area), state (Illinois), regional (Midwest), and national (U.S.) list-servs.  During the class, participants will engage in a process to leverage all the food-and-farm issues into one branded campaign and craft a short, practical platform that any Congressional candidate (House of Representatives) can support.

and

Food Systems 101
Feb. 4, 2014 (Tuesday), 6:30 - 8:30 PM, $20
Mac & Cheese Productions
This is a residential venue; exact address given on registration.
Roscoe Village (near Belmont & Ravenswood). Chicago, IL
Register here

What is the Food System? What works well and what doesn't? Why does it matter? What's possible?Why do we eat what we eat? Who chooses what choices you have? What are the consequences? Come explore our Food System and be part of a pilot project to bring more democracy to it.

In this class you'll: 

*View 'Road Trip slideshow that explores the Food System in action 
*Map the parts of the existing Food Chain, from seed to stomach, and connections along the way. 
*Dig into responses to the status quo. 
*Explore Ideas for adding democracy to Food System, including being part of our pilot project to craft a practical platform to engage Congressional candidates for the 2014 election.

Participants can expect to walk away from the class with: 

*The ability to talk more in depth about Food issues 
*Solutions formatted in a Congressional platform

This class is perfect for anyone interested in reclaiming knowledge of the farm-and-food economy and wants to participate in the political process in a meaningful way.

I'm looking forward to talking food policy with Debbie Hillman and Tim Magner.

January 12, 2014

"In the Green Room with Mike" is the name of Mike's new segment...
and we welcome The Wisconsin Vegetable Gardener

This show segment about a couple of Wisconsin gardeners seems to have happened, oddly enough, via California, and my buddy Annie Haven of Manure Tea. I'm pretty sure that she's the person who recommended that Joey and Holly Baird of The Wisconsin Vegetable Gardener contact me.

Since 2010, the Milwaukee area couple has been producing weekly "how to" gardening videos, which you can find on their website or on their YouTube page. They specialize in growing food organically, reusing items around the home (a personal favorite of mine), and what to do after you've grown the food--namely, home canning and preservation. Here's a list of some of the topics they cover:

  • Urban gardening
  • Self sufficiency
  • GMO vs Non GMO (Monsanto)
  • Container Gardening
  • Traditional ground gardening
  • Backyard gardening
  • Canning
  • Homesteading
  • Freedom to grow your own food
  • Composting
  • Organic vs Non-Organic
  • Prepping
  • Growing in small areas
  • Growing indoors
  • Apartment/ condo gardening

Whew!

Their motto, by the way, is “for the average gardener, simple home living, and using what you already have." I can't argue with that.

If you're up Wiscosnin way, they will be appearing at the Wisconsin Garden Expo in Madison on February 7th and 8th. Or you can write to them at thewiveggardener@gmail.com.

The 5th Annual MLK Food Justice and Sustainability Weekend

Robert Nevel tells me that I first interviewed him on my show five years ago...at least that's what he tells me. I think it was a mere four years ago, but why quibble?

The point is that he stops by each year at this time to promote what is rapidly becoming one of the most important food justice events in the region--perhaps in the country. And what makes the 5th Annual MLK Food Justice and Sustainability Weekend so significant, in my opinion, is the way, over three days, that it embraces the true spirit of ecumenism.

KAM Isaiah Israel created and presents the program each January:

KAM Isaiah Israel's strong commitment to social justice is exemplified by its award-winning, nationally recognized food justice and sustainability program. Since it was founded in 2009, the program has grown, harvested, and donated more than 12,000 pounds of fresh food. In addition, KAMII's social justice committee presents an annual program devoted to equal access to healthy food and sustainable land use in celebration of the life and work of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Friday evening's Shabbat Service and program features Keynote speaker Martha C. Nussbaum speaking on “The New Frontiers of Justice: Beyond the Social Contract.”  Nussbaum is the Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics, Department of Philosophy and Law School, The University of Chicago.

Saturday features a community design workshop f rom 4:30 to 6:30 p.m. But I'm not talking about just any workshop. It's called "An Urban Food Forest Case Study," and during the two hours, expert growers and planners will design a one-acre, sustainable urban food forest with input from the audience and community partners. Nevel can't tell me the exact site, but he says it's on the south side and the alderman there is very interested in making this happen.

By the way, the Saturday panel includes Erin Dumbauld, Farm Manager, KAMII Food Justice and Sustainability Program; Ken Dunn, Founder and Director, Resource Center; Seneca Kern, Co-Founder of WeFarm America; Elan Margulies, Director Emeritus, Pushing the Envelope Farm; Dave Snyder of Chicago Rarities Orchard Project; and Michael Thompson, Co-Founder of Chicago Honey Co-op. Not too shabby.

Then Sunday gets absolutely crazy, with nineteen--count 'em, 19!--different workshops. Among the highlights:

  • Mark Moxley, Lake Street Supply, “Eat Food From Tree: Soils For The Modern Caveman and Cavewoman”
  • Sarah Batka, University of Illinois Extension, “Resources For Urban Growers”
  • Peter Zelchenko and Pan Lixin, Unscrew U.,“Bringing People Back To Baking Bread”  (Cooking Demonstration)
  • Kate Re, Pushing The Envelope Farm, “Illinois Fruit Bearing Bushes And Trees”
  • Ben Helphand, NeighborSpace, “Land Trusts, Leases And Lawns: Access To Urban Land For Growing”
  • Breanne Heath, Growing Home, “Identifying Pests And Beneficial Insects In Your Garden: How To Attract The Ones You Love And Discourage The Ones You Don't” 

Of course, there are many more, and you can find the entire schedule for all three days here. All events are free of charge and open to the public.  RSVP Here

It's always an honor to have Robert Nevel on the show. He joins me in studio this morning.

The end of Emerald Ash Borer? Uh...not so fast

Interesting weather week, eh? From snow storm to polar vortex to spring melt...in exactly seven days. Is this what we call climate variability? I guess that's up to meteorologist Rick DiMaio to determine.

But something--in addition to the weather--that caught my attention this week were news stories regarding the demise of the Emerald Ash Borer because of the cold temperatures. For example:

While it would be pretty to think so, my personal response was a series of alarms that went off in my brain. Just too simple, I thought.

So I put in a call to Dr. Frederic Miller from Joliet Junior College, who was on the program last June. He was the guy who taught my entomology course when I was studying to be a Master Gardener. He said he would join me on the phone this morning to talk about how serious a setback emerald ash borers will likely suffer because of the recent cold.

In a phrase, don't start planting ash trees again.

Dr. Miller joins me shortly after 10:30 a.m. to give me his scientific opinion about what we might expect to see regarding EAB--and other insects, good and bad--when spring arrives. I might even ask him about one more headline that I saw this week:

Emerald ash borer may have met its match

That story isn't about cold weather. It's about woodpeckers.and nuthatches and whether they have the potential to slow down the spread of EAB. 'Tis a consummation devoutly to be wished.

January 5, 2014

Mike's new (as yet unnamed) radio gardening segment

Well, no sooner did I write last week about "nuisance" snow, than the real stuff appears on New Year's Day. Happy 2014, shovelers! Which gives me a chance to reprise last week's entry, which I meant to get to on air, but did not.

As I did say on the last show of 2013, I am making at least one small change to the program. Starting today, there will be a new gardening segment on the show each Sunday at 9:15 a.m. I don't even know what I'm calling it yet, so I welcome suggestions. For about fifteen minutes every Sunday, I will feature a gardening tip or a talk to an expert or a review a goodgardening book or comment on an article--IN ADDITION TO whatever other gardening segments I have.

So I obviously won't devote only fifteen minutes to gardening each week. On some shows, I am likely to talk gardening in the 10:00 hour, too. And occasionally, as always, the whole will be wall-to-wall gardening. The point is, while I think that covering environmental issues is crucial, I don't ever want to lose sight of the simple pleasures of gardening. Let me know what you think.

But back to S.N.O.W. Last week, I wrote about how difficult it is to find a de-icer that isn't wreaking havoc on your plants...and the environment. Here's what a site called Green Venture in Canada has to say about those products:

In August 2000 Environment Canada completed a five-year study of the effects of road salt on the environment. They concluded that road salts (sodium chloride, calcium chloride, potassium chloride, magnesium chloride, and ferrocyanide salts) are toxic to the environment, particularly in large concentrations. In the United States, deicing salt is considered a possible pollutant under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES).

The heavy use of road salts can lead to damage to vegetation, to organisms in soil, to birds, and to other wildlife. Almost all chloride ions from road salts eventually find their way into waterways, whether by direct run-off into surface water or by moving through the soil and groundwater. In surface water, road salts can harm freshwater plants, fish, and other organisms that are not adapted to living in saline waters.

But it doesn't stop there — road salts also threaten drinking water security. For example, the region of Waterloo has found chloride levels in its municipal water wells as high as 233mg/L, close to the unsafe level of 250mg/L set by the Ministry of the Environment.

And in the United States, we use anywhere from 8 million to 22 million tons of the stuff each winter, depending on which source you like to quote. Yikes. In fact, road salt accounts for 65% of U.S. salt sales. And while you think you might be doing the right thing by applying something that is less toxic to your plants than sodium chloride--say, potassium chloride or calcium chloride--you will be paying more for something that, in the end, is still chloride, meaning that salt is salt.

So what's an environmentally consciencious person to do? For those of us used to a quick fix, the options aren't wonderful. Our friends to the north suggest the use of sand, ashes, non-clumping kitty litter and even something called EcoTraction. (I can't vouch for it because this is the first time I've heard of the product.)

And, as if in response to last week's post, I received information from the Morton Arboretum this week about a product they use--beet juice mixed with rock salt.

Rock salt, or sodium chloride, can also dry out landscape plants, which causes damage that may not be visible until spring or even years later. The risk is greatest for plants along drives and walkways. To minimize damage, the Arboretum looked to National Seed in Lisle, which provides the beet juice for the mixture, called Ice Bite. The Arboretum is one of the first locations in the area that has utilized this new treatment, which is prepared on-site.

Beet juice is an effective alternative to salt alone because it lowers the freezing point of water to as low as -20 degrees. Salt only prevents water from freezing at temperatures of 5 degrees or higher. Salt also bounces from the roads; adding beet juice lowers the bounce rate from 30 percent to 5 percent, reducing the amount of salt used on the roads. With the new product, the Arboretum is using nine times less salt, saving nearly $14,000 in material costs.

This is not the first time I've heard about beet juice being used. This Mother Nature Network article from 2009 was already touting the mix--but also issuing warnings:

But even beet juice isn't completely innocuous. Adding it to water can have an impact says Sujay Kaushal, assistant professor of environmental science at University of Maryland's Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, and lead author of the PNAS study. “Organic matter—anything from leaves to amino acids—anything carbon based that breaks down, needs to consume oxygen,” explains Kaushal.

Oxygen-depleted water can also come at an environmental cost, killing animal and plant life. In one of the most extreme cases of oxygen depletion, known as hypoxia, more than 22,000 square km in the Gulf of Mexico lost much of its commercial fishing industry.

While Kaushal says he has not studied the effects of beet juice on fresh water specifically, he sees a larger problem with adding anything to our water systems. The solution, he says, lies in how and where we build our roads.

Anyway, here are several more articles that should give you a some perspective on how best to battle snow and ice in the upper Midwest.

A sad anniversary...and wonderful new book

2014 marks the 100th anniversary of one of the most ignominious events in recorded human history--the death of the last known passenger pigeon. Obviously, this is far from the first time that human beings have watched an animal become extinct--and probably far from the first time that we were the primary cause. Just take a look at this list of species that were officially declared extinct in 2013.

But in this case, there are two things that stand out strarkly. First, we know that the very last of her species was very likely a female named Martha (after Martha Washington), who died in the Cincinnati Zoo on September 1, 1914.

Second, the decline and end of the species happened in basically a 40 year span, from about 1860 to 1900. And we're talking about going from billions to zero. Let that sink in for a second. Naturalist and author Joel Greenberg, who is known primarily for his book, A Natural History of the Chicago Region, writes in his new book,

Nothing in the human record suggests that there was ever another bird like the passenger pigeon. At the time that Europeans first arrived in North America, passenger pigeons likely numbered anywhere from three to five billion. It was the most abundant bird on the continent, if not the planet, and may well have comprised 25 to 40 percent of North America's bird life. When the flocks moved for migration or foraging, the earth below would be darkened by shadows for hours: famed naturalist John James Audubon recorded a pigeon flight along the Ohio River that eclipsed the sun for three days.

You might recognize Greenberg from appearances he has made on my show in the past in regard to Project Passenger Pigeon, "an international effort to commemorate this anniversary and use it not only as an opportunity to familiarize people with this remarkable species, but also to raise awareness of current issues related to human-caused extinction, explore connections between humans and the natural world, and inspire people to become more involved in building a sustainable relationship with other species."

As part of Project Passenger Pigeon, Greenberg is releasing his new book, A Feathered River Across the Sky: The Passenger Pigeon's Flight to Extinction. In fact, he is appearing on my show two days before the book is officially released.

To be brief, the book is wonderful. Greenberg is a scientist, so it is impeccably researched and documented. The way he lays out the story and its tragic inevitability is a fascinating read, despite the knowledge that the story does not end well. And Greenberg is not one of those writers who simply observes human nature without comment. Late in the book he says,

I have been immersed in the passenger pigeon literature since August 2009 and have devoted little time to anything else. That this spectacular and horrific extinction happened is clear; nor it there doubt that ceaseless, unbridled slaughter by human beings caused it. But I hve struggled in accepting as sufficient the purported factors that reduced a billion or more birds to zero in four decades. This suddenness led to the fanciful explanations advanced during the early twentieth century and has long left me and others feeling unsatisfied.

While he charts the destruction of the passenger pigeon, Greenberg also attempts to recreate what living with rivers of birds in the sky might have been like in early America. (I for one want to know why my history courses failed to properly educate me about a species that could literally block out the sun!)

He examines how the passenger pigeon lived, the forests it inhabited, the food on which it subsisted and more, as preparation for understanding how this bird could so swiftly and completely have been wiped off the face of the earth. Of course, in unearthing the various chronicles of more than three centuries, he also reveals a sensibility--that extends into our own century, unfortunately--that could see these birds only as food, targets for sport or worse.

I'm referring to what is being called the Sixth Great Extinction, which Greenberg acknowledges in his book. He doesn't say it in so many words, but perhaps the demise of the passenger pigeon was the opening salvo in humanity's war on its own planet, a conflict that can only end badly for both.

The reviews are starting to come out for the book, including this in the New Yorker. Publisher's Weekly says,

Greenberg pulls together a wealth of material from myriad sources to describe the life and death of this species, describing the majesty of millions flying overhead for hours as well as the horror of tens of thousands of birds being slaughtered while they nested . He also examines the larger lessons to be learned from such an ecological catastrophe—brought on by commercial exploitation and deforestations, among other causes—in this “planet's sixth great episode of mass extinctions.” Greenberg has crafted a story that is both ennobling and fascinating.

Meanwhile, a lot of events are coming up regarding both A Feathered River Across the Sky and Project Passenger Pigeon. Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum  will be hosting a reception for
Greenberg on January 23 that begins at 5:30. It will feature a book singing, informal talk and slides, and the appearance of the last wild passenger pigeon for which there is an extant specimen. Ornithologist David Horne, of Milliken University, will talk about this bird which is in the university's collection. Notebaert has also installed some passenger pigeon related art work.

David Mrazek, director of the documentary "From Billions to None" for Project Passenger Pigeon, has made a rough cut of the film. Says Greenberg, "He still has a few more things he wants to shoot but the good news is we already have a surfeit of really good material. The rough cut has been entered in the Washington, DC, Film Festival. Through the effort of David Blockstein, one of the P3 founders, Defenders of Wildlife will be working with us to help spread the word."

In the near future, four orchestras will be performing "The Columbiad; or, Migration of the American Wild Passenger Pigeons." This is a symphonic poem composed by Anthony Philip Heinrich in the 19th Century. While born in Bohemia, he traveled to America, and eventually composed the piece on passenger pigeons. It will be performed at the University of Wisconsin (Madison), two regional symphonies in the state, and likely an orchestra of Yale students.

December 29, 2013

Odds and ends at the closing of the year

For the past few years, I've used the final show of the year as a catch-all for stories that I wanted to cover during the previous twelve months but somehow couldn't find the time. More likely, those stories got buried in the piles of email that I receive every day. Even more likely, my lizard brain simply lost track of them.

Whatever the reason, this is a day when I list a bunch of stories that are, at the very least, interesting. Even if I don't get a chance to refer to all of them on the program, here's an opportunity for you to see what you, too, might have missed during the year.

But before that...a word about de-icing your walks

I want to offer a little advice about keeping your walks ice and snow free during the winter. The cold weather started early this year, and we've already had enough "nuisance" snow to keep us annoyed. A lot of us think that the more salt we apply to our sidewalks and driveways, the better.

But I've been doing some research on this and have discovered that, really, there's no perfect way to keep your sidewalks passable. Not even close.

Why? The folks at Green Venture in Canada (who deal with a lot more of this stuff than we do) explain:

In August 2000 Environment Canada completed a five-year study of the effects of road salt on the environment. They concluded that road salts (sodium chloride, calcium chloride, potassium chloride, magnesium chloride, and ferrocyanide salts) are toxic to the environment, particularly in large concentrations. In the United States, deicing salt is considered a possible pollutant under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES).

The heavy use of road salts can lead to damage to vegetation, to organisms in soil, to birds, and to other wildlife. Almost all chloride ions from road salts eventually find their way into waterways, whether by direct run-off into surface water or by moving through the soil and groundwater. In surface water, road salts can harm freshwater plants, fish, and other organisms that are not adapted to living in saline waters.

But it doesn't stop there — road salts also threaten drinking water security. For example, the region of Waterloo has found chloride levels in its municipal water wells as high as 233mg/L, close to the unsafe level of 250mg/L set by the Ministry of the Environment.

And in the United States, we use anywhere from 8 million to 22 million tons of the stuff each winter, depending on which source you like to quote. Yikes. In fact, road salt accounts for 65% of U.S. salt sales. And while you think you might be doing the right thing by applying something that is less toxic to your plants than sodium chloride--say, potassium chloride or calcium chloride--you will be paying more for something that, in the end, is still chloride, meaning that salt is salt.

So what's an environmentally consciencious person to do? For those of us used to a quick fix, the options aren't wonderful. Our friends to the north suggest the use of sand, ashes, non-clumping kitty litter and even something called EcoTraction. (I can't vouch for it because this is the first time I've heard of the product.)

Anyway, here are several articles that should give you a some perspective on how best to battle snow and ice in the upper Midwest.

And now...a few interesting news stories

Happy New Year, everybody!

December 22, 2013

It's a Wonderful Slice of "It's a Wonderful Life"!

If it's the Christmas Show, then this must be the time for my annual production of "It's a Wonderful Slice of 'It's a Wonderful Life". Theoretically, this is my 10-minute version of the holiday movie classic, starring James Stewart. In the past, I 've been known to perform this magnum opus by myself or with the help of one or two folks, who I pop into various roles

However, over the past couple of years, the cast of the radio version has expanded, as my show team has expanded. Last year, it featured Ron Cowgill from Mighty House on Chicago's Progressive Talk. This year, I brought in most of my team, and even Robbie Ehrhardt from Mighty House stopped by to help out.

Here's the rogue's gallery...er, cast:

Ron Cowgill - Uncle Billy, Truck Driver
Lisa Albrecht - Mary and Young Mary
Dennis Schetter - St. Joseph, Mr. Welsh, and assorted random characters
Rob Kartholl - Peter Bailey, Martini, Mean Man, Bert, Harry
Carol Brewer - Violet, Ernie
Sarah Batka - Janey, Zuzu, Young Harry
Robbie Ehrhardt - Salesman, Pete,

While I call it a 10-minute sketch, it often goes longer, thanks to various factors, including screw ups, laughter and other interruptions. The point is that I've taken the whole two and a half hour movie and boiled it down to its very essence...at least as I see it. I often perform the piece live at parties and events, but the radio version is a lot calmer--and I don't sweat as much

Anyway, I invite all of you to join us for the Annual Mike Nowak Christmas Extravaganza, from 9:00 to 11:00 a.m. There will be even more goofiness than "Wonderful Slice," if you can believe it. Tune in!

A salute to Master Gardeners (especially in Chicago & Cook County!)

I feel honored to have Sarah Batka as part of The Team for The Mike Nowak Show. Her official title is University of Illinois Extension Horticulture Program Coordinator for Cook County. I usually refer to her as Chicago Master Gardener coordinator, because she's the person who puts together lists of volunteer and educational activities for Chicago's MGs.

Frankly, I don't know how she does it--there are so many opportunities for Master Gardeners to get involved with local horticulture, civic and institutional groups. And the amazing thing is that Master Gardeners--not just in Chicago and Cook County and not just in Illinois, but in all fifty states--donate thousands of hours of their time for the common good.

That's why, on the Annual Mike Show Christmas Extravaganza, I salute Master Gardener everywhere--but especially those in Cook County and Chicago. I also want to make sure that you know about a couple of great Illinois Extension sites, ones that I've recommended to people for years:

  • University of Illinois Extension Gardener's Corner has tips for Spring, Summer, Winter and Fall, and even includes how-to videos
  • University of Illinois Extension Hort Corner features sections such as Lawn Talk, Selecting Trees for Your Home, Ornamental Grasses, Composting for the Homeowner and much more

To get a sense of the kind of events that Sarah keeps track of, here's a sample list that she put together for upcoming events.

  • Chicago Honey Co-Op Beekeeping Classes
    January 11, Jan 25, or Feb 1.   10 am – 3 pm
    Jane Addams Hull House Museum in Chicago
    Cost $78
  • Porter Co. IN Garden Show
    Saturday January 25, 2014,  8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m
    Speakers Greg Stack, Amanda Thompson, Dolly Foster, Jennifer Brennan and more. Seed and bulb Exchange, Vendors,
    $10 Cost
  • Lecture – Attracting Birds to your Garden
    Sunday January 19, 2014, 2:30 – 4:30
    Dominican's Priory Campus, Room 259, 7200 Division Street, River Forest, IL. 
    Stephen Packard, Director of Chicago Audubon, will be presenting on how to attract birds to your garden. Presented by West Cook Wild Ones.
  • Illiana Vegetable Growers Symposium
    Jan. 7 from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
    Teibel's Restaurant, 1175 U.S. 41 in Schererville, IN
    Full Schedule
  • New Website - From Garden Gates to Dinner Plates
    Illinois Cottage Food Operation Information.
    In Illinois, new laws have gone into effect overseeing foods that are prepared for sale by a business operated by a person at the Farmers' Market who produces food in their kitchen for direct sale by the owner or a family member. This website includes information about what foods can be sold, safe food handling practices, food labeling, and frequently asked questions. http://web.extension.illinois.edu/cottage/
  • Small Farm Winter Webinar Schedule - Thursdays,  1:00 - 2:30
    Jan.  9, 2014          Managing Layers on Pastures           
    Jan. 16, 2014        An Overview of the Philosophy & History of Organic Agriculture
    Jan. 23, 2014        Pumpkins and Gourdes      
    Jan. 30, 2014        Approaches to Small-Scale Farm Composting
    Feb.  6, 2014         Organic Pest Management:  Insects
    Feb. 13, 2014       Organic Pest Management:  Disease  
    Feb. 20, 2014       Organic Pest Management:  Weeds
    Feb. 27, 2014       Asparagus Production
    Mar.  6, 2014        Small Orchard:  Insects
    Mar. 13, 2014       Small Orchard:  Orchard Management
    Mar. 20, 2014       Small Orchard:  Disease
    Mar. 27, 2014       Growing for Ethnic Markets

Register Here

  • Wild Ones 18th Annual Conference
    Saturday, January 25, 2014 , 8 AM to 4:15 PM,
    Oshkosh Convention Center, Oshkosh, Wisconsin.
    Conference on Native Plants & Natural Landscaping, Sponsored by Wild Ones Fox Valley Area Chapter. Featuring Doug Tallamy of Bringing Nature Home Conference fee: Members $30, Non Members $35, Students $15 in advance. Add $5 to purchase at the door.

And that's just a sample! Is it any wonder that I'm in awe of Sarah Batka? Not to mention the rest of The Team, too. Merry Christmas, Sarah, Lisa Albrecht, Rob Kartholl, Carol Brewer, Dennis Schetter and Kathleen Thompson!

December 15, 2013

The latest on Chicago's petcoke problem

I had a chat with Tom Shepherd of the Southeast Environmental Task Force just the other day. You should remember that his group was the first to call attention to the serious problem of petcoke piles. along the Calumet River. In a relative short time (considering how many environmental issues get ignored by the media), it was a cause celebre, with the City of Chicago and the Attorney General's office getting involved.

Part of the reason I called him was this post on the SETF Facebook page:

The efforts of the community and the Southeast Environmental Task Force have resulted in the Beemsterboer Co. removing the mountains of petcoke from their property at 106th Street and the Calumet River.
Thanks to the hard work of many peopl e, and our environmental organizational friends. Also appreciation to Atty. General Lisa Madigan and the Ill. E.P.A.

As we work toward further solutions, we hope that others will be persuaded to do the same.

Attached to the post was a link to this coverage of the story by WTTW.

Wow. That's good news, despite the self-serving piece that appeared the other day in the Chicago Sun-Times by KCBX Terminals, the other company storing petcoke on the Calumet.

I'm pleased to have Tom Shepherd on the show this morning to give us an update.

The challenge of storing nuclear waste

You might not be aware that the state of Illinois has the dubious honor of leading the nation in the amount of stored nuclear waste. Here's how Bloomberg describes it:

About 13 percent of America's 70,000 metric tons of the radioactive waste is stashed in pools of water or in special casks at the atomic plants in Illinois that produced it, according to the Nuclear Energy Institute, a Washington-based industry group. That's the most held in any state.

Across the country, atomic power plants “have become de facto major radioactive waste-management operations,” Robert Alvarez, a former adviser to Energy Department secretaries during President Bill Clinton 's administration, said in a phone interview.

With no place to send their waste, power plants in 30 states -- which generate about 20 percent of the nation's electricity -- are doubling as dumps for spent fuel that remains dangerous for thousands of years.

Hooray for us!

In the light of that unfortunate bit of information, the Nuclear Energy Information Service alerted folks to a public meeting at on November 12, 2013 at the Oakbrook Marriott. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) held the meeting to discuss a new “waste confidence rule” that would allow spent nuclear fuel to be stored at reactor sites for 60 years after the plants close.

Disturbingly, in a story about the gathering, Kari Lydersen wrote in Midwest Energy News that

Residents who came from across Illinois for the hearing criticized the NRC for failing to publicize the hearing adequately; most said they had heard of it through the anti-nuclear Nuclear Energy Information Service or from environmental groups.

NEIS echoes that sentiment, also noting that the meeting was held just a couple of weeks before the holiday season, as if in an attempt to lower the number of attendees. Yet, according to NEIS, more than 140 people showed up. Furthermore, in their blog post on the meeting, NEIS reports that

NRC had not originally intended to hold a waste confidence meeting in the Chicago area.  They claimed that historically people in Illinois did not turn out to such meetings.  They instead scheduled one for Orlando, FL.  NEIS intervened, and asked both Illinois Senators Durbin and Kirk to request that Illinois be added to the list of sites.  Sen. Durbin's office did in fact send a request.  Shortly after NRC Chair Allison Macfarlane sent a letter informing us that Illinois would indeed get a meeting.  It is interesting to note that the Orlando hearing which preceded the Chicago session had 21 people total who spoke...

The "waste confidence" rule stems from the U.S. Government's continuing inability to create a permanent site for holding nuclear waste. In 1982, Congress passed the Nuclear Waste Policy Act, which directed the Energy Department to contruct a repository for spent nuclear fuel and other highly radioactive substances. In 1987, the Energy Department was told to study Yucca Mountain in the Nevada desert as a site for this facility.

Two decades later, in 2008, a construction license application was filed to begin work on the site. Yet, in 2010, the Obama Administration halted that project and ordered a commission to come up with a new policity for long-term storage of nuclear waste. Hmm. Wouldn't have anything to do with the fact that Senatore Majority Leader Harry Reid happens to be from Nevada, would it?

But in 2012, a federal appeals court ordered the NRC to re-examine the waste confidence rule. So where does that leave us? According to Lydersen in her story about the November 12 meeting:

The NRC told the crowd that the GEIS [ generic environmental impact statement ] supports the agency's belief that a mined geologic storage site will be available within 60 years of the closing of any reactors. Industry backers speaking at the hearing noted that the administrative and political process to store waste permanently at Yucca Mountain has been restarted, and that there is at least $26 billion in a fund for creating permanent waste storage, money paid by utility customers as required by federal law.

The waste confidence rule is not meant to address the impacts of permanent storage of nuclear waste, but waste could effectively end up being stored at the site of closed reactors indefinitely if a permanent storage site is not found.

The industry has proposed creating Centralized Interim Storage , or CIS sites, that would take waste off reactor sites and hold it until a permanent location is eventually developed. Illinois is among the top contenders for a CIS, which many industry critics fear would ultimately become a de facto permanent waste storage site

One of those critics is the NEIS. In a statement, they note that

These allegedly temporary storage sites – “ parking lot dumps ,” as some describe them -- are proposed in legislation before the Senate (S.1240).  Their purpose is to take and store the spent fuel from reactor sites until some magical time in the future when the nation finally opens a permanent, deep-geological disposal repository.  By creating a seeming urgency and need to act, however impulsively, the industry and its allies are creating the narrative to accept the only alternative out there – the one they propose and support, which is CIS.  Rather than having a needed intelligent debate and real scientific examination of options involving all affected segments of the population, the industry and its allies hope to project CIS as an inevitable fait accompli.

NEIS says people can let their voices be heard regarding the waste confidence rule through this this Friday, December 20. Here's how:

  • Online through the federal government's rulemaking website, www.regulations.gov using Docket ID NRC-2012-0246;
  • by e-mail to Rulemaking.Comments@nrc.gov; by fax to 301-415-1101;
  • by mail to Secretary, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington DC 20555-0001, ATTN: Rulemakings and Adjudications Staff;
  • or by hand delivery to 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Md., between 7:30 a.m. and 4:15 p.m. on federal workdays.

Meanwhile, the shuttered Zion nuclear power plant is being decommissioned and about to have its nuclear waste moved from wet to dry storage. From the Chicago Tribune story,

Four 10-man teams will work around the clock for a year to remove 1,500 tons of nuclear waste from pools of water where some of it has sat for 40 years.

Zion's nuclear waste, which will remain on site indefinitely, will be packed into 61 steel canisters, then sealed in concrete, garage-size casks. The casks, each weighing 150 tons, will sit atop a concrete pad and are designed to withstand 360-mph winds, missiles, flooding, fire and earthquakes. The plant itself is being scrapped and hauled off in rail cars to Utah for disposal at a low-level radioactive waste facility owned by EnergySolutions.

NEIS is worried that this project has minimal monitoring from NRC and the Illinois Emergency Management Agency (IEMA), including "no serious public oversight and transparency." In addition, the one billion dollar project is financed with public trust fund money from ComEd ratepayers bills.

David A. Kraft, Director of the Nuclear Energy Information Service, joins me this morning to discuss these issues.

December 8, 2013

Going really green for the holidays

Who says that you don't make any important connections on Facebook and Twitter? Well, perhaps nobody says that. And the reason is something that happened to me in the past couple of weeks. I received a message from a guy from the Seattle area named Tom Watson, who has been following me on Facebook and Twitter. Here's how he describes himself:

I've been with King County Recycling and Environmental Services for 21 years. As part of my job I've written the EcoConsumer column for the Seattle Times for eight years and have done EcoConsumer TV segments on KOMO4, the ABC affiliate, for six years. I also do a lot of radio interviews and guest segments. I have a gardening background also (like you), doing it myself (mostly veggies and natives) and doing public education about it, and I have been a regular guest on a Seattle radio gardening show.

What's not to like? So I contacted him, and on this morning's show Tom and I will expore ways to make your holidays greener. While he has a ton of suggestions, which I am about to get to, we welcome your calls at 773/763-9278, as well on my show page on Facebook and via my Twitter account, @MikeNow.

In a (Christmas) nutshell, here's Tom's advice for holiday consuming:

For gifts and decorations, consider buying less "stuff," especially stuff that's not needed and won't last. For gifts, consider giving "experiences" (like tickets to a show), practical gifts (like socks), locally- or regionally-made gifts, local foods (cheese, beer, wine, all kinds of stuff in jars), donating in someone's name, and volunteering in someone's name, just to name a few ideas. Make sure the gift recipient is receptive - don't force a "green" gift on someone who doesn't want it. For families, try to emphasize holiday traditions and special activities rather than gifts. Try to drive less (they say that waste increases 25 percent during the holidays, but I'll bet driving does too) by combining shopping trips, car-pooling to holiday activities, etc. 

Tom thinks that a good place to start is King County's Green Holidays page. It's divided into six major areas:

That last area, Get in the Know, contains links to articles that Tom has written as well as radio and TV segments about greening the holidays. He's also written an article titled 10 Creative Ideas for Greener Giving, which just appeared in AgeWise King County. So it's clear that Tom Watson never stops thinking about how we can reduce our impact on this tiny blue planet.

I did a little searching around myself, and here's what I discovered.

Send me your tips for a greener holiday season and I'll get them posted on this website in the next couple of weeks.

Melinda Myers is back...and she has four (count 'em, 4) new books!

I'll say something for my buddy Melinda Myers, she doesn't do anything in a small way. While many of us (okay, I'm talking about ME) would be happy to get ONE book published, Melinda is in the process of releasing FOUR books. I mean, c'mon, Melinda! Are you trying to give me a complex or something? You already do radio and TV, write a column and more.

Well, regardless of how many she's written, I'm only reviewing one: The Midwest Gardener's Handbook.

The others are the The Minnesota and Wisconsin Getting Started Garden Guide, the Michigan Getting Started Garden Guide.and Month-by-Month Gardening Minnesota & Wisconsin , which will be released mid-January, but both can be preordered now through amazon.com.

But let's get back to the Midwest Gardener's Handbook. Melinda describes it as "for the more experienced intermediate to advanced gardener." It's nice to see that, because, in my opinion, when a book tries to include novice gardeners as well as veterans, it can sometimes shortchange the more experienced gardeners.

Believe me, if you've been out in your back yard once or twice before, you will find this book to be an invaluable resource. When she says "Midwest," she ain't kidding. Melinda even has specific Hardiness Zone maps for Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio, and Wiscosnin. Now, I suppose you could argue that some of those are "plains" states, but she's not taking any chances.

Then she divides the book into the categories of plants you are likely to grow, including annuals, bulbs, groundcovers and vines, lawns, perennials and ornamental grasses, roses, shrubs, trees and vegetables. There are even quick primers on pruning and creating raised beds.

For each category of plant, there is an overview, a look at design, oil preparation and potential pests and diseases. Then there's a list of what are basically the most well-known plants in that category, along with their particular needs and traits. Finally, in each section there's a calendar of when to get things done for that particular kind of plant.

Along the way, there are numerous sidebars, with tips on things like forcing and storing bulbs, how to buy the right number of plants for an area, a look at common rose diseases, trannsplanting trees and shrubs, even how to make growing vegetables fun (because sometimes, honestly, it isn't).

Curse you, Melinda Myers! You've done it again! This is a wonderful book and every gardener should be happy to have it on their shelf. In fact, get it as a holiday gift for a gardening friend.

Melinda is here for the second hour of the show today. We'll give away a book or two and answer as many gardening questions as we can get it. Hope you join us!

December 1, 2013

Welcoming Illinois Extension educator Ellen Phillips

Don't be misled by that headline. Ellen Phillips has been with Illinois Extension for a long time. She is a Local Food and Small Farms Educator whose programs have focused on increasing production, marketing, risk management on small farms while encouraging environmental stewardship. Works for me.

What I meant is that for a number of years, Ellen has been serving three counties in western Illinois--Boone, DeKalb, and Ogle--and five weeks ago returned to work in Cook County. And we're happy to have her. She and I first crossed paths when I interviewed her on Gargantua Radio Down the Dial. Obviously, that was a while ago.

The Extension website says that her her areas of expertise

include organic production, Good Agricultural Practices (GAPS), large scale and backyard composting, soil management, manure management, small farm crop production and marketing and livestock pasture management and grazing. In this role, she works closely with farmers, agri-business, homeowners and other agencies to identify educational needs, and deliver unbiased research-based information to clientele.

One of the things we'll discuss on the show this morning is the Illinois Specialty Crops, Agritourism and Organic Conference, which takes place in Springfield every year in the second week of January. In 2014, the conference runs Jan 9 and 10 at the Crowne Plaza Hotel and Convention Center in Springfield, Illinois.

The conference is open to everyone interested in local food and farming. I t provides professional training for farmers to learn the newest techniques for improving production, crop protection or ways to add value through post-harvest handling. In addition, there will be five pre-conference workshops:

  • pumpkin production
  • season extension and year-round markets
  • Good Agriculture Practices (GAPs) and food safety guidelines for Farmers Markets
  • optimizing plasticulture and drip irrigation practices
  • growing unique fruits and vegetables.

As you can see, GAPs, or Good Agricultural Practices, is another area that interests Ellen. These are the Best Management Practices that farmers use to minimize microbial contamination from seed to market. As Ellen tells me:

Farmers look at the farm from a whole farm perspective and develop a food safety plan including training their staff, record keeping, mock recalls and traceability. More and more markets (grocery stores, schools, and even farmers markets) are requiring farmers to become GAPs certified.

Gaps Certified means that a 3rd party organization such as USDA comes to the farm, evaluates if the farm is doing everything that is written in the plan. If they are, they are certified. The University of Illinois Extension has a cost-share program to help farmers cover the cost of the Audit which can be $1000 to $3000

There are a number of GAPs workshops in 2014. Each lasts from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. There will be on February 10  in Cook County. If you're intrested, contact   Ellen Phillips, ephillps@illinois.edu., or            708/449-4320. Two of the workshops will be webinars, In April and June, there will be webinars on Mondays. For the April sessions, contact Ellen Phillips. For June, contact James Theuri, theu50@illinois.edu, or 815/933-8337.

Or perhaps you're interested in become a farmer. The University of Illinois has received a 3 year grant to train new farmers, after just completing the first year with almost 80 people trained. The Second year begins in December, 2014, and website registration begins July 1, 2014. In this part of the state, it's at the St. Charles Horticulture Research Center.

It covers everything from starting seeds, to marketing to writing a business plan.  There's also a workshop called "Is Entrepreneurial Farming for you?” on December. 5 at Westchester.

Last but not least, Ellen tells me that the Kendall County Board Tuesday approved a special use permit that will pave the way for a poultry and small animal processing plant near Newark. She says this is important for people raising chickens in Illinois because, as of now, there is only one processing plant in the state.

Al and Mary Maly are behind the effort. They live on a 13-acre farmette in Kendall County, raising about 600 chickens and turkeys on their site. Presently, they must take their animals down to Arthur, Illinois for processing. Their proposed plant would handle about 3,000 poultry per day.

Lots to discuss. Ellen Phillips joins me in studio.

More on compost pick up in Andersonville

A couple of weeks ago, I welcomed some folks from the EESP, or Edgewater Environmental Sustainability Project. and one of the things we talked about was a new composting program that had just started in the Andersonville Neighborhood on the north side of Chicago. The initiative, which is the result of a coordinated effort by the Andersonville Development Corp., Chicago Compost Coalition, Loyola University and the Chicago Resource Center, allows people to have their food scraps collected and composted for a small fee.

This week, I'm happy to talk to Ellen Shepard, Executive Director of the Andersonville Chamber of Commerce and the Andersonville Development Corporation. She writes that their composting program

is part of the Eco-Andersonville initiative of the Andersonville Development Corporation. We have been working on it for about three years, sitting on committees with Jen Walling [Executive Director of the Illinois Environmental Council], lobbying in Springfield to get the legislation changed, and finally, becoming Chicago's largest neighborhood-wide residential compost pick-up initiative. The program was the brainchild of Brian Bonanno, our Sustainability Programs Manager. The commercial side of the program, for Andersonville restaurant pick-ups, has been supported by Han Pham and the good folks at Loyola. They provided a grant to help keep costs down and compostable bags for the restauarnts. In addition to the four restaurants Han mentioned on your show, two Andersonville restaurants are now on board, and we are actively seeking more.

Shepard notes that Andersonville is working in many other ways to be a green community, including

· Streetscape recycling. First neighborhood in the city to do this.

· Parklets and bike corrals. First in the city to do parklets and the only neighborhood with two of them. We also have the most bike corrals and helped the city develop both of these programs.

· Green Building incentive program (we reimburse a portion of businesses' costs for select sustainability improvements). Improvements have included lighting retrofits, solar shades, and a bamboo floor.

· Sustainable Business “Merit Badge” program. This is an overhaul we are doing of our former Sustainable Business Certification Program, where business can earn “merit badges” for sustainability efforts in individual categories, such as energy efficiency, water conservation, etc.

· Andersonville Farmers Market. We just completed our fifth year. This was specifically designed to get Andersonville hooked into the local food system so that we can support local farmers and lesson the amount of fossil fuel and chemicals it takes to feed our community. We were the first in the city to do an evening market.

· Sustainability “blitzes.” We started with an exit sign blitz, where we got special pricing on retrofitting businesses' exit signs with LED lights, and we did a bunch of them at once. We also did this on a much smaller scale with low-flow water sprayers for restaurants' sinks.

· Green Gift Wrapping party. Coming up on Friday, December 20 at George's Ice Cream, 5306 N. Clark, as part of our Late-er Night Andersonville event. Every year we gather festive materials that would otherwise be headed for a landfill –blueprints, old movie posters, etc – and invite shoppers to come wrap their holiday gifts with them.

Brian Bonanno and Ellen Shepard are in studio today to talk about all of these efforts.

By the way if you're interested in the Andersonville Community Compost program, go to http://www.andersonville.org/eco-andersonville/composting/ or call 773/728-7552.

Sauganash Prairie Grove Habitat Restoration and Potluck

Team member Rob Kartholl (@copedog on Twitter) asked me to plug what sounds like a great event: the Sauganash Prairie Grove Habitat Restoration and Potluck, next Saturday, December 7. It's a Habitat 2030 project. Those people describe themselves as

a group of dynamic young(ish) volunteers who care about the remarkable natural areas of the Chicago region. We are continuing the illustrious history of local volunteer stewardship and helping to build a culture of 20-30-40-somethings who will understand and care about our preserves long into the future. We gather at weekend workdays to remove invasive plants, gather and spread seeds, and more. After hard, satisfying work, we gather around the brushpile fire for brats, s'mores, and whatever else we can figure out. Everyone is welcome! We'll show you the basics and help you discover the overlooked ecological treasures within miles of our city.

Get folks interested and invested in our environment while they're young, I always say. Here are the details:

Sat, December 7, 10am – 1pm, Sauganash Prairie Grove ( map )

RSVP via Facebook, Meetup.com, or the Forest Preserves of Cook County Volunteer page

Sauganash Prairie Grove, a mosaic of oak woodland and prairie, resides within the Chicago city limits! We will be lopping and sawing invasive shrubs like buckthorn, with a brush burn pile if conditions permit. We'll work 10AM - 1PM and feast around the fire afterward. Bring something to share. The entrance to the preserve is between Kilbourn and Kenneth Avenues on Bryn Mawr, so park along a side street. All you need is a pair of tough shoes or boots, a sweatshirt and coat if it's cold, long pants, long-sleeved shirt, a water bottle, and a hat. We'll supply work gloves and tools. We strongly recommend against nylon or other synthetic fabrics, as sparks from the fire will melt holes in them.

Have fun!

November 24, 2013

Gettin' that Home Grown groove

A couple of weeks ago, I played a song that several people had alerted me to. This particular website says that "This May Be The Best Song Ever Made About Gardening." Of course, most gardening songs--in my humble opinion--are pretty lame. However, this one really IS good.

It's called "Home Grown" and it's written by a guy named Keith "Fathom" Cross, whose own website is tagged with the words r&b/soul, blues, hip hop, rap, jazz, neo-soul and soul California. So he's obviously trying a lot of different styles. (He's also a PhD candidate at Stanford University in his spare time.)

The lyrics start like this:

Chorus (4X):
Man I got that Home Grown.
I don't care ‘bout the Dow Jones.
The economy could crash tonight
And yo' whole life savin's couldn't save yo' life!

Verse 1:
I'm a crop farmer. I got what you need.
And I ain't blowin' smoke when I say I grow trees.
It's funny: this economy is based on greed,
But more people don't farm who got mouths to feed.
Some folks save money; I save seeds.
I don't water my lawn or spray weeds.
The money I do spend on waterin' crops
I get right back, cause I don't shop for groceries.
I got breakfast, lunch, and dinner in the yard,
So that recession ain't hittin' me as hard.
My stock grows exponentially.
What, the Wall St. Journal never mentioned me?
Huh…

and there are two more verses, plus what could be described as an epilogue. Keith says this about the song:

This is a song about the freedom gained through growing your own. For me it is a dream which I've barely begun. I don't yet have the land or the skills to make it a reality. With your support, I will get there, and continue to motivate others to do the same. Given the content however, to charge for it may seem hypocritical, so if you want a free copy, just let me know: keithcrossmusic@gmail.com

That's a great attitude and I'm pleased to have him on the show this morning.

Petcoke Update

A lot has been happening on the southeast side of Chicago in the past few weeks regarding the storage of petcoke. For one thing, this has become a real news story, with real media outlets now regularly covering it. That's partly because the citizens of the East Side and South Deering neighborhoods decided they were mad as hell and they weren't going to take it anymore. That meeting was attended by our own Lisa Albrecht.

That can only be bad news for KCBX Terminals and Beemsterboer Slag Corp., the companies that are storing this by-product of the tar sands oil refining process. The constant glare of the media has forced Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel, the U.S. EPA, the Illinois EPA and Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan to at least make noises about getting something done to protect the health and well-being of the citizens.

The latest action is a lawsuit that has been filed agasint Beemsterboer by the City of Chicago and the Illinois Attorney General's Office. According to the Chicago Sun-Times story, the lawsuit

seeks a court order for the company to remove petcoke and metallurgical coke or “metcoke” from its 22-acre Chicago facility at 2900 E. 106th St. It also seeks to stop the company from storing, handling, screening, loading and unloading petcoke, metcoke and other “unpermitted” materials at its location until it obtains a permit from the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.

While KCBX is not mentioned in this lawsuit, they are are already under scrutinty from the U.S. EPA, which is seeking to determine if the company has violated provisions of the Clean Air Act.

Hell, even the circus that is the Chicago City Council has gotten into the act, with two aldermen proposing ordinances that would call for stricter regulation of the pet and metcoke or ban their storage outright.

Meanwhile, the pressure from the citizens of the area continues. This morning (Sunday, November 24) at 10:00 a.m., People against Petcoke will be holding a protest March. They will meet at 106th Street and Burley Avenue Chicago, IL (next to Riverfront Tavern) and will march to the KCBX south site on Burley Avenue.

Then, next Friday, December 6 from 6:30 to 9:00 p.m., the Southeast Environmental Task Force is presenting a photo exhibit called Welcome to Petcoke Town at Under the Bridge Studios,10052 S. Ewing Avenue in Chicago. It features works by Jeff Lucas, Lloyd Degrane and student photographers, all of whom live near the toxic pet coke piles.

A clarification regarding compost pick up in Andersonville

Last week we had some folks in studio from the EESP, or Edgewater Environmental Sustainability Project and one of the things we talked about was a new composting program that had just started in the Andersonville Neighborhood on the north side of Chicago. The initiative, which is the result of a coordinated effort by the Andersonville Development Corp., Chicago Compost Coalition, Loyola University and the Chicago Resource Center, allows people to have their food scraps collected and composted for a small fee.

Unfortunately, at the time, I didn't have the website handy for folks who want to get on board with the Andersonville Community Compost program. To do that, go to http://www.andersonville.org/eco-andersonville/composting/ or call 773/728-7552.

We'll talk more about this next week.

Other things on the radar screen

The second hour today will feature a few things about this and that, including

  • A disturbing story in this week's New York Times called The Year the Monarch Didn’t Appear. If this doesn't get alarm bells ringing in your head, you might not be human.
  • For the first time, a power company has been fined for killing birds at a Wyoming wind farm.
  • Interested in keeping GMOs off of your Thankgiving table? Green America has some ideas.
  • I received this story from Pat Skach, who does the weather segment when Rick DiMaio isn't available: Global Warming Since 1997 Underestimated by Half. That can't be good news.
  • We might be releasing more methane into our atmosphere than we ever thought. And it's coming from leaks in our gas pipes...just another part of our fraying infrastructure
  • Last but certainly not least, Dr. Lora Chamberlain informs us that there is a public meeting about the new fracking regulations in Illinois this Tuesday, November 26, 2013, 6:30pm-8:30pm at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), 726 S. Halsted Street, Student Center East, Rm 302, Chicago IL 60607. As she points out, the hearing is two days before Thanksgiving (!), a nice strategy for keeping comments to a minimum.

More info as it comes out at:  www.facebook.com/FrackFreeIllinois   and at   www.facebook.com/events/587043554666212/?context=create

Information regarding the format of the public hearings and other cities hosting them can be found at : www.dnr.illinois.gov/.../Pages/PublicHearings.aspx
Read the rules at  www.dnr.illinois.gov/.../hydraulicfracturing.aspx

Comments on the proposed rulemaking may be submitted to the Department until
Friday, January 3, 2014 .
Electronically at:  www.dnr.illinois.gov/OilandGas/Pages/OnlineCommentSubmittalForm.aspx
Or by mail/hand delivery to the following address:
Robert G. Mool, Department of Natural Resources, One Natural Resources Way, Springfield IL 62702-1271, 217/782-1809

Dr. Lora asks that you copy all comments about the rules sent to the IDNR to:
–  www.facebook.com/FrackFreeIllinois  , 
– JCAR@ILGA.gov (the General Assembly),    
–  Governor Quinn: www2.illinois.gov/gov/Pages/ContacttheGovernor.aspx

November 17, 2013

Visit "Illumination" at the Morton Arboretum for the holidays

If you're a regular listener (insert joke here about irregular listeners), you know that when the holiday season arrives, I don my gay apparel--vest, evening jacket, cravat and, of course, top hat and pitch pipe--and show up at dinner events, parties, and venerable institutions like the Chicago Botanic Garden and the Morton Arboretum to sing songs of the season.

My caroling group is called, appropriately enough, The Frozen Robins, and, in case you're interested, yes, we are for hire. (I'm so glad you asked!)

I'm particularly excited this year about a new event at the Morton Arboretum, at which we will be appearing numerous times during November and December. It's called Illumination: Tree Lights at the Morton Arboretum, and I get goose bumps just thinking about it, even though I haven't seen the lights yet. Here's some of the fun that will be part of the event:

Illumination is an outdoor event on a one-mile, gently rolling, paved path that takes approximately one and one-half hours to complete. Please dress for the weather. Food and beverage concessions are available for purchase. 

Walking along the paved trail you can:

  • Hug a tree to make it grow brighter
  • Sing to a tree and watch it change color
  • Interact with light and color with a swipe of your hand

Illumination runs November 22 to January 4, 2014* (closed November 28, December 2, 9, 16, 24, 25).
It starts each night at 4:30 with last entry at 8:30 p.m.  Building and grounds hours vary during Illumination. Please see admission & hours page for more information. You can purchase tickets online HERE.

Tickets:
Member: $10 Adult/$5 Child (2-17)
General Admission $15 Adult/ $10 Child (2-17)
A $5 transaction fee will apply to all phone orders.
General Admission: Daytime Arboretum admission for the same day as your Illumination ticket is included with your ticket price.

The Frozen Robins will be caroling for Illumination from 5 to 8pm on these dates:

Friday, November 22
Saturday, November 23
Saturday, November 30
Saturday, December 7
Saturday, December 14
Saturday, December 21
Saturday, December 28
Saturday, January 4

Join us for what promises to be a one-of-a-kind event! We might even invite you to warble a tune with us!

Chicagoans fight back against petcoke on the Calumet River

Three weeks ago I reported on how large piles of petroleum coke or "petcoke," a by-product of refining tar sands oil, were growing at an alarming rate along the banks of the Calumet River in southeast Chicago.

The irony is that just as the piles of coal that had lined the river for years have begun to disappear, thanks to the shuttering of three coal-fire plants in the Chicago area, the petcoke piles have begun to appear at KCBX Terminals and Beemsterboer Slag Corp. Residents in the neighborhood have been complaining about the black dust that settles on everything in their houses and, worse, ends up in their eyes and lungs.

With the controversial BP Whiting, Indiana refinery about to finish a $3.8 billion expansion, which will make it the world's second largest coker, the environmental future for the area looks dim, indeed. According to Henry Henderson at the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) ,

BP Whiting is now the second biggest producer of petcoke amongst American refineries. They will be spitting out 6,000 tons of the stuff a day; more than 2 million tons annually.

Various local media also reported on this environmental catastrophe in the making, including the Chicago Tribune and Chicago Tonight on WTTW . After being alerted by the Southeast Environmental Task Force (SETF), the NRDC produced its own video of the rising piles of petcoke along the Calumet.

Earlier this month, Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan filed suit against KCBX, charging that the company is violating state law by not safely storing the petcoke. Meanwhile, Beemsterboer is under investigation by the Illinois EPA for similar reasons.

So it's not particularly surprising that when KCBX requested for a permit revision to add conveyors and equipment to its facility near 107th and Burley, residents of the area finally decided that they had had enough. A loud and angry contingent of citizens showed up at a meeting called by the IEPA last Thursday to discuss the matter. You can see from this video shot by the Chicago Sun-Times that the IEPA folks had that "deer in the headlights" look in the face of community outrage.

The very next day, the U.S. EPA got into the act, announcing that it was conducting its own investigation of both KCBX and Beemsterboer, citing lack of compliance with the Clean Air Act.

Our very own Lisa Albrecht was at Thursday's meeting along with Thomas Frank, a resident of East Chicago, Indiana, a member of Tar Sands Free Midwest, an activist and artist. They will talk about standing up for the right to breathe (relatively) clean air.

Creating a sustainable Chicago neighborhood in Edgewater

In September I received an email from a colleague about a new composting program that had just started in the Andersonville Neighborhood on the north side of Chicago. The initiative, which is the result of a coordinated effort by the Andersonville Development Corp., Chicago Compost Coalition , Loyola University and the Chicago Resource Center, allows people to have their food scraps collected and composted for a small fee.

The program was launched on October 19 as the first of its kind in Chicago. However, sometimes new programs can travel a bumpy road on the way to being established (of course, I'm not talking about any kind of national health insurance program...those are a snap to roll out). In the case of the Andersonville effort, it's composting bins ready for pickup that have been either stolen or thrown away as garbage.

Hey, there will always be setbacks with ground breaking initiatives. That's to be expected. The fact that this is being done at all in Chicago (you know, the city that finds it difficult to recycle a soda bottle) is the remarkable thing. And the environmental progress in the Andersonville and Edgewater neighborhoods can be attributed to a group called EESP, or Edgewater Environmental Sustainability Project.

Their mission is encapsulated here:

We will collaborate with all who live and work in the Edgewater/Andersonvile area in order to create a model sustainable, green community within Chicago by establishing goals and timelines within the following target areas:

1) Energy Efficiency;
2) Planning & Development (including Transportation);
3) Green Schools;
4) Reduce, ReUse, Recycle;
5) Parks & Greening;
6) Water & Air;
7) Renewable Energy;
8) Public Education;
9) Neighborhood Beautification & Cleaning:

Somehow it's not surprising that a player in Edgewater's leap into the world of composting is Edgewater resident Senator Heather Steans, whose composting bill, SB 99, was passed in Illinois in 2009. The bill brought some badly needed common sense to the antiquated Illinois composting laws, thanks in part to staffers like Jennifer Walling, now Executive Director of the Illinois Environmental Council (IEC).

Joining me in studio today are Hahn Pham, Compost Coordinator at Loyola University, Chicago; Anne Comeau, EESP Co-chair; and Tom Murphy and Killian Walsh from EESP. On the phone will be Senator Heather Steans from the Illinois 7th District.

Band of Farmers expands the reach of CSAs

I didn't have much of a chance to visit the Logan Square Farmers Market this year, even though it's in my own neighborhood. The problem is that the market is held on Sunday morning and early afternoon, when I'm broadcasting and doing post-show work. End of story.

Or not. Late in the season I managed to carve out some time to stop by the market and was hailed by a friend of The Mike Nowak Show, Jody Osmund of Cedar Valley Sustainable Farm. It's been more than two and a half years since his wife Beth was on the show to talk about their meat CSA, which produces food that has been raised, slaughtered and processed in a humane fashion.

If you read their website, their philosophy is no accident:

We didn't become farmers because we are Local Foods activists.
We became activists because we are farmers making our living from local foods.

Kathleen and I bought some sustainably produced meat products and Jody promised to be in touch. He followed through this week when he alerted me to the upcoming 2013 Federal Employees’ Health and Benefits Fair hosted by the Chicago Federal Executive Board. It will be at the Metcalfe Building at 77 W. Jackson Boulevard on November 21. Chicago Health and Human Services is the main force behind the fair, which is for current and retired federal employees. and this is where it gets interesting.

According to Jody, this will be a historic event. For the first time, there will be a CSA (Community Supported Agriculre) Fair in conjunction with a Federal employee health benefits fair in Chicago. Around 1200 federal employees are expected to attend and will they have a chance to learn about getting healthy food from local farms.

The CSA part of this event came is a joint project of the Illinois Stewardship Alliance (ISA) and a budding CSA Marketing Coalition called Band Of Farmers.Their first official event was a CSA Fair and Farmer Talent Show in March of this year, and they plan even more events in the future, including another Band of Farmers Talent show at the Good Food Festival and Conference in March of 2014.

Wes King, Executive Director of the ISA, hopes the Federal Employees' Health and Benefits Fair will lead to bigger and better things. He points to the Fair Share CSA Coalition in Wisconsin, which has a CSA health insurance rebate program. Wes says that you can get a rebate for signing up for a CSA through the Fair Share Coalition. He hopes the same thing will happen in Illinois and he believes that the CSA fair is a good first step in that direction.

I'm pleased to have Jody Osmond and Wes King on the program this morning. And while I have him on the phone, I will get an update on the progress of a national Farm Bill from Wes.

 

November 10, 2013

Speaking and marching for clean energy

In September the EPA announced new emission standards for new power plants across the US and is currently working on standards for existing facilities that will be announced in June 2014. Even as the predictable opposition rolls out, the EPA has been hosting public listening sessions, soliciting community input, in 11 different cities across the country. Chicago was host Friday, the last day for live testimony with about 500 individuals giving 3 minute statements. The agency will continue to accept written comments until December 7th. So if you didn't get down to the listening, please submit your comments online! Carbonpollutioninput@epa.gov

Here's the statement that Lisa presented to the EPA:

Thank you for the opportunity to speak today. My name is Lisa Albrecht and I am a Renewable Energy Specialist at Solar Service, a local solar installer that has been building solar energy here in Chicago since 1977.  I serve on the Board of Directors for the Illinois Solar Energy Association, an organization dedicated to the education and proliferation of solar energy in our state. 

I am here today in support of strong emissions and pollution control standards for new power plants, particularly those using toxic, limited and dangerous fossil fuels.
The role of government is complex. However I feel that a major responsibility of our local, state and federal entities, and therefore the EPA, is to safeguard our future, not just for tomorrow but for generations to come. Our planet is in peril and we are already witnessing the impacts of dirty energy. 

The risks threaten our health, food, water, weather and even political stability.  I myself have asthma after living in Asia and being exposed for years to toxic coal emissions and many of those i know and love suffer from environmental illnesses. These new standards will ensure a healthier future. 

Fossil fuels have had their place in history. They have developed the worlds economies and gotten us to where we are today as a civilization. But they are yesterday's technologies built on yesterday's understanding of the risks and environmental costs of the emissions spewing constant pollution into our atmosphere. 

It is time to embrace a new tomorrow.  The new standards will offer a transition to a new energy era and an emerging economy, the clean energy economy. 

Renewable energies offer a sustainable, economic and affordable energy solution. They are clean, efficient, stable, safe and offer solutions to the many challenges we face as a planet today.  They are available everywhere, offering energy independence with abundant and free fuel source. 

The truth is that the more we invest in fossil fuels, the more expensive they become. We have mined the easiest fuels out of the ground and are now investing billions in extracting harder sources of energy in more vulnerable areas, threatening our very existence and vital resources we need for survival such as drinking water and farmland. 

But what is missed by many is that the more we invest in clean energy the less expensive and more efficient it becomes! Solar energy for example has delivered more power to the grid in the past two years than the prior 40. And that capacity will double in the next two years. Wind is already proving affordable energy to millions of us citizens. The opportunities for renewable energy are endless and logical. These are mulit-billion dollar industries and the combination of these with energy efficiency and new technologies we have yet to discover will employ those working today in displaced and aging industries.  

I urge the EPA to stay strong in their mission to deliver a better future. 

I encourage president obama to continue to develop clean, renewable technologies and ask ALL public officials to not take the easy road of status quo but to stand for our future by enforcing standards that will ensure our survival. Thank you for you leadership and courage. 

The Illinois Chapter of the Sierra Club hosted a public rally at noon at the Federal Plaza with several hundred folks in attendance. In fact Lisa and I were there watching speakers like Cheryl Johnson of People for Community of Recovery, Brandon Leavitt of Solar Service, Inc. (where Lisa is employed) and Senator Michael Frerichs rev up the crowd as they called for clean energy standards and Eco-equality.

"Twist and Seal" can keep you safe from electrical shock

Question: How many of you have run indoor electrical cords out to your yard to run your Christmas lights or water features? Can I see some hands? Yep, I thought so. Uh, you know that's not very safe, don' t you? And even if you use outdoor cords, what about the connections that are exposed to rain and snow?

Enter local inventor Bryan Nooner, who has come up with a way to keep those exposed connections dry. Nooner says that “When you use a Twist and Seal, you eliminate the need for wrapping plug connections in duct tape or plastic bags.” Anybody out there who has ever done that? Can I see some more hands? Heck, even Nooner himself says he's done that. So have I.

It's called Twist and Seal because of the way it works. You place the connection inside a plastic shell that contains foam on the inside. To close, you push the shell together while twisting, which compresses the foam around the cord and holds the connection together. While the device isn't water proof (it should not be submerged), it is moisture resistant.

Since he invented what is now called the Twist and Seal Original for large connections, he has developed the Twist and Seal Mini, for holiday lighting, and the Cord Dome™, which protects multiple electrical cord connections of any size and shape.

Exposed extension cord connections bothered Nooner so much, in fact, that he invented a product called Twist and Seal that keeps cord connections safe and dry. The product's name—Twist and Seal—was derived from the way the device works. The foam on the inside of the unit is slightly larger than the plastic housing on the outside. As you push the shell together around two joined extension cord plugs and twist it, the foam compresses down to create a radial compression around the cord. Voila—the cord connection inside stays dry and the cords never get pulled apart.

Nooner must be doing something right--his device won the Silver Award for the Most Innovative Product of the Year at the National Hardware Show in Las Vegas in 2012. This year, he continued his streak, with The Mini being picked as Sky Mall magazine's “Top Pick” for the entire show, and the Cord Dome™ being pronounced the National Hardware Show's “Most Innovative Product of the Year” for 2013.

Bryan joins us in the studio today to tell us how he went from high school biology teacher to award-winner inventor.

Sandra Henry, ComEd's "Energy Doctor," is back in the house

On my Fifth Anniversary Show at WCPT on April 21 of this year, ComEd's "Energy Doctor," Sandra Henry appeared on the program to talk about her 20 years of experience in helping people make their homes and lives more energy efficient. Sandra is the program manager of ComEd's Energy Efficiency Portfolio. She is an elected regional director of the Illinois Chapter of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) . She is also a LEED Accredited Professional.

And now, I'm happy to say that, for the next few weeks, ComEd will be a sponsor of The Mike Nowak Show. This is a good time of year to talk about energy efficiency, as the "Hawk" begins to talk in Chicago and the temperatures plummet.

In fact, ComEd has launched its Smart Ideas awareness campaign. The purpose of this campaign is to encourage customers to become more energy efficient and conscious of the energy they use. Much of it is everyday, small acts that are more about commons sense than expensive retrofitting--things like turning off lights when leaving a room or switching to compact fluorescents. They call it “The Power of Small Changes.”

For instance, ComEd's Home Energy Savings program offers customers a comprehensive home assessment that evaluates opportunities for energy efficiency improvements and provides financial incentives for completing those improvements.

Meanwhile, in December 2012, ComEd launched its Smart Home Showcase contest to customers owning single- family homes in the communities that are part of the company's smart meter pilot program. There were four winners, who received free, ener gy efficiency home makeovers valued at $45,000 each. They are Alison Tisza from Chicago's Logan Square neighborhood; Lisa Polderman and Leticia Gonzales of Berwyn; and Brandon Smith of Maywood.

Brandon Smith stops by the studio today to tell us how the contest (and his good fortune) made him more aware of energy efficiency, whether his electric bills have gone down, and whether or not his family has made changes in their behavior to reduce their energy usage. Any bets on which side of the energy fence he's on now?

And, of course, the "Energy Doctor,' Sandra Henry is back in studio as well, to answer your energy conservation questions.

November 3, 2013

A potpourri first hour, starting with a KickStarter for The Plant...

It's a little bit of everything in the first hour of today's show, and we hope you'll join in the conversation at 773/763-9278 or post on Facebook at The Mike Nowak Show or tweet to @MikeNow.

I start with a request I received from John Edel of The Plant, who I ran into at the Bioneers Chicago event at Roosevelt University on Friday. If you don't know about The Plant, at 1400 W. 46th Street in Chicago, you should. It started as a 93,500 square foot meatpacking facility, but is being transformed into something quite remarkable.

The goal is to make The Plant a net-zero energy vertical farm and food business operation, and it's being done by integrating all of the businesses and operations that inhabit that building on Chicago's south side. Here's how they describe it:

[O]ne-third of The Plant will hold aquaponic growing systems and the other two-thirds will incubate sustainable food businesses by offering low rent, low energy costs, and (eventually) a licensed shared kitchen. The Plant will create 125 jobs in Chicago's economically distressed Back of the Yards neighborhood – but, remarkably, these jobs will require no fossil fuel use. Instead, The Plant will install a renewable energy system that will eventually divert over 10,000 tons of food waste from landfills each year to meet all of its heat and power needs.

And that's just the tip of the iceberg. I advise you to peruse the website--especiall this page--to get an overview that will leave you shaking your head and wondering why the rest of the world doesn't operate this way.

Anyway, John wrote to me to say that that the folks at The Plant have launched a KickStarter Campaign to convert a loading dock into a new ADA-accessible entryway . From the street, you'll be able to see straight through to a new retail area where Plant businesses will sell their produce and foods--a co-op retail area featuring living walls.

He says that the building permits are in hand, so once the goal is reached, construction can start immediately. Here are some highlights of the KickStarter Campaign:

- Makes the Plant ADA accessible to all.
- Provides a welcome station with sustainability displays for the public.
- Includes a co-op retail area where people can purchase the foods made and grown at the Plant.
-Demonstrates closed-loop production and industrial reuse in an easy to understand way.

The living foyer will also provide space for tours to gather and for folks to lock their bikes. Much of the material for the ramp and living walls will be recycled from inside The Plant, but the glass wall, LEDs and all of the masonry work aren't cheap! And, to be honest, the campaign is off to a slow start. So if you believe in the future of sustainability...heck, if you believe in the future of anything, I urge you to log onto the KickStarter Campaign HERE and send a few bucks their way.

...followed by the Obama drama, "Waiting for Keystone XL"

Lisa Albrecht writes:

Hot off the presses Friday, the Obama administration issued an Executive Order “Preparing the United States for the Impacts of Climate Change”. While we're still digesting it, it appears that much of the content appears to be about adaptation, resilience and preparedness and not so much about conservation or prevention. Is the US government missing the mark here or is this just an opening move with more to come? Many environmentalists, including Bill McKibben, say the true test will be the final decisions on the Keystone Pipeline.

With so many great conferences and conversations about climate change, what will it take to start to turn the corner? Government regulations? Putting a price on Carbon? Or is there an opportunity for a clean energy economy to shift the tide? Al Gore And David Blood have an interesting OpEd this week in the Wall Street Journal titled The Coming Carbon Asset Bubble.

The irrepressible Christy Webber stops by

It's been awhile since Christy Webber was on the show, and that's a shame. I don't say that because her company, featuring Christy Webber Landscapes and Christy Webber Farm & Garden Center, is one of my sponsors (ding!) I say it because she is one of the most entertaining people in horticulture and she always makes great radio.

And she was just involved in a television venture that I'm sorry I haven't seen yet. It's called The Hiring Squad: Meet the New Boss, which just aired on Spike TV. As far as I can tell from the clip (which you can see by clicking on the above link), it's a reality show where Christy's employees vote for a new boss...and then hilarity ensues. Honestly, I'm not sure what it's all about, but I'm sure that Christy will have plenty to say about it.

But the serious reason that Christy is in studio this morning is something that she helped launch on September 3 of this year--the International Network for Urban Agriculture, or INUAg. Here's what they say they want to accomplish:

INUAg.org is an up-to-date, organized and searchable resource for individuals, communities and organizations interested in urban agriculture.  We are striving to be comprehensive in geography, sector, topic, growing methods, business models, policy and other topics as urban agriculture grows.

INUAg is based in Chicago serving a global membership.   Inuag.org has forums for members to exchange ideas, best practices and resources.  INUAg is looking to develop partnerships with existing urban agriculture organizations and coalitions to help expand the viability and success of urban agriculture.

I suggest you peruse the INUAg website to see more of how the group hopes to connect urban agriculture all over the planet. Pretty ambitious.

Meanwhile, I welcome Christy Webber to our bright and shiny studios, where I'm sure we'll have a great time.

Bioneers Chicago: today is the final day

Yep, today is the final day of the Great Lakes Bioneers Chicago event, Celebrating Community Resilience! at Roosevelt University, 430 S. Michigan Ave, Chicago, IL 60605. I spent an entire day there on Friday, working pretty hard, frankly, but learning a lot and meeting a ton of people who want our future to be better than our present.

It continues to run through 5:15 p.m. today and while you can no longer register online, you can show up and pay at the door. Here's the schedule for today.

Our own Lisa Albrecht is involved in her second workshop of the event, Renewable Energy for Resilient Communities. If that particular subject doesn't move you, perhaps this one will: How to Design a Food Forest. Unfortunately, they're at the same time, but that's how conferences sometimes go.

Lisa and I are proud to have been part of this huge event, and we'll be chatting about it on the show today.

SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER SHOWS